In the absence of additional information from other surveys or from field research, the E&S survey data cannot by themselves prove whether racial differences in assignment to special education or other aspects of schooling that are addressed by the survey are the result of discrimination or constitute violations of students’ civil rights. Indeed, the survey was never intended to be used as the sole source of information about discrimination.

The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement