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Appendix A Committee Biographies Edward M. Hundert, Co-Chair, has been President of Case Western Reserve University since August 2002. He was previously Dean of the School of Medicine and Dentistry and Professor of Psychiatry and Medical Humanities at the University of Rochester. For the 3 years before his appointment as Dean in 2000, Dr. Hundert was the University of Rochester's Senior Associate Dean for Medical Education. In that capacity, he led the effort of the medical school's faculty and students to create the Double Helix Curriculum a sweeping integration of the basic and clinical sciences across the 4-year medical school experience. During the years before he came to Rochester, Dr. Hundert served as Associate Professor of Psychiatry and Associate Dean for Student Affairs at Harvard Medical School, as well as Assistant Director of Psychiatric Residency Training at McLean Hospital. He taught medical ethics and psychiatry in the curriculum, and was active in ethics as Chairman of the Ethics Committees of both McLean Hospital and the Massachusetts Psychiatric Society. His pioneering research on the informal curriculum in medical education helped shape the national discussion of professionalism in medicine. Dr. Hundert was voted the faculty member who did the most for the class by the Harvard Medical School graduating class for 6 successive years. Mary Wakefield, Co-Chair, is Director, Center for Rural Health, at the University of North Dakota School of Medicine and Health Sciences. Previously, Dr. Wakefield served as Professor and Director of the Center for Health Policy and Ethics at George Mason University and as Chief of Staff for two United States Senators. During her tenure on Capitol Hill, she co-chaired the Senate Rural Health Caucus Staff Organization. In this capacity, she was directly involved with a wide range of rural health policy issues, including recruitment and retention of health care providers, reimbursement, emergency services, telemedicine, rural research, and interdisciplinary education. Dr. Wakefield serves on many health-related advisory boards, and in March 1997 was appointed to 145

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HEALTH PROFESSIONS EDUCATION President Clinton's Advisory Commission on Consumer Protection and Quality in the Health Care Industry. In 1999, Dr. Wakefield was appointed by the U.S. Comptroller General to a 3-year term on the Medicare Payment Advisory Commission, which is responsible for advising the U.S. Congress on the Medicare program. In June 1999, she was appointed to the Advisory Committee to the Office of Rural Health Policy, Department of Health and Human Services. Dr. Wakefield has previously served as a member of the Institute of Medicine's (IOM) technical panel on Communication of Quality of Care Information, the Committee on Quality of Health Care in America, and the subcommittees on Community Effects of Uninsured Populations and Building the 21 st Century Health System. J. Lyle Bootman is Dean and Professor of Pharmacy, Medicine, and Public Health at The University of Arizona College of Pharmacy. He is also the founder and Executive Director of The University of Arizona Center for Health Outcomes and PharmacoEconomic Research, one of the first such centers developed in the world. Dr. Bootman is a former President of the American Pharmaceutical Association. He has received numerous awards for outstanding scientific achievement, most notably from the American Association of Pharmaceutical Scientists and the American Pharmaceutical Association. He has also received the George Archambault Award, the highest honor given by the American Society of Consultant Pharmacists, and the Latiolais Honor Medal, the highest honor in managed health care. His research regarding the outcomes of drug-related morbidity and mortality receives worldwide attention by the professional and public media. He serves as an advisor to leading pharmaceutical companies, universities, and health care organizations throughout the world. In 199S, Dr. Bootman was elected to the IOM, where he currently serves on the Board of Health Care Services. Christine K. Cassel (IOM) is Dean of the School of Medicine at Oregon Health and Science University. She is Chairman of the Henry L. Schwarz Department of Geriatrics and Adult Development and Professor of Geriatrics and Internal Medicine at the Mount Sinai Medical Center. She joined Mount Sinai in 1995 after 10 years as Chief of General Internal Medicine at the University of Chicago, where she was also Professor of Medicine and Public Policy Studies; Chief of the Section on General Internal Medicine; Director of the Center on Aging, Health, and Society; Director of the Center for Health Policy Research; and George M. Eisenberg Professor of Geriatrics. Dr. Cassel is past President of the American College of Physicians and past Chair of the American Board of Internal Medicine. In 1997-199S, she was a member of the President's Advisory Commission on Consumer Protection and Quality in the Health Care Industry. She chairs the boards of trustees of the American Board of Internal Medicine, The Greenwall Foundation, and the Ethics Advisory Panel for the Kaiser Permanente Health System. She is also a trustee of the Russell Sage Foundation. Dr. Cassel has served on several IOM committees, most