Engineering Indicators 2002 [Appendix Table 2-34]. Arlington, VA: NSF, 2002. Available online: http://www.nsf.gov/sbe/srs/seind02/start.htm).

5  

National Science Foundation. Science and Engineering Indicators 2002 [Appendix Table 2-18], Arlington, VA: NSF, 2002. Available online: http://www.nsf.gov/sbe/srs/seind02/start.htm).

6  

Michael E. Porter and Debra van Opstal. U.S. Competitiveness 2001: Strengths, Vulnerabilities and Long-Term Priorities [p. 21]. Washington, DC: Council on Competitiveness, 2001.

7  

Ina V. S. Mullis, Michael O. Martin, Albert E. Beaton, Eugenio J. Gonzalez, Dana L. Kelly, and Teresa A. Smith. Mathematics and Science Achievement in the Final Year of Secondary School: IEA’s Third International Mathematics and Science Study [pp. 1-10]. Boston, MA: Center for the Study of Testing, Evaluation, and Educational Policy, 1998

8  

“The combined doctoral S&E degrees of the three largest European countries (Germany, France, and the United Kingdom) recently surpassed the number of U.S. earned degrees.” (National Science Foundation. Science and Engineering Indicators 2002 [p. 2-42 & Appendix Table 2-40], Arlington, VA: NSF, 2002. Available online: http://www.nsf.gov/sbe/srs/seind02/start.htm).

9  

“Universities within five Asian countries are now producing more engineering doctorates than universities within the United States. The gap is even larger, since half of the U.S. degrees are earned by foreign students, the majority of whom are Asian.” (National Science Foundation. Science and Engineering Indicators 2002 [p. 2-41 & Appendix Table 2-33 and 2-39]. Arlington, VA: NSF, 2002. Available online: http://www.nsf.gov/sbe/srs/seind02/start.htm).

10  

The National Academies. Science, Technology and the Federal Government: National Goals for a New Era [Chapter 1]. Washington, DC: National Academy Press, 1993.

11  

Growth in H1B visas is documented in the following: National Science Foundation. Science and Engineering Indicators 2002 [Appendix Table 2-26]. Arlington, VA: NSF, 2001. Available online: http://www.nsf.gov/sbe/srs/seind02/start.htm).



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