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NOTICE: The project that is the subject of this report was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The members of the committee responsible for the report were chosen for their special competences and with regard for appropriate balance.

This study was supported by Contract No. O-OPC-21952 Task Order One between the National Academy of Sciences and the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the organizations or agencies that provided support for the project.

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Cover: Background: Share of home mortgage applications in Atlanta, Georgia without race-ethnicity information, 1999. Pattern confirms that nondisclosure rates are highest in predominantly African-American neighborhoods. SOURCE: Wyly, E. K., and S. R. Holloway. 2002. The Disappearance of Race in Mortgage Lending. Economic Geography 78(2):129-163

Top left: Urban rowhouse in Washington, D.C. SOURCE: Monica Lipscomb, Washington, D.C.

Center left: GIS made available via community data centers can engage citizens in urban and regional planning as demonstrated by this photograph. SOURCE: Photodisc stock photos, Technology at Work. Copyright 1999 CORBIS.

Bottom right: Examples of data layer overlays including (from top to bottom) land ownership, demographics, transportation and aerial imagery. SOURCE: National States Geographic Information Council and Federal Geographic Data Committee. nd. Using Geography to Advance the Business of Government: The Power of Place to Support Decision Making. CD-ROM. Washington, D.C.: NSGIC.

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