MELVIN W.CARTER, PhD, is currently an international radiation-protection consultant and Neely Professor Emeritus at the Georgia Institute of Technology in Atlanta, GA. His fields of interests include: pollutant pathways in the environment and their kinetics; policy formulation in environmental protection and radiological protection; and procedures and methods for environmental surveillance. His other fields of interest are: the management of radioactive wastes; radiological engineering evaluations for criteria and standards; and the transportation of radioactive materials. He served as the Director of the Office of Interdisciplinary Programs at Georgia Tech, which included the Bioengineering Center and Environmental Resources Center. He was the Director of the National Environment Research Center of the EPA, and the Southeastern Radiological Health Laboratory of the US Public Health Service. He performed research on radioactive water decontamination and waste disposal, and participated in investigative work on the accumulation of radioactivity in bottom sediments of the Clinch and Tennessee Rivers. Dr. Carter is a member of the National Academy of Engineering (NAE), past President of the Health Physics Society, and past President of the International Radiological Protection Association. He served as chairman and member of a number of scientific committees, and has been a member of the Board of Directors of the National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements. He was inducted into Georgia Tech’s Engineering Hall of Fame. Dr. Carter has over 100 publications including several books. He served as a presidential appointee as one of the nine-member Nuclear Waste Technical Review Board. He holds a BS degree in Civil Engineering, as well as an MS degree in Public Health Engineering from Georgia Tech, and a PhD degree in Radiological and Environmental Engineering with a minor in Chemistry from the University of Florida, Gainesville, FL.

SUE B.CLARK, PhD, is the Westinghouse Distinguished Professor of Chemistry at Washington State University in Pullman, Washington. Her current research includes the environmental chemistry of plutonium and other actinides, chemistry of high-level radioactive-waste systems, and chemistry of actinide-bearing solid phases in natural environments. She holds a BS from Lander College and an MS and a PhD degree in chemistry from Florida State University. Before joining Washington State University in 1996, she was an assistant research ecologist at the University of Georgia’s Savannah River Ecology Laboratory (1992–1996) and senior scientist at Westinghouse Savannah River Company’s Savannah River Technology Center (1989–1992). She has served on two committees for the National Research Council’s Board on Radioactive Waste Management and served on the Committee on Dosimetry for the Radiation Effects Research Foundation. She has received several awards, including the Young Faculty Achievement Award in the College of Sciences at Washington State University (1998–1999), a Young Investigator Award, National Academy of Sciences Program on Nuclear Accidents and Radioactive Contamination (1993–1994), and the George Westinghouse Signature Award of Excellence, Westinghouse Corporation (1991). She is a member of the American Chemical Society and Sigma Xi, the Scientific Research Society.

EDMUND A.C.CROUCH, PhD, is a senior scientist at Cambridge Environmental, Inc. Dr. Crouch has published widely in environmental quality, risk assessment, and the presentation and analysis of uncertainties. He is a coauthor of a major text in risk assessment, Risk/Benefit Analysis. Dr. Crouch serves as an expert adviser to various local and national agencies concerned with public health and the environment and has served on three National Research Council committees. He has written computer programs for the sophisticated analysis of results from



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