look forward to long, healthy lives, free from infectious disease … or could they? The figure below suggests quite otherwise.

Trends in infectious disease and HIV deaths in the United States: 1980–1998. Reprinted with permission from Pinner RW, Roy K, Shoemake H. Mortality from Infectious Diseases in United States, 1993–1998. Unpublished Manuscript, 2002.

SOURCE: NCHS underlying cause of death data.

THE GLOBAL BURDEN OF AIDS, TUBERCULOSIS, AND MALARIA

Efforts to reduce the global burden of infectious diseases must concentrate on AIDS, TB, and malaria. Combined, these three diseases could account for 500 million or more illnesses a year and at least 6 million deaths (WHO, 2002a).



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