Study Group (N)

Comparison Group (N)

Exposure Assessment and Other Relevant Exposures

Analysis and Adjustment for Potential Confounders

Heineman et al., 1995

Brain tumor incidence in women (1980–1984) in Shanghai, China


Shanghai general population

Job title



Fu et al., 1996

Mortality experience (1939–1991) of shoe-manufacturing workers in England (1939) and Italy (1950–1984)

6223 total

5220 men

1003 women

England and Italy general populations

Job title


Age, sex, time period

Schnatter et al., 1996a,b

Cases of lymphohematopoietic cancers (died in 1964–1983) and controls in a cohort of Canadian petroleum-distribution workers

29 cases, matched 1:4

Internal comparison

Industrial hygienist review based on work histories, site characterizations, surveys

Mantel-Haenszel OR (nested case-control)

Smoking, family cancer history, x-ray history

Ireland et al., 1997

Mortality experience (1940–1991) of male US chemical-plant workers (at least 1 day in 1940–1977) in Monsanto company plant in Sauget, IL


Illinois general population

Industrial hygienist exposure estimates based on work records


Lynge et al., 1997

Incidence experience (1970–1991) in service-station workers (1970) in Denmark and Scandinavia

18,969 total

16,524 men

2445 women

Nation general populations

Job title


Age, sex

Rushton and Romaniuk, 1997

Cases of leukemia and controls in a cohort of petroleum-distribution workers (1975–1992) in UK

91 cases, matched 1:4

Internal comparison

Measurements factored in occupational hygiene estimates, work histories, job descriptions, fuel compositions

OR (nested case-control), logistic regression

Age, smoking, date of hire, employment duration, socioeconomic status

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