• research and development on methods of processing SNF that produce much less radioactive waste than the PUREX process.

In light of the terrorist attacks that have occurred in the last few years, it is worth reiterating one of the above areas for collaboration, for emphasis. Russia and the United States should prioritize working together to protect nuclear facilities from thefts of nuclear materials and from terrorist acts. The threats are present and the dangers are significant, so action should be taken without delay.

These activities require significant resources. Because funds as well as knowledgeable people are limited, resources should be allocated to the most critical problems first.

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