determines the direction of science and technology. It is obvious that human will cannot determine faith nor the ethical direction of science and technology using science and technology alone. Therefore, humans need other factors in addition to the experimental sciences.
The important factor is practical wisdom in Islamic education. It means “being aware of what man’s behavior or non-obligatory acts should be.” Practical wisdom is the opposite of theoretical wisdom. Theoretical wisdom talks about “to be and not to be.” In practical wisdom, the center of the study is “must and must not.” There are four main characteristics of practical wisdom:
It describes only human beings.
It works only on non-obligatory acts of man.
It deals only with “must and must not” in the non-obligatory area.
It addresses only absolute subjects.
We should not forget that the “must and must not” that comprise moral values are not considered observational, or things that can be proved through logical comparison. The source of “must and must not” is man’s nature. As this nature is absolute, so are the moral values. There is no difference between the essence and the nature of the original and the modern man, and there is no evidence showing that such a difference could occur in the future. Therefore, science and technology cannot make a prosperous future for man without consideration of ethics.