other U.S.-Iran workshops and the results of the Johannesburg international conference on sustainable development.

  1. The academies should consider promotion of a network of Centers for Research on the Cultivation of Human Values. As a first step, a new center in Tehran might be linked with a center in the United States that already carries out relevant research projects.

  2. The academies should consider joint assessments of the ethical aspects of the development of specific new technologies that are likely to emerge during the next 10 years. As a starting point, the NAE could provide the Iranian Academy of Sciences with its recent reports on emerging technologies.

  3. The academies should consider working together to promote models for international development that are culturally appropriate for different societies. Standard development models promoted by the United Nations Development Programme and other well-known organizations do not adequately take into account ethical considerations and therefore can discourage organizations and specialists from enthusiastic participation in these development activities.

  4. The academies should jointly consider a sequence of case studies in Iran and the United States that demonstrate the similarities and differences in addressing ethical issues associated with specific problems of national interest. For example, American specialists might take the lead in reviewing the Iranian approaches to controlling air pollution, and Iranian specialists might take the lead in reviewing the U.S. approaches to controlling air pollution from petrochemical plants. These specialists would then jointly consider the ethical issues involved in the two cases.

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