Reference

Study Population

Exposed Cases

Estimated Relative Risk (95% CI)

Fu et al., 1996

Shoe-manufacturing workers

 

 

English cohort

16

0.89 (0.51–1.45)

 

Probable solvent

4

0.68 (0.19–1.75)

 

High solvent

0

 

Florence cohort

8

2.14 (0.92–4.21)

 

Probable solvent

4

2.52 (0.69–6.44)

 

High solvent

4

2.80 (0.76–7.16)

Hunting et al., 1995

Male vehicle mechanics in the District of Columbia

 

 

Solvents or fuels, high exposure

2

9.26 (1.12–33.43)

Berlin et al., 1995

Swedish workers occupationally exposed to solvents

 

 

Mortality

4

2.3 (0.6–5.8)

Walker et al., 1993

Shoe-manufacturing workers, employed >1 month

15

1.11 (0.63–1.85)

Wong et al., 1993

Gasoline distribution workers in the United States

 

 

Land-based terminal cohort

27

0.89 (0.59–1.29)

 

Marine-based terminal cohort

16

0.70 (0.42–1.09)

Costantini et al., 1989

Male tannery workers in Tuscany, employed >6 months

5

1.64 (0.53–3.82)

Paci et al., 1989

Shoe factory workers in Italy

 

 

Total years of exposure (males)

6

4.95 (1.82–10.79)a

Garabrant et al., 1988

Aircraft manufacturing workers in California

 

 

Employed >4 years

16

0.82 (0.47–1.34)

Matanoski et al., 1986

Painters and allied tradesmen union members

44

0.93 (0.68–1.25)b

Stern et al., 1986

Male employees at a naval nuclear shipyard

 

 

Ever worked in job with solvent exposure

NA

2.32 (0.85–6.29)

 

8.59 years in a solvent job

NA

1.82 (0.93–3.58)

Wolf et al., 1981

Workers in the US rubber industry

 

 

High solvent

8

0.8 (p=0.64)

 

Medium solvent

38

1.1 (p=0.79)

 

Low solvent

23

0.6 (p=0.05)

Alderson and Rattan, 1980

Male chemical-plant workers

 

Methyl ethyl ketone plant production workers

1

2.86 (0.07–15.91)a

Chiazze et al., 1980

Male spray painters at automobile-assembly plants

2

1.13 (0.14–4.08)b

Case-Control Studies

Costantini et al., 2001

Residents of 12 areas of Italy

 

 

Painters, ever employed

10

1.7 (0.8–3.8)

Viadana and Bross, 1972

Residents of New York, Baltimore, and Minnesota

 

 

(Tri-State Leukemia Survey)

 

 

Painters, white males

 

 

15–44 years

4

2.20

 

45–64 years

12

3.29

 

65–48 years

15

2.90



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