Minorities in the Chemical Workforce: Diversity Models that Work

A Workshop Report to the Chemical Sciences Roundtable

Chemical Sciences Roundtable

Board on Chemical Sciences and Technology

Division of Earth and Life Studies

NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES

THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS
Washington, D.C.
www.nap.edu



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Minorities in the Chemical Workforce: Diversity Models that Work - A Workshop Report to the Chemical Sciences Roundtable Minorities in the Chemical Workforce: Diversity Models that Work A Workshop Report to the Chemical Sciences Roundtable Chemical Sciences Roundtable Board on Chemical Sciences and Technology Division of Earth and Life Studies NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS Washington, D.C. www.nap.edu

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Minorities in the Chemical Workforce: Diversity Models that Work - A Workshop Report to the Chemical Sciences Roundtable THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS 500 Fifth Street, N.W. Washington, DC 20001 NOTICE: The project that is the subject of this report was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The members of the committee responsible for the report were chosen for their special competences and with regard for appropriate balance. This study was supported by the Research Corporation under Grant No. GG0066, the Camille and Henry Dreyfus Foundation under Grant No. SG-00-094 and SG-02-025, the National Institutes of Standards and Technology, Grant No. NA1341-01-W-1098, the U.S. Department of Defense under Grant No. MDA-972-01-M-0038, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency under Grant No. R-82823201, the National Science Foundation under Grant No. CHE-000778, the National Institutes of Health under Contract No. N01-OD-4-2139, and the U.S. Department of Energy under Grant No. DE-FG02-95ER14556. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the organizations or agencies that provided support for the project. International Standard Book Number 0-309-08539-X A limited number of copies of the report are available from the Board on Chemical Sciences and Technology, 500 Fifth Street, NW, Washington, DC 20001 Additional copies of this report are available from the National Academies Press, 500 Fifth Street, N.W., Box 285, Washington, DC 20055; (800) 624-6242 or (202) 334-3313 (in the Washington metropolitan area); http://www.nap.edu Copyright 2003 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. Printed in the United States of America

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Minorities in the Chemical Workforce: Diversity Models that Work - A Workshop Report to the Chemical Sciences Roundtable THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES Advisers to the Nation on Science, Engineering, and Medicine The National Academy of Sciences is a private, nonprofit, self-perpetuating society of distinguished scholars engaged in scientific and engineering research, dedicated to the furtherance of science and technology and to their use for the general welfare. Upon the authority of the charter granted to it by the Congress in 1863, the Academy has a mandate that requires it to advise the federal government on scientific and technical matters. Dr. Bruce M. Alberts is president of the National Academy of Sciences. The National Academy of Engineering was established in 1964, under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences, as a parallel organization of outstanding engineers. It is autonomous in its administration and in the selection of its members, sharing with the National Academy of Sciences the responsibility for advising the federal government. The National Academy of Engineering also sponsors engineering programs aimed at meeting national needs, encourages education and research, and recognizes the superior achievements of engineers. Dr. Wm. A. Wulf is president of the National Academy of Engineering. The Institute of Medicine was established in 1970 by the National Academy of Sciences to secure the services of eminent members of appropriate professions in the examination of policy matters pertaining to the health of the public. The Institute acts under the responsibility given to the National Academy of Sciences by its congressional charter to be an adviser to the federal government and, upon its own initiative, to identify issues of medical care, research, and education. Dr. Harvey V. Fineberg is president of the Institute of Medicine. The National Research Council was organized by the National Academy of Sciences in 1916 to associate the broad community of science and technology with the Academy’s purposes of furthering knowledge and advising the federal government. Functioning in accordance with general policies determined by the Academy, the Council has become the principal operating agency of both the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering in providing services to the government, the public, and the scientific and engineering communities. The Council is administered jointly by both Academies and the Institute of Medicine. Dr. Bruce M. Alberts and Dr. Wm. A. Wulf are chair and vice chair, respectively, of the National Research Council. www.national-academies.org

