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D Committee Biographies Peter Voorhees is the Frank C. Engelhart Professor in Materials Science and Engineering at Northwest- ern University. He received his B.S. in physics and Ph.D. in materials engineering from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute. Upon graduation he joined the Metallurgy Division at the National Institute of Standards and Technology as a postdoctoral fellow and then stayed on as a staff member. In 1988 he was appointed as an associate professor in the Materials Science and Engineering Department at North- western University. Professor Voorhees has held visiting positions at the Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of California at Santa Barbara; Groupe de Physique des Solide, Universite Paris VII; Institut fur Angewandte Physik, ETH Zurich; Universite de Montpellier II, France; and Institut fur Werkstofforschung, GKSS-Forschungszentrum. He has received the National Science Foundation Presidential Young Investigator Award, Acta Metallurgica et Materialia Outstanding Paper Award, McCormick School of Engineering and Applied Science Award for Teaching Excellence, ASM Interna- tional Materials Science Division Research Award (Silver Medal), and a National Science Foundation Creativity Extension and is a fellow of ASM International. He has published over 110 papers in the area of the thermodynamics and kinetics of phase transformations. Professor Voorhees' research interests include coarsening phenomena, the morphological evolution of thin films during heteroopitaxy, and large-scale numerical simulations of microstructural evolution. ,l. Iwan D. Alexander is a professor in the Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering and is chief scientist for fluids, National Center for Microgravity Research on Fluids and Combustion (NCMR), Case Western Reserve University (CWRU). He joined NCMR and CWRU after spending more than 10 years at the Center for Microgravity and Materials Research at the University of Alabama, where he began research programs in fluids and transport problems in crystal growth (with an emphasis on microgravity-related problems) and computational and experimental fluid dynamics, most of which were involved with NASA microgravity activities. His current research areas include fluids and trans- port phenomena, surfaces and interfaces, and computational fluid dynamics. Dr. Alexander has served on the scientific staff at Carnegie Mellon University, where he worked on elastic inclusion problems 106

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APPENDIX D 107 related to phase transitions in the solid state. He has also served as a visiting scientist at NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center, where he became involved in assessing the effects of vibration and spacecraft disturbances on materials and fluids experiments that were to be conducted in low gravity. Cristina Amon is the director of the Institute for Complex Engineered Systems and is Raymond J. Lane Distinguished Professor of Mechanical Engineering and Biomedical Engineering at Carnegie Mellon University. Her research interests focus on computational fluid dynamics and heat transfer, concurrent thermal design, stability and transition to turbulence, heat transfer enhancement techniques, micro and nano heat transfer phenomena, thermal management of electronics, aneurysm hemodynamics and mass transport in intravenous blood oxygenators. She is the recipient of several awards for excellence in research and education, including the ASME 2000 Gustus L. Larson Memorial Award, WE 1999 Distinguished Engineering Educator Award, ASEE 1997 George Westinghouse Award, and 2002 Ralph Coats Roe Award. She has contributed six book chapters, one McGraw Hill Custom Textbook, and over 140 refereed articles in the education and research literature. She is a fellow of the ASME and IEEE and an associate fellow of AIAA. Cristina Amon currently serves as chair of the ASME HTD K-16 Committee on Electronics Cooling (2000-2003) and executive member of the ASME Electronic and Photonic Packaging Division. Her editorship roles include associate editor for the ASME Journal of Heat Transfer, IEEE Transactions on Components and Packaging Technology, associate editor for Electronic Packaging G&B Book Series, and co-editor of Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer and ASME publications. She was elected general chair of the IEEE/ASME ITherm 2002 Intersociety Conference on Thermal and Thermomechanical Phenomena in Electronic Systems. Howard R. Baum, National Academy of Engineering (NAE), is a fellow of the National Institute of Standards and Technology. Dr. Baum has research interests in the fluid mechanics of fires, turbulent combustion, computational methods for fire phenomena, and smoke aerosol physics and transport. His research in fire-induced flows and turbulent combustion led to a U.S. Department of Commerce Silver Medal Award in 1981 and the Gold Medal Award in 1985. He was named Russell Severance Springer Visiting Professor at the University of California, Berkeley, in 1985 and was an invited lecturer at the Second International Symposium on Fire Safety Science in 1988. He received the Medal of Excellence from the International Association for Fire Safety Science in 1991 and 1999. Dr. Baum was a member of the U.S. delegation to the 1991 Japan-U.S. Heat Transfer Joint Seminar as primary participant and invited lecturer. He was awarded a Japan Society for the Promotion of Science fellowship for a 1994 visit to the University of Tokyo Institute of Industrial Science. Dr. Baum has published more than 100 papers and reports. His analysis of ventilation in containership holds is the technical basis of interna- tional standards for containership ventilation. He has served on NRC panels convened by the Naval Studies Board in 1986 and 1991 to consider Office of Naval Research (ONR) opportunities in solid and fluid mechanics, and a panel in 1987 to consider the status of nuclear winter research. Dr. Baum serves on the editorial boards of the journals Combustion and Flame and Combustion Theory and Modeling. John L. Brash is a professor in the Department of Chemical Engineering at McMaster University and a member of the Brockhouse Institute for Materials Research. His research involves studies in biotech- nology and biomaterials, polymerization and polymer characterization, and modification of surfaces for biotechnology and medical applications. A major goal is to understand the interactions of proteins and cells at the tissue-material interface, with particular emphasis on blood. Materials based on preventing the nonspecific adsorption of proteins and promoting the specific adsorption of targeted proteins are being developed. Professor Brash has been a member of several advisory committees of the Natural

