Kevin Bales is director of Free the Slaves, the U.S. sister organization of Anti-Slavery International (the world’s oldest human rights organization), and Professor of Sociology at the University of Surrey Roehampton in London. His book Disposable People: New Slavery in the Global Economy, published in 1999, was nominated for the Pulitzer Prize and has been published in nine other languages. Archbishop Desmond Tutu called it “a well researched, scholarly and deeply disturbing exposé of modern slavery.” Bales’s work won the Premio Viareggio for services to humanity in 2000, and the documentary based on his work won the Peabody Award for 2000. He is a trustee of Anti-Slavery International and a consultant to the United Nations Global Program on Trafficking of Human Beings. Bales has been invited to advise the U.S., British, Irish, Norwegian, and Nepali governments, as well as the governments of the Economic Community of West African States, on the formulation of policy on slavery and human trafficking. He gained his Ph.D. at the London School of Economics. He is currently editing an Anti-Human Trafficking Toolkit for the UN, working with the chocolate industry to remove child and slave labor from the product chain, and writing on contemporary slavery (see, for example, his feature article in the April 2002 Scientific American).

Lance A. Compa (author of workshop paper) has been a senior lecturer at the New York State School of Industrial and Labor Relations at Cornell University since 1997. He teaches courses and conducts research on international and U.S. labor law. One large research project led to the publication of his most recent book, Unfair Advantage: Workers’ Freedom of Asso ciation in the United States under International Human Rights Standards (Human Rights Watch, August 2000). He has investigated the impacts of international trade and investment on workers and trade unions, and researched and developed policy positions linking labor rights with trade policies. From 1995 to 1997, he was the first director of Labor Law & Economic Research at NAFTA Labor Secretariat. In this position, he directed a staff of lawyers and economists from the United States, Canada, and Mexico in comparative studies of labor law and labor markets. Earlier, he held legal and managerial positions with two trade unions. He received his J.D. from Yale Law School and is a member of the Massachusetts bar. He has published many articles in academic journals as well as books, monographs, book reviews, and opinion pieces.

Anthony Giles is the director of research of the Secretariat of the CLC. The

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