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Minorities in the Chemical Workforce: Diversity Models that Work - A Workshop Report to the Chemical Sciences Roundtable CHEMICAL SCIENCES ROUNDTABLE Alexis T. Bell, Chair, University of California, Berkeley Mary L. Mandich, Vice Chair, Bell Laboratories Paul Anastas, Office of Science & Technology Policy Michael R. Berman, Air Force Office of Science Research Michelle V. Buchanan, Oak Ridge National Laboratory Leonard J. Buckley, Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency Donald M. Burland, National Science Foundation Thomas W. Chapman, National Science Foundation F. Fleming Crim, University of Wisconsin Michael P. Doyle, Research Corporation Bruce A. Finlayson, University of Washington Joseph S. Francisco, Purdue University Ned D. Heindel, Lehigh University Carol J. Henry, American Chemistry Council Michael J. Holland, Office of Science and Technology Policy Andrew Kaldor, ExxonMobil Corporate Strategic Research William H. Kirchhoff, U.S. Department of Energy Flint Lewis, American Chemical Society Tobin J. Marks, Northwestern University Parry M. Norling, RAND Nancy L. Parenteau, Amaranth Bio, Inc. Eli M. Pearce, Polytechnic University Edwin P. Przybylowicz, Eastman Kodak (retired) David R. Rea, E.I. DuPont de Nemours & Co. (retired) Geraldine Richmond, University of Oregon Michael E. Rogers, National Institutes of Health Peter J. Stang, University of Utah Ellen B. Stechel, Ford Motor Co. Jeanette M. Van Emon, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Frankie Wood-Black, ConocoPhillips Staff Jennifer J. Jackiw, Program Officer Sybil A. Paige, Administrative Associate Douglas J. Raber, Senior Scholar David C. Rasmussen, Program Assistant Shawn P. Robertson, National Research Council Intern Eric L. Shipp, Postdoctoral Associate

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Minorities in the Chemical Workforce: Diversity Models that Work - A Workshop Report to the Chemical Sciences Roundtable BOARD ON CHEMICAL SCIENCES AND TECHNOLOGY Alice P. Gast, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Co-chair William Klemperer, Harvard University, Co-chair Arthur I. Bienenstock, Stanford University A. Welford Castleman, Jr., Pennsylvania State University Andrea W. Chow, Caliper Technologies Corp. Thomas M. Connelly, Jr., E. I. du Pont de Nemours & Co. Jean de Graeve, Institut de Pathologie, Liège, Belgium Joseph M. DeSimone, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, and North Carolina State University Catherine C. Fenselau, University of Maryland, College Park Jon Franklin, University of Maryland, College Park Mary L. Good, University of Arkansas, Little Rock Richard M. Gross, Dow Chemical Company Nancy B. Jackson, Sandia National Laboratories Sangtae Kim, Eli Lilly and Company Thomas J. Meyer, Los Alamos National Laboratory Paul J. Reider, Amgen, Inc. Arnold F. Stancell, Georgia Institute of Technology Robert M. Sussman, Latham & Watkins John C. Tully, Yale University Chi-Huey Wong, The Scripps Research Institute Staff Jennifer J. Jackiw, Program Officer Christopher K. Murphy, Program Officer Sybil A. Paige, Administrative Associate Douglas J. Raber, Senior Scholar David C. Rasmussen, Program Assistant Eric L. Shipp, Postdoctoral Associate Dorothy Zolandz, Director

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Minorities in the Chemical Workforce: Diversity Models that Work - A Workshop Report to the Chemical Sciences Roundtable Preface The Chemical Sciences Roundtable (CSR) was established in 1997 by the National Research Council (NRC). It provides a science-oriented, apolitical forum for leaders in the chemical sciences to discuss chemically related issues affecting government, industry, and universities. Organized by the NRC’s Board on Chemical Sciences and Technology, the CSR aims to strengthen the chemical sciences by fostering communication among the people and organizations—spanning industry, government, universities, and professional associations—involved with the chemical enterprise. The CSR does this primarily by organizing workshops that address issues in chemical science and technology that require national attention. The topic of “Minorities in the Chemical Workforce: Diversity Models that Work” was selected by the CSR in response to concerns in the chemical sciences community about diversity in chemistry and chemical engineering. There is general recognition that future success of the chemical enterprise will require the full participation of all demographic groups, but such participation has not been achieved. After years of discussions on this topic, a workshop was planned for March 2002. The workshop on Minorities in the Chemical Workforce: Diversity Models that Work brought together leaders in chemistry and chemical engineering from government, industry, academia, and the not-for-profit sector to gather information and explore approaches that would optimize participation by the full range of intellectual talent in the chemical workforce. Its primary focus was to expose the participants, primarily chemists and chemical engineers from all sectors, to examples of successful efforts to recruit and retain minorities—at the undergraduate level, in graduate programs, and in the chemical workforce. The focus was practical and realistic needs of institutions and opportunities for minorities in the chemical sciences. The workshop explored opportunities and challenges for transferring the prior successes into a variety of new settings in which those trained in the chemical sciences are employed.