recently as Chair of the Committee on Care at the End of Life. William Ching is a student at the New York University School of Medicine. His research focuses on mechanisms of development of molecular specialization at the node of Ranvier during myelination in the mammalian nervous system. He is the medical student/resident physician representative to the Council on Graduate Medical Education, an advisory council of the U.S. DepaWnent of Health and Human Services. He has served in various leadership roles in organized medicine, including the executive boards of the Medical Society of the State of New York and the New York County Medical Society, as well as the House of Delegates of the American Medical Association (AMA). He has been involved in efforts to achieve universal access to health care, co-founding the Children's Health 146

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APPENDIX A Insurance Initiative of the AMA Medical Student Section. Marilyn P. Chow is Vice President, Patient Care Services, California Division, for Kaiser Permanente. She is also Program Director for The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Executive Nurse Fellows Program. Previously, Ms. Chow was Vice President, Patient Care Services, for Summit Medical Center, and Dean for Clinical Affairs, Samuel Merritt College, in Oakland, California. She was appointed by the mayor to the San Francisco City and County Social Services Commission and served as its president for 2 years. Ms. Chow is recognized for her expertise in the regulation of nursing practice, workforce policy, and primary care. She has received several awards, including the American Nurses Association's (ANA) Ethnic Minority Women's Honors in Public Health and the University of California, San Francisco, School of Nursing's Distinguished Alumni Award. Ms. Chow is currently a member of the National Advisory Council on Nurse Education and Practice, the Hartford Institute for Geriatric Nursing, the editorial advisory board of Nurse Week, and the California Office of Statewide Health Planning's Technical Advisory Committee. She is also a fellow of the AAN, and was recently appointed as the At-Large Nursing Representative to the Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations' Board ofthe Commissioner. Stephen N. Collier is Director of the Center for Health Policy and Workforce Research and Professor of Health Science at Towson University, where he served for 9 years as Dean of the College of Health Professions. Previously, he was President and John Hilton Knowles Professor of Health Policy at the Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) Institute of Health Professions, a graduate degree-granting institution affiliated with MGH. He has also held faculty and administrative positions at the University of Alabama at Birmingham and Georgia State University. His current work focuses on workforce policy and studies primarily in the health professions other than medicine, with an emphasis on the allied health professions and occupations that constitute approximately one- third of the health care workforce. He has served as chairman of the Commission on Health and Human Services for the Southern Regional Education Board, a 1 6-state educational policy organization on whose board sits the governor of each of the member states, and as chairman of the State Policy Task Force for the Pew Health Professions Commission. A fellow of the Association of Schools of Allied Health Professions (ASAHP), he has held fellowships as an Education Policy Fellow with the Institute for Educational Leadership and a Kellogg/ASAHP Health Policy Fellow. Dr. Collier has a Ph.D. in political science. John D. Crossley is Vice President for Operations and Nursing Practice and Head, Division of Nursing, at the University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, where he is responsible for all patient care and support service operations needed to deliver and manage care in the inpatient setting. His prior . . . . experience 1nc uces serving In nursmg executive roles at University Hospitals of Cleveland, The University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics, and Thomas Jefferson University Hospital; as emergency department nurse manager at Johns Hopkins; and as critical care staff nurse at the University of Michigan Medical Center. He has presented original research on the nurse executive role, its relation to institutional governing bodies, and implications for nurse executives. While at University Hospitals of Cleveland, Dr. Crossley was Executive Director of The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation/Pew Charitable Trust Strengthening Hospital Nursing grant. He is a member of the National Advisory Council on Nurse Education and Practice of the Health Resources and Services Administration, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Dr. Crossley was recently named to the Oncology Nursing Society Steering Council. He is a 147

