E
Acronyms


ADEOS

Advanced Earth Observation Satellite

ADM

Atmospheric Dynamics Mission

AFGWC

Air Force Global Weather Center

AIRS

Atmospheric Infrared Radiation Sounder

ALADIN

Atmospheric Laser Doppler Instrument

AMSU

Advanced Microwave Sounder Unit

AO

Announcement of Opportunity

APS

Aerosol Polarimetry Sensor

ASCAT

Advanced Scatterometer

ASOS

Automated Surface Observing System

ATMS

Advanced Technology Microwave Sounder

AWS

Air Weather Service


CALIPSO

Cloud-Aerosol Lidar and Infrared Pathfinder Satellite Observations

CERSAT

Centre ERS d’Archivage et de Traitement

CMIS

Conical Microwave Imager/Sounder

CNES

Centre National d’Etudes Spatiales

COSMIC

Constellation Observing System for Meteorology, Ionosphere, and Climate

CRD

Capstone Requirements Document

CrIS

Cross-track Infrared Sounder



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E Acronyms ADEOS Advanced Earth Observation Satellite ADM Atmospheric Dynamics Mission AFGWC Air Force Global Weather Center AIRS Atmospheric Infrared Radiation Sounder ALADIN Atmospheric Laser Doppler Instrument AMSU Advanced Microwave Sounder Unit AO Announcement of Opportunity APS Aerosol Polarimetry Sensor ASCAT Advanced Scatterometer ASOS Automated Surface Observing System ATMS Advanced Technology Microwave Sounder AWS Air Weather Service CALIPSO Cloud-Aerosol Lidar and Infrared Pathfinder Satellite Observations CERSAT Centre ERS d’Archivage et de Traitement CMIS Conical Microwave Imager/Sounder CNES Centre National d’Etudes Spatiales COSMIC Constellation Observing System for Meteorology, Ionosphere, and Climate CRD Capstone Requirements Document CrIS Cross-track Infrared Sounder

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DIAL Differential Absorption Lidar DMSP Defense Meteorological Satellite Program DMSP (SPO) DMSP Systems Program Office DOD Department of Defense DORIS Doppler Orbitography and Radiopositioning Integrated by Satellite EADM European Atmospheric Dynamics Mission ECMWF European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts EDR environmental data record EIS Earth Information System EMC Environmental Modeling Center ENVISAT Environmental Satellite EOS Earth Observing System EPA Environmental Protection Agency ERS European Remote Sensing satellite ESA European Space Agency ESE Earth Science Enterprise ESSA Environmental Science Services Administration ESSP Earth System Science Pathfinder EUMETSAT European Organization for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites EXCOM Executive Committee FAA Federal Aviation Administration GAO General Accounting Office GEOS Goddard Earth Observing System GIFTS Geosynchronous Imaging Fourier Transform Spectrometer GIFTS-IOMI GIFTS Indian Ocean METOC (Meteorology and Oceanography) Imager GMES Global Monitoring for Environmental Security GOES Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite GOES-NEXT Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite–Next Generation GPM Global Precipitation Measurement GPS Global Positioning System GPS/MET Global Positioning System/Meteorology GPSOS Global Positioning System Occultation Sensor GRACE Gravity and Climate Experiment GSFC Goddard Space Flight Center

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HIRS High-resolution Infrared Radiation Sounder IASI Interferometer Atmospheric Sounding Instrument ICESat Ice, Clouds, and Land Elevation Satellite IFREMER French Research Institute for Exploitation of the Sea IORD Integrated Operational Requirements Document IPO Integrated Program Office IRinfrared ITO Interagency Transition Office ITOS Improved TIROS Operational Satellite IV&V Independent Verification and Validation JCSDA Joint Center for Satellite Data Assimilation JHT Joint Hurricane Testbed lidar light detection and ranging LIS Lightning Imaging Sensor LLWAS Low-Level Wind Shear Alert System LMS Lightning Mapper Sensor METOP Meteorological Operational Polar satellites of EUMETSAT MHS Microwave Humidity Sounder MNS Mission Needs Statement MODIS Moderate-resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer MOU Memorandum of Understanding MSU Microwave Sounding Unit NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration NASDA National Space Development Agency of Japan NCAR National Center for Atmospheric Research NCDC National Climate Data Center NCEP National Centers for Environmental Prediction NESDIS National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service (NOAA) NESS National Environmental Satellite Service NHC National Hurricane Center Nimbus NASA environmental research satellite series NMC National Meteorological Center NMP New Millennium Program NOAA National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

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NOAA SEC NOAA Space Environment Center NOMSS National Operational Meteorological Satellite System NPOESS National Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System NPP NPOESS Preparatory Project NRC National Research Council NRO National Reconnaissance Office NROSS Navy Remote Ocean Sensing System NSCAT NASA Scatterometer NSF National Science Foundation NWP Numerical Weather Prediction NWS National Weather Service OFCM Office of the Federal Coordinator for Meteorology OLS Operational Linescan System OMB Office of Management and Budget OMPS Ozone Mapping and Profiler Suite ORD Operational Requirements Document OSE Observing System Experiment OSIPOperational Satellite Improvement Program OSTM Ocean Surface Topography Mission OTAOffice of Technology Assessment OTD Optical Transient Detector PI principal investigator PMR Pressure-Modulator Radiometer POES Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite QuikSCAT Quick Scatterometer QuikTOMS Quick Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer R&D research and development RCA Radio Corporation of America RMS root mean square RO radio occultation S3 Satellite Surface Stress SAR synthetic aperture radar SASS Seasat-A Satellite Scatterometer SCAMS Scanning Microwave Spectrometer

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SDR sensor data record SDRR System Definition and Risk Reduction SE&TD Systems Engineering and Technical Direction SeaWiFS Sea-viewing Wide Field-of-view Sensor SEC Space Environment Center SEI Special Events Imager SESS Space Environment Sensor Suite SIRS Solar Infrared Radiation Station SMOP OR Operational Requirement for Satellite Measurement of Oceanographic Parameters SPO System Program Office SSM/I Special Sensor Microwave/Imager SXI Solar X-ray Imager SXT Solar X-ray Telescope TDRS Tracking and Data Relay Satellite TDWR Terminal Doppler Weather Radar TIROS Television Infrared Observation Satellite TMI TRMM Microwave Imager TOMS Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer TOPEX Ocean Topography Experiment TOS TIROS Operational System TOVS TIROS Operational Vertical Sounder TRMM Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission USAF U.S. Air Force USDA U.S. Department of Agriculture USGS U.S. Geological Survey USWRP U.S. Weather Research Program UW University of Wisconsin UV ultraviolet VAS VISSR Atmospheric Sounder VHRR/AVHRR Very High Resolution Radiometer/Advanced VHRR VIIRS Visible/Infrared Imager/Radiometer Suite VIRS Visible Infrared Scanner VISSR Visible and Infrared Spin Scan Radiometer VOLCAM Volcanic Ash Mapper VTPR Vertical Temperature Profile Radiometer

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WSOA Wide Swath Ocean Altimeter WSR88-D Weather Surveillance Radar-1988 Doppler