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Minorities in the Chemical Workforce: Diversity Models that Work - A Workshop Report to the Chemical Sciences Roundtable The papers in this volume are the authors’ own versions of their presentations, and the discussion comments were taken from a transcript of the workshop. In accord with the policies of the CSR, the workshop did not attempt to establish any conclusions or recommendations about needs and future directions, focusing instead on issues identified by the speakers. Joseph S. Fransico and Isiah M. Warner Workshop Organizers

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Minorities in the Chemical Workforce: Diversity Models that Work - A Workshop Report to the Chemical Sciences Roundtable Acknowledgment of Reviewers This workshop report has been reviewed in draft form by individuals chosen for their diverse perspectives and technical expertise, in accordance with procedures approved by the NRC’s Report Review Committee. The purpose of this independent review is to provide candid and critical comments that will assist the institution in making its published report as sound as possible and to ensure that the report meets institutional standards for objectivity, evidence, and responsiveness to the study charge. The review comments and draft manuscript remain confidential to protect the integrity of the deliberative process. We wish to thank the following individuals for their review of this report: James D. Burke, Rohm and Haas Company (retired) Krishna L. Foster, California State University, Los Angeles Rigoberto Hernandez, Georgia Institute of Technology W. Christopher Hollinsed, E. I. du Pont de Nemours & Co. Stanley C. Israel, Southwest Texas State University Although the reviewers listed above have provided many constructive comments and suggestions, they were not asked to endorse the content of the report nor did they see the final draft of the report before its release. The review of this report was overseen by Robert L. Lichter, who was responsible for making certain that an independent examination of this report was carried out in accordance with institutional procedures and that all review comments were carefully considered. Responsibility for the final content of this report rests entirely with the authors and the institution.

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Minorities in the Chemical Workforce: Diversity Models that Work - A Workshop Report to the Chemical Sciences Roundtable Contents     Summary   1 1   Diversity: Why Is It Important and How Can It Be Achieved? Clifton A. Poodry (National Institute of General Medical Sciences)   6 2   Preparing College Students for a Diverse Democracy Sylvia Hurtado (University of Michigan)   16 3   An HBCU Perspective Cornelia D. Gillyard and Sylvia T. Bozeman (Spelman College)   36 4   Reports from the Breakout Sessions   47 5   The Meyerhoff Undergraduate Scholars Program Michael F. Summers (University of Maryland, Baltimore County)   52 6   The Imperative for Leaders and Organizations Steven F. Watkins (Louisiana State University)   66 7   Beating the Odds: Preparing Minorities for Research Careers in the Chemical Sciences Freeman A. Hrabowski, III (University of Maryland, Baltimore County)   84 8   Reports from the Breakout Sessions   93

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Minorities in the Chemical Workforce: Diversity Models that Work - A Workshop Report to the Chemical Sciences Roundtable 9   Diversity in the Industrial R&D Workforce: Challenges and Strategies D. Ronald Webb (Procter & Gamble)   106 10   Recruiting and Advancing Minority Scientists: Doing It Right James D. Burke (Rohm and Haas—retired)   124 11   General Discussion   136     Closing Remarks   149     Appendixes         A Workshop Participants   153     B Biographical Sketches of Workshop Speakers   156     C Origin of and Information on the Chemical Sciences Roundtable   160