Such an approach could be the basis for flexible customization of new technologies and their melding with on-the-ground knowledge.

OPPORTUNITIES FOR INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION

  • The Iranian and U.S. academies could cooperatively mount the approaches suggested above. Modules could be incrementally expanded to other countries. Scientist-to-scientist exchanges could provide the sinews and contact points for mounting workshops and roundtables and ensuring that they are ongoing endeavors and not one-time events.

  • Twinning of cities for collaboration on particular types of environmental issues could support local self-governance and care for the environment. For example, Isfahan and Albuquerque have similar issues with water, desert environment, and urban preservation together with industrial development. Ahwaz or Khoranshahr and Houston have similar challenges with regulation of the petrochemical industry—documenting cancer rates, regulating maritime activities in the ports, and reducing pollution. Tehran and Washington have sharp inequalities of wealth and class leading to disparities in the resolution of environmental problems, as well as interference in municipal self-governance by the national government when dealing with environmental issues.



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