ELECTROMETALLURGICAL TECHNIQUES FOR DOE SPENT FUEL TREATMENT

A STATUS REPORT ON ARGONNE NATIONAL LABORATORY'S R&D ACTIVITY

Committee on Electrometallurgical Techniques for DOE Spent Fuel Treatment

Board on Chemical Sciences and Technology

Commission on Physical Sciences, Mathematics, and Applications

National Research Council

National Academy Press
Washington, D.C.
1996



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement



Below are the first 10 and last 10 pages of uncorrected machine-read text (when available) of this chapter, followed by the top 30 algorithmically extracted key phrases from the chapter as a whole.
Intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text on the opening pages of each chapter. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

Do not use for reproduction, copying, pasting, or reading; exclusively for search engines.

OCR for page R1
ELECTROMETALLURGICAL TECHNIQUES FOR DOE SPENT FUEL TREATMENT: A STATUS REPORT ON ARGONNE NATIONAL LABORATORY'S R&D ACTIVITY ELECTROMETALLURGICAL TECHNIQUES FOR DOE SPENT FUEL TREATMENT A STATUS REPORT ON ARGONNE NATIONAL LABORATORY'S R&D ACTIVITY Committee on Electrometallurgical Techniques for DOE Spent Fuel Treatment Board on Chemical Sciences and Technology Commission on Physical Sciences, Mathematics, and Applications National Research Council National Academy Press Washington, D.C. 1996

OCR for page R1
ELECTROMETALLURGICAL TECHNIQUES FOR DOE SPENT FUEL TREATMENT: A STATUS REPORT ON ARGONNE NATIONAL LABORATORY'S R&D ACTIVITY NOTICE: The project that is the subject of this report was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The members of the committee responsible for the report were chosen for their special competences and with regard for appropriate balance. This report has been reviewed by a group other than the authors according to procedures approved by a Report Review Committee consisting of members of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The National Academy of Sciences is a private, nonprofit, self-perpetuating society of distinguished scholars engaged in scientific and engineering research, dedicated to the furtherance of science and technology and to their use for the general welfare. Upon the authority of the charter granted to it by the Congress in 1863, the Academy has a mandate that requires it to advise the federal government on scientific and technical matters. Dr. Bruce Alberts is president of the National Academy of Sciences. The National Academy of Engineering was established in 1964, under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences, as a parallel organization of outstanding engineers. It is autonomous in its administration and in the selection of its members, sharing with the National Academy of Sciences the responsibility for advising the federal government. The National Academy of Engineering also sponsors engineering programs aimed at meeting national needs, encourages education and research, and recognizes the superior achievements of engineers. Dr. William A. Wulf is interim president of the National Academy of Engineering. The Institute of Medicine was established in 1970 by the National Academy of Sciences to secure the services of eminent members of appropriate professions in the examination of policy matters pertaining to the health of the public. The Institute acts under the responsibility given to the National Academy of Sciences by its congressional charter to be an adviser to the federal government and, upon its own initiative, to identify issues of medical care, research, and education. Dr. Kenneth I. Shine is president of the Institute of Medicine. The National Research Council was organized by the National Academy of Sciences in 1916 to associate the broad community of science and technology with the Academy's purposes of furthering knowledge and advising the federal government. Functioning in accordance with general policies determined by the Academy, the Council has become the principal operating agency of both the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering in providing services to the government, the public, and the scientific and engineering communities. The Council is administered jointly by both Academies and the Institute of Medicine. Dr. Bruce Alberts and Dr. William A. Wulf are chairman and interim vice chairman, respectively, of the National Research Council. Support for this project was provided by the Department of Energy. Copyright 1996 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. Available from: Board on Chemical Sciences and Technology National Research Council 2101 Constitution Avenue, NW Washington, DC 20418 Printed in the United States of America

OCR for page R1
ELECTROMETALLURGICAL TECHNIQUES FOR DOE SPENT FUEL TREATMENT: A STATUS REPORT ON ARGONNE NATIONAL LABORATORY'S R&D ACTIVITY Committee on Electrometallurgical Techniques for DOE Spent Fuel Treatment GREGORY R. CHOPPIN, Florida State University, Chair JOHN F. AHEARNE, Duke University and Sigma Xi, The Scientific Research Society MICHAEL J. APTED, QuantiSci, Inc. PATRICIA A. BAISDEN, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory SOL BURSTEIN, Wisconsin Electric Power Co. (retired) EDITH M. FLANIGEN, UOP (retired) L. EUGENE MCNEESE, Oak Ridge National Laboratory ROBERT A. OSTERYOUNG, North Carolina State University JOHN D. SHERMAN, UOP JOEL D. WILLIAMS, Los Alamos National Laboratory RAYMOND G. WYMER, Oak Ridge National Laboratory (retired) Staff DOUGLAS J. RABER, Director, BCST TAMAE M. WONG, Senior Program Officer MARIA P. JONES, Senior Project Assistant SYBIL A. PAIGE, Administrative Associate

