References and Bibliography


Abt Associates. (1993). Prospects: The congres-sionally mandated study of educational growth and opportunity. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Education.

Adelman, C. (1999). Answers in the toolbox: Academic intensity attendance patterns, and bachelor’s degree attainment. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Education.

The Advancement Project and The Civil Rights Project. (2000). Opportunities suspended: The devastating consequences of zero tolerance and school discipline policies. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University, The Civil Rights Project.

American Educational Research Association, American Psychological Association, and The National Council on Measurement in Educa-tion. (1999). Standards for educational and psychological testing. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

American Federation of Teachers. (2001). Making standards matter, 2001. Washington, DC: Author.


Babcock, P.S. (2002). Achievement disrupted: An exploration of achievement indicators and student performance. Paper presented at the National Research Council meeting of the Committee on Improving Measures of Access to Equal Educational Opportunity, August 12– 13, Woods Hole, MA.

Balfanz, R., McPartland, J., and Shaw, A. (2002). Reconceptualizing extra help for high school students in a high standards era (Report No. ED-99-CO-0160). Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Education, Office of Vocational and Adult Education.

Braddock, J.H., Sokol-Katz, J., and Greene A. (2002). Uneven playing fields: State variations in boy’s and girl’s access to and participation in high school interscholastic sports. Paper presented at the National Research Council meeting of the Committee on Improving Measures of Access to Equal Educational Opportunity, August 12–13, Woods Hole, MA.


Carey, N., Rowland, C., and Farris, E. (1998). State survey on racial and ethnic classifications (NCES 98-034). Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Education, Office of Educa-tional Research and Improvement .

Carmona, L.A., Wheelock, M.A., and First, J. (1998). A gathering storm: How Palm Beach County schools fail poor and minority children. Boston: National Coalition of Advocates for Students.

Clark, K.B. (1963). Prejudice and your child, 2nd edition. Boston: Beacon Press.

Coleman, J. (1975). Trends in school segregation, 1968–1973 (Paper #722-03-01 ed.). Washing-ton, DC: The Urban Institute.

Council of Chief State School Officers. (2000). Executive summary of state student assessment programs. Washington, DC: Author.

Council of Economic Advisers. (2000). Economic report of the President transmitted to the Congress, together with the annual report of the Council of Economic Advisers. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Croninger, R., and Douglas, K. (2002). The prevalence of high-stakes testing in U.S. public elementary and secondary schools: Consequences for children of color. Paper presented at the



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References and Bibliography Abt Associates. (1993). Prospects: The congres-sionally mandated study of educational growth and opportunity. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Education. Adelman, C. (1999). Answers in the toolbox: Academic intensity attendance patterns, and bachelor’s degree attainment. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Education. The Advancement Project and The Civil Rights Project. (2000). Opportunities suspended: The devastating consequences of zero tolerance and school discipline policies. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University, The Civil Rights Project. American Educational Research Association, American Psychological Association, and The National Council on Measurement in Educa-tion. (1999). Standards for educational and psychological testing. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. American Federation of Teachers. (2001). Making standards matter, 2001. Washington, DC: Author. Babcock, P.S. (2002). Achievement disrupted: An exploration of achievement indicators and student performance. Paper presented at the National Research Council meeting of the Committee on Improving Measures of Access to Equal Educational Opportunity, August 12– 13, Woods Hole, MA. Balfanz, R., McPartland, J., and Shaw, A. (2002). Reconceptualizing extra help for high school students in a high standards era (Report No. ED-99-CO-0160). Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Education, Office of Vocational and Adult Education. Braddock, J.H., Sokol-Katz, J., and Greene A. (2002). Uneven playing fields: State variations in boy’s and girl’s access to and participation in high school interscholastic sports. Paper presented at the National Research Council meeting of the Committee on Improving Measures of Access to Equal Educational Opportunity, August 12–13, Woods Hole, MA. Carey, N., Rowland, C., and Farris, E. (1998). State survey on racial and ethnic classifications (NCES 98-034). Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Education, Office of Educa-tional Research and Improvement . Carmona, L.A., Wheelock, M.A., and First, J. (1998). A gathering storm: How Palm Beach County schools fail poor and minority children. Boston: National Coalition of Advocates for Students. Clark, K.B. (1963). Prejudice and your child, 2nd edition. Boston: Beacon Press. Coleman, J. (1975). Trends in school segregation, 1968–1973 (Paper #722-03-01 ed.). Washing-ton, DC: The Urban Institute. Council of Chief State School Officers. (2000). Executive summary of state student assessment programs. Washington, DC: Author. Council of Economic Advisers. (2000). Economic report of the President transmitted to the Congress, together with the annual report of the Council of Economic Advisers. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office. Croninger, R., and Douglas, K. (2002). The prevalence of high-stakes testing in U.S. public elementary and secondary schools: Consequences for children of color. Paper presented at the

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