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108 APPENDIX D Sciences and Engineering Research Council (Canada) and was chair of the Chemical and Metallurgical Grants Review Committee. He has also served on committees of the Canadian Institutes of Health Research and the NIH. He received the Clemson Award for Basic Research of the U.S. Society for Biomaterials in 1994 and an honorary doctorate (docteur honoris cause) from the University of Paris (XIII) in 1996. He was awarded the title "University Professor" by McMaster University in 2001. Moses H.W. Chan, National Academy of Sciences (NAS), is the Evan Pugh Professor of Physics at Pennsylvania State University. His primary field of research involves the study of condensed matter. Dr. Chan is known for his innovative and precise experimental studies of phase transitions in quantum and classical fluids, especially in reduced dimensions, restricted geometries, and the presence of impu- rities and disorder. He is the recipient of the Fritz London Prize, 1996, and was a Guggenheim fellow in 1987. ,Iayavant P. Gore, the Vincent P. Reilly Professor in the School of Mechanical Engineering at Purdue University, is widely known in the combustion field. His research areas of interest are in combustion and flame radiation phenomena with emphasis on efficiency, productivity enhancement and pollutant reduction in gas turbine combustors and industrial burners and furnaces, and fire safety with understand- ing of flow and radiation phenomena including advanced detection. Dr. Gore is a member of American Society for Mechanical Engineers and the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics. John L. Hall is a senior fellow of the National Institute of Standards and Technology, fellow of the Joint Institute for Laboratory Astrophysics (JILA), and lecturer, Department of Physics at the University of Colorado. His research interests include laser stabilization and precise scan techniques using interfer- ometry and/or heterodyne techniques. He is a member of the National Academy of Sciences and is the recipient of numerous honors and awards, including the Arthur M. Shawlow Prize of the American Physical Society. Richard Hopkins retired in 1999 from the position of senior consultant, microelectronics, Northrop Grumman Science and Technology Center. Currently, he heads an electronic and optical materials consulting activity, Hopkins, Inc. Dr. Hopkins has 30 years of experience in materials and device research, including program management and senior line management positions, most recently as head of the Microelectronics Department at the Northrop Grumman Science and Technology Center. His technical expertise includes crystal growth methods for inorganic, organic, and metallic materials and the application of unique semiconductor, optical, and metal alloys to device fabrication. Dr. Hopkins has published 130 papers in refereed journals and holds 20 U.S. patents in materials and materials processing. He is president of the Eastern Region of the American Association for Crystal Growth and a fellow of ASM International. He previously served as a member of the NRC Task Group on Institu- tional Arrangements for Facilitating Research on the International Space Station. Michael ,Iaffe is a research professor with the New Jersey Institute of Technology in the Biomedical Engineering Department. He is also chief scientist for industrial programs and director of the Medical Device Concept Laboratory in the New Jersey Center for Biomaterials and an associate research profes- sor at Rutgers University. His expertise is in innovative materials research such as biomimetics as well as Department of Defense (DOD) system applications. His work has focused on understanding the structure-property relationships of polymers and related materials, the application of biological para- digms to materials design, and the translation of new technology to commercial realty. Dr. Jaffe was the

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APPENDIX D 109 recipient of the 1995 Thomas Alva Edison Patent Award, presented by the Research and Development Council of New Jersey. He is a fellow of AAAS and a member of the NRC Committee on Materials Research for Defense-After-Next, the National Materials Advisory Board, and the U.S. National Com- mittee for the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry. Bernard H. Kear, NAE, is State of New Jersey Professor of Materials Science and Technology at Rutgers University. For more than 35 years, Dr. Kear' s research interests have centered on the synthe- sis, processing, structure, and properties of inorganic solids for a broad range of structural applications. His current research is concerned with chemical processing of nanophase metals, ceramics, cermets, and composites, starting from aqueous solution or metal-organic precursors. Primary objectives of the research are to develop scalable processes for the production of nanostructured powders, thin films and multilayered structures, diffusion and overlay coatings, particle-dispersed and fiber-reinforced compos- ites, and net-shape bulk materials. Dr. Kear's previous work addressed the fundamental aspects of dislocation interactions, phase transformations, and solidification behavior in nickel-base superalloys. This work contributed to the successful development of directional solidification of single-crystal turbine blades, rapid solidification powder