puberty, age at, 21, 23, 119, 126, 153, 158, 262, 274

secondary sexual characteristics, 111-112, 117

senescence, 173-174

sexual behavior, general, 4, 19, 49, 52, 117, 119

Agriculture

evolutionary anthropology, 10, 171, 182, 185-186, 187-188, 192-198

horticulture, 10, 185-186, 187-188, 189, 206

AIDS, 20, 32, 314

Amino acids, 106, 108

gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH), 106, 107, 108

oxytocin (OT), 7, 94-95, 96, 99-100

Androgens, 111, 115, 116, 119, 120, 121

see also Testosterone

dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA), 119, 261-273 (passim), 276, 277-279

Animal studies, 15, 140-169, 302

see also Baboons;

Macaques;

Primates, nonhuman

age factors, 11-12, 140-164 (passim)

evolutionary anthropology, 10, 11

see also Life history theory

hormonal factors, 114, 115, 123

longevity, 2, 8-9, 140, 145-146

male puberty, 261, 264-265, 279

male testes size, 260-261

mating patterns, 92, 93, 97, 155

neurology of pair bonding, 7, 92-93, 95, 96-99, 100

parental investment, 172, 178, 182

sexually antagonistic coevolution, 11, 29, 225-234, 240-241, 244, 251

stress, 126-127

Anorexia nervosa, 123-124

Anthropology, 2, 9-12, 13, 15, 170-223, 265, 289

see also Agriculture;

Life history theory;

Racial/ethnic factors;

Sociocultural factors

foraging and hunting, 170-171, 174, 179-188 (passim), 198, 199, 213, 305, 309, 334, 338

historical perspectives, 10, 142, 192-213

medical science, 175, 199, 207-208

mortality, 141-142, 173, 175, 176, 180-182, 183, 188, 193, 199, 204-205, 210, 297

baboons, 145-148, 149, 150, 156, 160, 161

chimpanzees, 180, 181

infant mortality, 148, 149, 150, 156, 160, 161, 199

juvenile, 298, 299

sexual behavior, 195, 341

socioeconomic status, 199-202, 210, 212

Antisocial behavior, 313

family size and, 19

hormonal factors, 127, 302

neurochemistry of pair bonding, 98

twin studies, 26

Arginine vasopressin (AVP), 95-96, 99

Assisted conception, 19, 31

fertility drugs, 18, 19, 106, 108

Assortative mating, 26, 29

Attitudes and beliefs, vii, 1, 6, 48-49, 52, 348

see also Antisocial behavior, Behavioral genetics;

Decision making;

Depression;

Sociocultural factors

contraceptive use, 121

dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA), 264, 269, 276

male pubertal maturation, 262

risk taking, 11, 15, 22, 34-35, 190, 268, 272-273

sexual behavior, 115-116, 252

twin studies, 23-24, 75

Autism, 18, 22, 100

AVP, see Arginine vasopressin

B

Baboons, 8-9, 127, 141, 142, 143-164, 310

Behavioral genetics, 1, 2, 4-6, 7, 15, 18-45, 46-57, 261-262, 339, 342-347

see also Genetic factors;

Molecular genetics;

Twin studies

autism, 19

courtship, 5, 240-241

employment, 31

ethical research, 4, 35-38, 39



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