References

Arnett R. Health Services Data Sources in the U.S. In: Armitage P, Colton T, editors. Encyclopedia of Biostatistics. New York: John Wiley, 1998: 1869-1877.


Backlund E, Sorlie PD, Johnson NJ. A comparison of the relationships of education and income with mortality: The National Longitudinal Mortality Study. Soc Sci Med 1999; 49(10):1373-1384.

Berthelsen CL. Evaluation of coding data quality of the HCUP National Inpatient Sample. Top Health Inf Manage 2000; 21(2):10-23.

Brook RH, Chassin MR, Fink A, Solomon DH, Kosecoff J, Park RE. A method for the detailed assessment of the appropriateness of medical technologies. Int J Technol Assess Health Care 1986; 2(1):53-63.


Christakis NA, Escarce JJ. Survival of Medicare patients after enrollment in hospice programs. N Engl J Med 1996; 335:172-178.

Christakis NA, Iwashyna TJ. Impact of individual and market factors on the timing of initiation of hospice terminal care. Med Care 2000; 38(5):528-41.


Donaldson MS, Field MJ. Measuring quality of care at the end of life. Arch Intern Med 1998; 158(2):121-128.


Emanuel EJ, Emanuel LL. The promise of a good death. Lancet 1998; 351 Suppl 2:SII21-SII29.


Freedman VA, Martin LG. Contribution of chronic conditions to aggregate changes in old-age functioning. Am J Public Health 2000; 90(11):1755-1760.


Green J, Wintfeld N. How accurate are hospital discharge data for evaluating effectiveness of care? Med Care 1993; 31(8):719-731.


Hawes C, Morris JN, Phillips CD, Mor V, Fries BE, Nonemaker S. Reliability estimates for the Minimum Data Set (MDS) for nursing home resident assessment and care screening. Gerontologist 1995; 35(2):172-178.

HCFA. Memorandum on Minimum Data Set State Operations Manual. Health Care Financing Administration. 9-2-1998 (CMS Web site).



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