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HEALTH PROFESSIONS EDUCATION consultant to the University of Texas System, Center of Excellence Grant for Patient Safety, Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. Robert S. Gallon is Director of Global Health Care for General Electric. He is in charge ofthe design and performance of GE's health programs, totaling more than $2 billion annually, as well as being responsible for GE's medical services, which encompass more than 1 million visits in GE clinics in over 20 countries. Dr. Galvin has focused on issues of market- based health policy and financing, with a special interest in developing a business case for quality. He is a past member of the Strategic Framework Board and a current member of the Strategic Advisory Committee to the National Quality Forum. He is currently on the Board of the National Committee for Quality Assurance and is Vice-Chairman of the Washington Business Group on Health. He is a founding member of the Leapfrog Group, sponsored by the Business Roundtable in Washington, D.C. Dr. Galvin has published widely on issues affecting the purchaser side of health care and is an Associate Professor Adjunct of Medicine at Yale, where he directs a seminar series on the private sector for The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Clinical Scholars fellowship. He is a fellow of the American College of Physicians. Carl J. Getto is Senior Vice President for Medical Affairs/Associate Dean for Hospital Affairs of the University of Wisconsin Hospital and Clinics. He has previously been Dean and Provost at Southern Illinois University School of Medicine, Professor of Psychiatry and Vice Dean at the University of Wisconsin (UW) Medical School, and Associate Dean/Director of Clinical Affairs at the UW Hospital and Clinics in Madison. He currently serves as Chair of the Council on Graduate Medical Education. His administrative experience at UW included serving as Acting Dean of the Medical School, Acting Chair of the Department of Psychiatry, Director ofthe university's pain treatment program, and Director of the Psychiatry Consultation Service for both UW and Middleton Veterans Administration Hospital. In November 2000, Dr. Getto was appointed to chair the Governor's Task Force on Medical Errors. Robin Ann Harvan is Director of the Office of Education of the University of Colorado Health Sciences Center (UCHSC). She has extensive experience in the design, development, implementation, and evaluation of curricula and instructional materials, with emphases in ethics education and communication in health and medicine. Before coming to UCHSC, she was Associate Professor and Chair of the Department of Interdisciplinary Studies at the University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey (UMDNJ) and Director of the Graduate Program in Health Professions Education, sponsored jointly by UMDNJ and Seton Hall University-College of Education and Human Services. Dr. Harvan has held numerous leadership positions in professional organizations related to health professions education and has contributed significantly to the field through her publications and national presentations. Polly Johnson is Executive Director of the North Carolina Board of Nursing. She is administrator of the Nurse Licensure Compact in North Carolina and a member of the compact administrators group for those states implementing this new licensure model for multistate practice. Prior to her appointment as Executive Director, she served as Practice Consultant with the Board and as Associate Director of Practice. Ms. Johnson has held nursing administration positions in tertiary-level care, as well as in home health. Her administrative activities have included the development and implementation of practice standards, quality assurance programs, and patient classification and productivity systems, as well as personnel and fiscal management. In addition, she has experience as a clinical nurse specialist and program coordinator in an 148

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APPENDIX A ambulatory care setting, in which she designed and implemented interdisciplinary clinical programs in several specialty areas. Ms. Johnson holds an adjunct academic appointment in the School of Nursing, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. She chaired the Unlicensed Assistive Personnel Task Force at the National Council of State Boards of Nursing in 1997-1998 and presently serves on other regulatory advisory panels. She also serves on several statewide task forces related to health care for the citizens of North Carolina. She is a frequent presenter at both the state and national levels on nursing regulation for the 21 st century. Robert L. Johnson (IOM) is Professor and Chair of Pediatrics, Director of Adolescent and Young Adult Medicine, and Professor of Psychiatry at the University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, New Jersey Medical School. Dr. Johnson's interest and activities focused on adolescents have resulted in his participation in a multitude of local, state, and national organizations. He has also served as a member ofthe boards of many organizations whose activities are directed at the adolescent. He has published widely and conducts an active schedule of teaching, research, and clinical practice at the New Jersey Medical School. Dr. Johnson has previously served as an IOM committee member for the Immunization Finance Dissemination Workshop and is a member of the Health Care Services Board. David Leach is Executive Director, Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education. He is certified in internal medicine and endocrinology, and underwent additional training in pediatric endocrinology. His work is focused