ceived the Nobel Prize in 1958, has been in genetic structure and function in micro-organisms. He has a keen interest in international health and was co-chair of the previous Institute of Medicine study (1990–1992) on Emerging Infections. He has been a member of the National Academy of Sciences since 1957 and is a charter member of the Institute of Medicine.

BARRY J. BEATY, PH.D., is Professor of Microbiology, Immunology, and Pathology at Colorado State University. He is a University Distinguished Professor and founder and former Director of the Arthropod-borne and Infectious Diseases Laboratory, a center of excellence in training and research in vector-borne and zoonotic diseases. Dr. Beaty’s research interests include arbovirology, vector biology, and the epidemiology and control of zoonotic diseases. He has published more than 200 scientific papers, with emphases on the genetic and molecular bases of vector-pathogen and rodent-pathogen interactions, molecular manipulation of mosquitoes, development of clinically relevant diagnostics, and investigations of novel approaches to predict and prevent zoonotic disease emergence. Dr. Beaty is a member of the National Academy of Sciences and the WHO Steering Committee on the Biology and Control of Vectors (Molecular Entomology), and is one of the Program Leaders of the MacArthur Foundation Network on the Biology of Parasite Vectors. He has numerous research and training activities ongoing in vector-borne disease endemic countries.

RUTH L. BERKELMAN, M.D., is the Rollins Professor and Director, Center for Public Health Preparedness and Research at the Rollins School of Public Health at Emory University. She came to Emory University in 2000 following 20 years with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, where she had served as an Assistant Surgeon General both in the position as Sr. Adviser to the Director, CDC, and as Deputy Director, National Center for Infectious Diseases. In the mid-1990s, she led CDC’s efforts to address the threat of emerging infectious diseases. Her career began as an Epidemic Intelligence Service (EIS) Officer, and her expertise is primarily in infectious diseases and disease surveillance. Dr. Berkelman is board certified in pediatrics and internal medicine, and is a graduate of Harvard Medical School. She is active in the Infectious Diseases Society of America and the American Epidemiologic Society, and she currently serves on the Policy and Scientific Affairs Board of the American Society of Microbiology. She also consults with the Nuclear Threat Initiative on reduction of the threat of biologic weapons.

DONALD S. BURKE, M.D., is Professor of International Health and Epidemiology and Director of the Center for Immunization Research at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. Previously he served 23



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