• Keep funding at appropriate levels. During the 1990s, federal agencies’ share of total R&D funds declined significantly, from approximately 40 percent of total to below 30 percent.38 Federal agencies are now trying to increase funding. The lesson to learn is that consistent federal R&D funding is more important than the micromanagement of research.


Massachusetts Institute of Technology. A Study on the Status of Women Faculty in Science at MIT. Cambridge, MA: MIT Faculty Newsletter Vol. 11(4), 1999.


Legal Citation: 49 USC Sec. 5505 (2000).


Joseph Toole. Federal Highway Administration, October 23, 2001. Personal Communication.


For Inspiration and Recognition of Science and Technology (FIRST) 2002. Available online: http://www.usfirst.org.


Linda Parker. The Engineering Research Centers Program: An Assessment of Benefits and Outcomes. Arlington, VA: NSF, 1997. Available online: http://www.nsf.gov/pubsys/ods/getpub.cfm?nsf9840.


Freeman Hrabowski III. The Meyerhoff Scholars Program: Producing High-Achieving Minority Students in Mathematics and Science. Notices of American Mathematical Society [Vol. 48(1) p. 36]. Available online: http://www.ams.org/notices/200101/comm-hrabowski.pdf [17 Oct 2002].


National Science Foundation. Science and Engineering Indicators 2002 [Figure 4-3]. Arlington, VA: NSF, 2002. Also available: http://www.nsf.gov/sbe/srs/seind02/start.htm).

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