adversely affect world agricultural and marine production, coastal habitability, biological diversity, human health, and global economic and social well-being.
The release of chlorofluorocarbons and other stratospheric ozone-depleting substances is rapidly reducing the ability of the atmosphere to screen out harmful ultraviolet radiation, which could adversely affect human health and ecological systems.
Development of effective policies to abate, mitigate, and cope with global change will rely on greatly improved scientific understanding of global environmental processes and on our ability to distinguish human-induced from natural global change.
New developments in interdisciplinary Earth sciences, global observing systems, and computing technology make possible significant advances in the scientific understanding and prediction of these global changes and their effects.
Although significant Federal global change research efforts are underway, an effective Federal research program will require efficient interagency coordination, and coordination with the research activities of State, private, and international entities.
(b) PURPOSE—The purpose of this title is to provide for development and coordination of a comprehensive and integrated United States research program which will assist the Nation and the world to understand, assess, predict, and respond to human-induced and natural processes of global change.
SEC. 102. COMMITTEE ON EARTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES.
(a) ESTABLISHMENT—The President, through the Council, shall establish a Committee on Earth and Environmental Sciences. The Committee shall carry out Council functions under section 401 of the National Science and Technology Policy, Organization, and Priorities Act of 1976 (42 U.S.C. 6651) relating to global change research, for the purpose of increasing the overall effectiveness and productivity of Federal global change research efforts.
(b) MEMBERSHIP—The Committee shall consist of at least one representative from—
The National Science Foundation;
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration;
The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration of the Department of Commerce;
The Environmental Protection Agency;
The Department of Energy;
The Department of State;
The Department of Defense;
The Department of the Interior;
The Department of Agriculture;
The Department of Transportation;
The Office of Management and Budget;
The Office of Science and Technology Policy;
The Council on Environmental Quality;
The National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences of the National Institutes of Health; and
Such other agencies and departments of the United States as the President or the Chairman of the Council considers appropriate.
Such representatives shall be high-ranking officials of their agency or department, wherever possible the head of the portion of that agency or department that is most relevant to the purpose of the title described in section 101(b).
(c) CHAIRPERSON—The Chairman of the Council, in consultation with the Committee, biennially shall select one of the Committee members to serve as Chairperson. The Chairperson shall be knowledgeable and experienced with regard to the administration of scientific research programs, and shall be a representative of an agency that contributes substantially, in terms of scientific research capability and budget, to the Program.
(d) SUPPORT PERSONNEL—An Executive Secretary shall be appointed by the Chairperson of the Committee, with the approval of the Committee. The Executive Secretary shall be a permanent employee of one of the agencies or departments represented on the Committee, and shall remain in the employ of such agency or department. The Chairman of the Council shall have the authority to make personnel decisions regarding any employees detailed to the Council for purposes of working on business of the Committee pursuant to section 401 of the National Science and Technology Policy, Organization, and Priorities Act of 1976 (42 U.S.C. 6651).