TABLE 6.47

 

Description of Case-Control Studies of Childhood Cancer and Exposure to Organic Solvents

 

333

TABLE 6.48

 

Selected Epidemiologic Studies—Childhood Leukemia and Exposure to Organic Solvents

 

335

TABLE 6.49

 

Selected Epidemiologic Studies—Childhood Neuroblastoma and Exposure to Organic Solvents

 

337

TABLE 6.50

 

Selected Epidemiologic Studies—Childhood Brain Cancers and Exposure to Organic Solvents

 

338

TABLE 7.1

 

Gulf War Studies and Peripheral Neuropathy

 

357

TABLE 7.2

 

Peripheral Neuropathy and Organophosphorous Insecticide Exposures

 

365

TABLE 7.3

 

Peripheral Neuropathy and Solvent Exposure

 

372

TABLE 7.4

 

Gulf War Studies and Neurobehavioral Effects

 

379

TABLE 7.5

 

Neurobehavioral Effects with History of Past OP Poisoning

 

390

TABLE 7.6

 

Neurobehavioral Effects Without Past History of OP Poisoning

 

394

TABLE 7.7

 

Neurobehavioral Effects and Solvent Exposure

 

405

TABLE 7.8

 

Case-Control Studies of Parkinson’s Disease and Insecticide Exposure

 

414

TABLE 7.9

 

Parkinson’s Disease and Solvent Exposure

 

422

TABLE 7.10

 

Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (Motor Neuron Disease) and Solvents

 

425

TABLE 7.11

 

Multiple Sclerosis and Solvent Exposure

 

431

TABLE 7.12

 

Alzheimer’s Disease and Solvent Exposure

 

435

TABLE 8.1

 

Selected Epidemiologic Studies: Sperm and Semen Parameters and Exposure to Carbaryl

 

455

TABLE 8.2

 

Selected Epidemiologic Studies: Time-to-Pregnancy and Exposure to Insecticides

 

455

TABLE 8.3

 

Selected Epidemiologic Studies: Time-to-Pregnancy and Exposure to Organic Solvents

 

461

TABLE 8.4

 

Selected Epidemiologic Studies: Spontaneous Abortion and Paternal Exposure to Organic Solvents

 

468

TABLE 8.5

 

Selected Epidemiologic Studies: Congenital Malformations and Exposure to Insecticides

 

473

TABLE 8.6

 

Selected Epidemiologic Studies: Congenital Malformations and Exposure to Organic Solvents

 

477

TABLE 9.1

 

Selected Epidemiologic Studies: Aplastic Anemia and Exposure to Insecticides

 

486

TABLE 9.2

 

Selected Epidemiologic Studies: Aplastic Anemia and Exposure to Organic Solvents

 

490

TABLE 9.3

 

Selected Epidemiologic Studies: Hepatic Steatosis and Exposure to Organic Solvents

 

502

TABLE 9.4

 

Selected Epidemiologic Studies: Renal Disease and Exposure to Organic Solvents

 

508

TABLE 9.5

 

Selected Epidemiologic Studies: Systemic Rheumatic Diseases and Exposure to Organic Solvents

 

519

TABLE A.1

 

Demographic Characteristics of US Gulf War Troops

 

534

TABLE A.2

 

Most Frequent Symptoms and Diagnoses 53,835 Participants in VA Registry (1992–1997)

 

535

TABLE A.3

 

Major Studies of Gulf War Veterans’ Symptoms and Syndromes

 

538

TABLE A.4

 

Results of the Iowa Study

 

541

TABLE A.5

 

Results of the VA Study

 

542

TABLE A.6

 

VA Study Percent Distribution of Self-Reported Exposures (n=11,441)

 

543

TABLE C.1

 

Bibliographic Databases

 

566

TABLE C.2

 

Factual Databases

 

566

TABLE E.1

 

Relative Risks for Lung Cancer

 

570

TABLE F.1

 

Neurobehavioral Tests

 

579

FIGURES

FIGURE 3.1

 

Structures of organophosphorous insecticides used in Gulf War

 

41

FIGURE 3.2

 

Structure of carbaryl

 

51

FIGURE 3.3

 

Structures of a) pyrethrin I, b) permethrin, and c) d-phenothrin

 

58

FIGURE 3.4

 

Structure of lindane

 

63

FIGURE 3.5

 

Structure of DEET

 

67

FIGURE 4.1

 

Structure of a) benzene, b) toluene, and c) xylenes

 

85

FIGURE.4.2

 

Metabolic pathways of chloroform biotransformation

 

89

FIGURE 4.3

 

Structure of various alcohols

 

90

FIGURE 4.4

 

Structure of various glycols

 

91

FIGURE 4.5

 

Structure of glycol ethers and their metabolites

 

92

FIGURE 4.6

 

Structure of various esters

 

93

FIGURE 4.7

 

Basic structure of ketones

 

94



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