come, net worth, subjective expectations, and insurance; these included physical tasks and personal care activities




Wave 1 conducted in 1993; response rate of 80%; those 70-79 were generally interviewed by telephone; those 80+ were generally interviewed in person


Wave 2 took place in 1995 and 1996; reinterview rate of 95%; combined HRS/AHEAD in 1998

design notes



8,222 % proxy avg 10.4% (increases with age; more men)

sample notes

initially noninstitutionalized persons born in 1923 or earlier (aged 70 years or older); Wave 1 = 8,222 respondents (and spouses). Wave 2 interviews were conducted with 7,039 of the 8,222 Wave I respondents and approximately 775 exit interviews with next of kin; multistage sample plan, with oversampling of Blacks, Hispanics, and Florida residents; dual sampliing frame using 81 of the 93 PSUs in HRS, then deleting half and replacing with selections from the HCFA-EDB file; compared to census files, the sample reflected population except for females aged 80 and over (more likely to be in nursing homes)

number of decedents

775 from Wave 1

questionnaire available

coding information available



Medicare (80% gave permission); Medicaid (fewer gave permission)

availability of data



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