Reference

Study Population

Exposed Cases

Estimated Relative Risk (95% CI)

Ritz, 1999

White male US uranium-processing plant workers

 

 

Trichloroethylene, cutting fluids, or kerosene

12

1.27 (0.66–2.22)

 

Trichloroethylene—light exposure

 

 

>2 years, no latency

6

1.81 (0.49–6.71)

 

>2 years, 15-year latency

4

2.29 (0.42–12.5)

 

>5 years, no latency

3

1.32 (0.28–6.17)

 

>5 years, 15-year latency

3

5.41 (0.87–33.9)

 

Trichloroethylene—moderate exposure

 

 

>2 years, no latency

1

3.26 (0.37–28.9)

 

>2 years, 15-year latency

1

6.94 (0.66–73.1)

 

>5 years, no latency

1

4.52 (0.49–41.5)

 

>5 years, 15-year latency

1

14.4 (1.24–167.0)

Blair et al., 1998

Male aircraft-maintenance workers in Utah

11a

0.8 (0.2–2.2)

 

<5 unit-years

3

2.0 (0.2–19.7)

 

5–25 unit-years

4

3.9 (0.4–34.9)

 

>25 unit-years

1

0.8 (0.1–13.2)

Morgan et al., 1998

Aerospace workers in Arizona, employed >6 months

4

0.55 (0.15–1.40)

Greenland et al., 1994

White male US transformer-assembly workers, ever exposed

NA

0.93 (0.32–2.69)

Case-Control Studies

Rodvall et al., 1996

Hospital catchment-area residents of Sweden, ever exposed (gliomas)

NA

2.4 (0.9–6.4)

Heineman et al., 1994

Male residents of Louisiana, New Jersey, and Philadelphia (astrocytic brain tumors)

 

 

Ever exposed

128

1.1 (0.8–1.6)

 

Low probability

67

1.1 (0.7–1.7)

 

Medium probability

42

1.1 (0.6–1.8)

 

High probability

12

1.1 (0.5–2.8)

 

Duration of employment

 

 

2–20 years

7

1.1 (0.3–3.7)

 

21+ years

5

6.1 (0.7–143.5)

Tetrachloroethylene and Dry-cleaning Solvents

Cohort Study—Incidence

Anttila et al., 1995

Biologically monitored workers in Finland, ever exposed

2

1.15 (0.14–4.15)

Cohort Studies—Mortality

Boice et al., 1999

Aircraft-manufacturing workers in California, potential routine exposure

2

0.59 (0.07–2.14)

Blair et al., 1990

Dry-cleaning union members in Missouri

1

0.2 (0.0–1.2)

Case-Control Studies

Paulu et al., 1999

Massachusetts residents exposed through public drinking water

3

0.6 (0.1–1.7)



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