An important purpose of science education is to give students a means to understand and act on personal and social issues. The science in personal and social perspectives standards help students develop decision-making skills.

TABLE 6.6. SCIENCE IN PERSONAL AND SOCIAL PERSPECTIVES

LEVELS K-4

Personal health

Characteristics and changes in populations

Types of resources

Changes in environments

Science and technology in local challenges

LEVELS 5-8

Personal health

Populations, resources,and environments

Natural hazards

Risks and benefits

Science and technology in society

LEVELS 9-12

Personal and community health

Population growth

Natural resources

Environmental quality

Natural and human-induced hazards

Science and technology in local , national, and global challenges

The standards for the history and nature of science recommend the use of history in school science programs to clarify different aspects of scientific inquiry, the human aspects of science, and the role that science has played in the development of various cultures.

TABLE 6.7. HISTORY AND NATURE OF SCIENCE STANDARDS

LEVELS K-4

Science as a human endeavor

LEVELS 5-8

Science as a human endeavor

Nature of science

History of science

LEVELS 9-12

Science as a human endeavor

Nature of scientific knowledge

Historical perspectives



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement