Reference

Study Population

Exposed Cases

Estimated Relative Risk (95% CI)

Svensson et al., 1990

Male rotogravure printers in Sweden, employed >3 months

 

 

 

Bladder and kidney cancer

1

0.45 (0.01–2.53)

 

≥5 yrs exoposed with >10 yrs latency

1

0.57 (0.01–3.20)

Case-Control Study

Gérin et al., 1998

Male residents of Montreal, Canada

 

 

Low exposure

52

0.9 (0.6–1.3)

 

Medium exposure

6

0.3 (0.1–0.7)

 

High exposure

7

1.0 (0.4–2.5)

Xylene

Case-Control Study

Gérin et al., 1998

Male residents of Montreal, Canada

 

 

Low exposure

35

0.8 (0.5–1.1)

 

Medium exposure

16

1.0 (0.5–1.8)

 

High exposure

3

0.8 (0.2–3.2)

Unspecified Mixtures of Organic Solvents

Cohort Study—Incidence

Anttila et al., 1995

Finnish workers monitored for exposure

 

 

Halogenated hydrocarbons

5

0.73 (0.24–1.71)

Cohort Studies—Mortality

Steenland and Palu, 1999

US painters and other union members

 

Painters

166

1.23 (1.05–1.43)

 

20 years since membership

146

1.25 (1.06–1.47)

 

Nonpainters

22

0.74 (0.46–1.11)

 

20 years since membership

19

0.84 (0.51–1.31)

 

Poisson regression comparing painters with nonpainters:

 

 

Rate ratio

166

1.77 (1.13–2.77)

 

Rate ratio, ≥20 years since membership

146

1.55 (0.96–2.51)

Greenland et al., 1994

White male US transformer-assembly workers

NA

1.21 (0.49–2.98)

 

Solvents, ever exposed

 

Garabrant et al., 1988

Aircraft-manufacturing workers in California

 

 

Entire cohort

17

1.26 (0.74–2.03)

 

25–29 years of employment

2

2.66 (0.32–9.50)a

 

30+ years of employment

1

2.45 (0.06–13.59)a

Matanoski et al., 1986

US painters and allied tradesmen union members

48

1.06 (0.78–1.41)

Morgan et al., 1981

Male US paint and coatings manufacturers, employed >1 year

16

0.98

Walker et al., 1993

Shoe-manufacturing workers in Ohio, potentially exposed

7

0.99 (0.40–2.05)

 

Males

4

0.87 (0.24–2.25)

 

Females

3

1.20 (0.25–3.51)



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