OCR for page R1
ELECTROMETALLURGICAL TECHNIQUES FOR DOE SPENT FUEL TREATMENT: A STATUS REPORT ON ARGONNE NATIONAL LABORATORY'S R&D ACTIVITY Board on Chemical Sciences and Technology ROYCE C. MURRAY, University of North Carolina, Co-Chair JOHN J. WISE, Mobil Research and Development Corporation, Co-Chair HANS C. ANDERSEN, Stanford University DAVID C. BONNER, Westlake Group PHILIP H. BRODSKY, Monsanto Company ROBERT A. BROWN, Massachusetts Institute of Technology MARVIN H. CARUTHERS, University of Colorado GREGORY R. CHOPPIN, Florida State University MOSTAFA EL-SAYED, Georgia Institute of Technology JOANNA S. FOWLER, Brookhaven National Laboratory JUDITH C. GIORDAN, Henkel Corporation LOUIS C. GLASGOW, E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Company JOSEPH G. GORDONII, IBM Almaden Research Center VICTORIA F. HAYNES, B.F. Goodrich Company GEORGE J. HIRASAKI, Rice University GARY E. MCGRAW, Eastman Chemical Company WAYNE H. PITCHER, JR., Genencor Corporation W. HARMON RAY, University of Wisconsin GABOR A. SOMORJAI, University of California, Berkeley JOAN S. VALENTINE, University of California, Los Angeles DOUGLAS J. RABER, Director TAMAE M. WONG, Senior Program Officer MARIA P. JONES, Senior Project Assistant SYBIL A. PAIGE, Administrative Associate

OCR for page R1
ELECTROMETALLURGICAL TECHNIQUES FOR DOE SPENT FUEL TREATMENT: A STATUS REPORT ON ARGONNE NATIONAL LABORATORY'S R&D ACTIVITY Commission on Physical Sciences, Mathematics, and Applications ROBERT J. HERMANN, United Technologies Corporation, Chair PETER M. BANKS, Environmental Research Institute of Michigan SYLVIA T. CEYER, assachusetts Institute of Technology L. LOUIS HEGEDUS, Elf Atochem North America JOHN E. HOPCROFT, Cornell University RHONDA J. HUGHES, Bryn Mawr College SHIRLEY A. JACKSON, U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission KENNETH I. KELLERMANN, National Radio Astronomy Observatory KEN KENNEDY, Rice University THOMAS A. PRINCE, California Institute of Technology JEROME SACKS, National Institute of Statistical Sciences L.E. SCRIVEN, University of Minnesota LEON T. SILVER, California Institute of Technology CHARLES P. SLICHTER, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign ALVIN W. TRIVELPIECE, Oak Ridge National Laboratory SHMUEL WINOGRAD, IBM T.J. Watson Research Center CHARLES A. ZRAKET, MITRE Corporation (retired) NORMAN METZGER, Executive Director

OCR for page R1
ELECTROMETALLURGICAL TECHNIQUES FOR DOE SPENT FUEL TREATMENT: A STATUS REPORT ON ARGONNE NATIONAL LABORATORY'S R&D ACTIVITY This page in the original is blank.

OCR for page R1
ELECTROMETALLURGICAL TECHNIQUES FOR DOE SPENT FUEL TREATMENT: A STATUS REPORT ON ARGONNE NATIONAL LABORATORY'S R&D ACTIVITY CONTENTS     EXECUTIVE SUMMARY   1     INTRODUCTION   3     SPENT FUEL OPERATIONS   5     WASTE FORM DEVELOPMENT AND TESTING   6     FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATIONS   8     APPENDICES       A Committee Meeting, March 14-15, 1996, Chicago, Illinois   13     B FCF Demonstration Program, Revised Scope, January 1996   17     C ANL Monthly Highlights of the Electrometallurgical Treatment Program   18     D Current ANL Electrometallurgical Process Scheme   27     E Abbreviations Used in the Main Text of This Report   28

OCR for page R1
ELECTROMETALLURGICAL TECHNIQUES FOR DOE SPENT FUEL TREATMENT: A STATUS REPORT ON ARGONNE NATIONAL LABORATORY'S R&D ACTIVITY This page in the original is blank.