atomization, and laser surface treatments. From 1981 to 1986 he worked at Exxon, where his research activities were focused on developing methods for CVD (chemical vapor deposition) surface passivation treatments and for catalytic growth of carbon whiskers from hydrocarbon precursors. Dr. Kear has published 220 technical papers, edited 9 books, and been granted 35 patents. He was chair of the National Materials Advisory Board from 1986 to 1989, and he has served on numerous NRC panels, including the Panel for Materials Science and Engineering and the Panel for a Review of ONR Research Opportunities in Materials Sciences. ,lan D. Miller, NAE, is Ivor Thomas Professor of Metallurgical Engineering at the University of Utah. Dr. Miller' s research covers the areas of minerals processing, specializing in particulate systems, aque- ous solution chemistry, colloid and surface chemistry, and environmental processing technology, hydro- metallurgy, flotation surface chemistry, and colloid chemistry. He is widely noted for his contributions to the fundamental theory and practical technology of flotation, minerals processing, and hydrometal- lurgy. In 1991 he received the Robert H. Richards Award for his advancement of the art of minerals processing by "prolific innovation of concepts reflecting the highest quality spirit of an educator, engineer, inventor and dedicated researcher." Dr. Miller served as principal investigator in 1998 for a project conducted at the Great Plains-Rocky Mountain Hazardous Substance Research Center and titled "Removal of Chlorinated Hydrocarbons from Contaminated Water Using Air-Sparged Hydrocyclone Technology." He also served as conference co-chair for the Environmental Technology for Oil Pollution 2nd International Conference, "Analysis and Utilization of Oily Wastes." G.P "Bud" Peterson, provost of Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI). Before accepting the position of provost, he was the College of Engineering Tenneco Professor, associate vice chancellor, and execu- tive associate dean of engineering at Texas A&M University. A fellow of both the American Society of Mechanical Engineers and the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Dr. Peterson's research interests are in the field of thermodynamics and heat transfer. His most recent work analyzing heat transfer at the microscopic dimensions used in semiconductor devices presents enormous commer- cial potential for use in the thermal control of high-power semiconductor devices and for the elimination of cancerous tissue in situ. He has developed techniques for NASA to study the behavior of heat pipes in the reduced gravity environment of space. Dr. Peterson is recognized internationally for his work in boiling and phase change heat transfer.

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110 APPENDIX D Peter Staudhammer, NAE, is vice president for science and technology at TRW, Inc. As the company's chief technical officer, Dr. Staubhammer is responsible for overseeing TRW's acquisition, manage- ment, and application of technology. Prior to his current position, Dr. Staubhammer had served as vice president and director of the Center for Automotive Technology, which combines the technical strengths of TRW's automotive, space, and defense businesses. He also serves as a member of the company's Management Committee. Dr. Staubhammer was one of the principal architects and the chief engineer of the Apollo Lunar Descent Engine. He also managed the development of space power and space instrument systems, including the Mars Viking Biology Instrument, atmospheric analysis instruments on Pioneer Venus, Earth observation instruments, and two ultraviolet spectrometers for the Voyager mission to Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune. Dr. Staubhammer subsequently managed TRW's Central Research Staff, directing research in solid-state devices, space physics, high-energy lasers, and plasma physics. He has received achievement awards from NASA and from the Institute for the Advancement of Engineering. Viola Vogel is the director of the Center for Nanotechnology and professor in the Department of Bioengineering at the University of Washington. After completing her graduate research at the Max- Planck Institute for Biophysical Chemistry in Goettingen, she received her Ph.D. in physics (1987) at Frankfurt University, followed by 2 years as a postdoctoral fellow at the University of California, Berkeley (1988-1990~. She received the Otto-Hahn Medal from the Max-Planck Society (1988) and the NIH "First Award" (1993-1998), and she served on President Clinton's Presidential Committee of Advisors in Science and Technology preparation panel that prepared the Presidential Nanotechnology Initiative (1999~. Dr. Vogel's interests include molecular assembly processes at interfaces, single- molecule mechanics and spectroscopy, self-assembled monolayers and Langmuir-Blodgett films, biomineralization, biomaterials and cell signaling, and optical spectroscopy and microscopy. Dr. Vogel is the principal investigator of the NSF-funded Integrative Graduate Education Training Pro cram in On O Nanotechnology at the University of Washington and an investigator on the NSF-Engineering Research Center project "University of Washington Engineered Biomaterials" (1996-2005) and the project "Microscale Life Science Center" (2001-2006) funded by the National Institutes of Health-Centers for Excellence in Genomic Science and Technology. Staff Sandra ,l. Graham received her Ph.D. in inorganic chemistry from Duke University in 1990. Her past research focused primarily on topics in bioinorganic chemistry, such as the exchange mechanisms and reaction chemistry of biological metal complexes and their analogs. From 1991 to 1994 she held the position of senior scientist at the Bionetics Corporation, where she worked in the science branch of the Microgravity Science and Applications Division at NASA headquarters. Since 1994 Dr. Graham has been a senior program officer at the Space Studies Board of the National Research Council, where she has directed numerous studies in both space life sciences and microgravity sciences.