environmental studies and Italian from the University of Wisconsin, Madison. She has been a fellow of the National Academy of Public Administration since 1996.

Ms. Katharine L. Jacobs is a member of the faculty of the University of Arizona’s Soil, Water and Environmental Science Department. She is affiliated with the Water Resources Research Center, the Institute for the Study of the Planet Earth, and the NSF Center for Sustainability of Arid Region Hydrology and Riparian Areas (SAHRA). She was the director of the Tucson Active Management Area (AMA) of the Arizona Department of Water Resources from 1988 through 2001, and worked on statewide rural water resources issues and drought planning from 2002-2003. In 2001-2002 she worked at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration on the use of scientific information in policy and decision making. Ms. Jacobs earned her M.L.A. in environmental planning from the University of California, Berkeley. Her expertise is in groundwater management and developing practical, appropriate solutions to difficult public policy issues. She has been involved in all aspects of implementation of the Arizona 1980 Groundwater Management Act, including establishing water rights and permits; developing mandatory conservation requirements for municipal, agricultural, and industrial water users; developing plans for artificial recharge, and writing the Assured Water Supply Rules that require new subdivisions in AMAs to prove a 100 year supply of water. She served on the Synthesis Team for the U.S. National Assessment of the Consequences of Climate Variability and Change and two other NRC panels, Valuing Groundwater (1994) and Endangered Species on the Platte River (2003).

Dr. Anthony C. Janetos has been Vice President of the H. John Heinz Center for Science, Economics, and the Environment since March 2003; he joined the Center as a Senior Fellow in June 2002. Dr. Janetos also directs the Center’s Global Change program. Before coming to the Heinz Center, he served as Vice President for Science and Research at the World Resources Institute and Senior Scientist for the Land-Cover and Land-Use Change Program in NASA’s Office of Earth Science. He was also Program Scientist for NASA’s Landsat 7 mission. He was a co-chair of the U.S. National Assessment of the Potential Consequences of Climate Variability and Change and an author of the IPCC Special Report on Land-Use Change and Forestry and the Global Biodiversity Assessment. Dr. Janetos has written and spoken widely to policy, business, and scientific audiences on the need for scientific input and scientific assessment in the policymaking process and about the need to understand the scientific, environmental, economic, and policy linkages among the major global environmental issues, and the importance of keeping basic human needs in the forefront of the thinking of the environmental community. Dr. Janetos graduated magna cum laude from Harvard College with a bachelor’s degree in biology and earned a master’s degree and a Ph.D. in biology from Princeton University.

Dr. Charles D. Kolstad is the Donald Bren Distinguished Professor of Environmental Economics and Policy at the University of California, Santa Barbara, where he is jointly appointed in the Department of Economics and the Bren School of Environmental Science and Management. For the decade prior to joining UCSB in 1993 he was on the faculty of the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign. He has been a visiting professor at Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Stanford, the Catholic University of Leuven (Belgium), and the New Economic School (Moscow). He received his Ph.D. from Stanford University (1982), his M.A. from the University of Rochester and his B.S. from Bates College. His research interests have been in the area of regulation, particularly environmental regulation. Recently he has also done work on environmental valuation theory in the role of information in environmental decision making and regulation, and the role of uncertainty and learning in controlling the precursors of climate change. His past work in energy markets has focused on coal and electricity markets, including the effect of air pollution regulation on these markets. Dr. Kolstad has served on several NRC committees, including the Committee on Building a Long-Term Environmental Quality Research and Development Program in the U.S. Department of Energy and the Board on Energy and Environmental Systems.

Dr. Diana M. Liverman joined the University of Oxford as the director of the Environmental Change Institute and professor of environmental science in the School of Geography and Environment in October 2003. Dr. Liverman previously served as the director of the Center for Latin American Studies, professor of geography and regional development, and a member of the Executive Committee of the Institute for the Study of Planet Earth (ISPE) at the University of Arizona. Dr. Liverman’s research examines the social causes and consequences of environmental change, especially in Latin America. She is currently working on the impacts of climate variability and change on agriculture and water resources, and on the anthropogenic causes of changes in land use and land cover, both with a regional focus on Mexico. She also studies environmental policy relating to the U.S.-Mexico border, the functioning of transnational research institutions, and the human dimensions of climate change and variation including climate impacts and the communication of climate information to stakeholders. Dr. Liverman received her Ph.D. from University of California, Los Angeles.

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