primarily on chaordic organizations, the teaching of improvement skills, and the aligning of accreditation with emerging health care practices. Dr. Leach is past Assistant Dean at the University of Michigan, primarily directing the Henry Ford Health System experiences for Michigan students, and Director of Medical Education at Henry Ford, playing a role in the affiliation between that institution and Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine. While at Case Western University, Dr. Leach was instrumental in implementing an innovative curriculum for medical residents, which was recognized and supported by The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation and the Pew Charitable Trust Partnerships. He was awarded the Good Samaritan Award by Governor John Engler for his work over 25 years at a free clinic in Detroit. Judy Goforth Parker is Professor in the Department of Nursing at East Central University. She is also a member and current co-chair of the National Advisory Council on Nursing Education and Practice (NACNEP), member of the AIDS Advisory Board of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, member of the Joint NACNEP and Continuing Graduate Medical Education Committee, and member of the National Tribal Diabetes Advisory Workgroup of the Indian Health Service. She is a past grant reviewer for the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Division of Nursing. She is a legislator for the Chickasaw Nation and has devoted much of her work to improving the quality of health care for Indians with diabetes. Joseph E. Scherger (IOM) is Dean of the College of Medicine at Florida State University in Tallahassee. Dr. Scherger came to FSU from the University of California-Irvine College of Medicine, where he was Associate Dean for Primary Care and Professor and Chair of the Department of Family Medicine. His many years practicing medicine include serving as a migrant health physician in the National Health Service Corps, running his private practice in California, and serving as Vice President for Family Practice and Primary Care Education at Sharp HealthCare in San Diego. Dr. Scherger is a past fellow in the Kellogg National Fellowship Program, in which he focused on health care reform and quality of life. His awards include Family Physician of the Year by 149

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HEALTH PROFESSIONS EDUCATION the American Academy of Family Physicians; Outstanding Clinical Instructor in the School of Medicine at the University of California, Davis; the Thomas W. Johnson Award for Family Practice Education; and the AAMC Humanism in Medicine Award. He is a past President of the Society of Teachers of Family Medicine and currently serves on the Board of Directors of the American Board of Family Practice and the Society of Teachers of Family Medicine. Dr. Scherger was elected to the IOM in 1992 and served as a member of the IOM committee studying Quality of Health Care in America and the subcommittee on Building the 21 st Century Health System. Joan Shaver is currently Professor and Dean, College of Nursing, at the University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC). At UIC, she serves as Co-Director for the National Center of Excellence in Women's Health Research Core. Formerly at the University of Washington School of Nursing, Dr. Shaver was Professor and Department Chair, Co-Director of the Center for Women's Health Research, and Faculty Liaison Director for an academia/ corporate partnership for older adult care though the School of Nursing. Dr. Shaver has conducted funded research in women's health for over 15 years. She and her team were among the first to study sleep problems as part of menopause transition. Dr. Shaver has an abiding interest in nursing advancement, leadership development, and the shaping of health systems. Through the UIC Nursing Institute, she and colleagues bring leaders together across various health care sectors for the annual Power of Nursing Leadership event. She has served as consultant to the University of Hong Kong, as well as to novice investigators from, and as program reviewer for, several universities. She is a fellow at the American Academy of Nursing and a member of Sigma Theta Tau International. David Swankin is President and CEO of the Citizen Advocacy Center. He is also a partner in the law firm of Swankin and Turner. Mr. Swankin has a broad background in both government and public interest advocacy. He has provided legal services to numerous public interest and professional organizations, including the National Association of Consumer Agency Administrators, the National Consumers League, and the Consumer Federation of America. Previously, Mr. Swankin was a Deputy Assistant Secretary at the U.S. Department of Labor. He was the first Executive Director of the White House Of lice of Consumer Affairs. He was also a member of the original National Advisory Council to the Consumer Product Safety Commission. He served as a Commissioner on the Pew Health Professions Commission during 1997 and 1998. Mr. Swankin is the recipient of the 1999 Lillian D. Terris Award for Distinguished Board Service in enhancing public and professional understanding of the missions of credentialing organizations and the meaning associated with professional credentials. 150

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