views and their strategies for, and difficulties encountered in, implementing and monitoring compliance with these five international labor standards.

At the forums, which were held in New York and Los Angeles in September 2002, each of the panelists made 20-minute presentations. At the conclusion of each morning and afternoon session, there was a question-and-answer period during which the moderator, panelists, and public attendees could ask questions.

In order to provide the most accurate and detailed account of what was said at the two forums, this report contains a separate section for each of the 25 speakers. Although this organization benefits the reader by clearly delineating the thoughts of each speaker and by providing a complete picture of each presentation, it may make it more difficult to discern the emergent themes and to compare the differing viewpoints of the speakers across topic areas. In order to overcome this gap, the report begins with a summary discussion of five significant topics that emerged from the forums. These five topics—codes of conduct, compliance, monitoring, reporting, and the National Academies database—are of primary relevance to the committee’s charge and have been singled out for special treatment at the beginning of the report.

Following a summary discussion of the five topics are the details of the individual presentations, organized into three chapters that reflect the three types of organizations that were involved in the forums—trade unions, employers, and NGOs. For each of the individual presentations, the report briefly describes the speaker’s organization, outlines the key points he or she made, and then summarizes the presentation itself. Finally, the report includes summaries of the question-and-answer sessions for both forums. Five appendices present additional background material.

Although members of the Committee on Monitoring International Labor Standards identified speakers to attend the forums, they did not participate in writing this summary. This summary does not contain any deliberations, conclusions, or recommendations of the committee.

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