Appendix A
Chronology of Selected Developments and Events in East Timor

POLITICAL DEVELOPMENTS AND THE ESTABLISHMENT OF GOVERNMENT

April 25, 1974: Revolution of the Red Carnations in Portugal allows the process of decolonization and the establishment of political parties in East Timor.

August 12, 1975: Coup d'état by the Christian Democratic Union of Timor (UDC) starts a fratricidal war between UDC followers and Revolutionary Front of Independent East Timor (FRETILIN) supporters.

November 28, 1975: Proclamation of the independence of the Democratic Republic of Timor Leste by FRETILIN.

December 7, 1975: Indonesian army forces invade East Timor.

July 17, 1976: Indonesian President Soharto signs the bill of integration incorporating East Timor as Indonesia's 27th province.

1975-1999: Struggle for independence initially under the leadership of FRETILIN and from 1987 under the National Council of the Maubere Resistance (CNRM) followed by the National Council of Timorese Resistance (CNRT) from 1998. The armed struggle is carried out by National



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Initial Steps in Rebuilding the Health Sector in East Timor Appendix A Chronology of Selected Developments and Events in East Timor POLITICAL DEVELOPMENTS AND THE ESTABLISHMENT OF GOVERNMENT April 25, 1974: Revolution of the Red Carnations in Portugal allows the process of decolonization and the establishment of political parties in East Timor. August 12, 1975: Coup d'état by the Christian Democratic Union of Timor (UDC) starts a fratricidal war between UDC followers and Revolutionary Front of Independent East Timor (FRETILIN) supporters. November 28, 1975: Proclamation of the independence of the Democratic Republic of Timor Leste by FRETILIN. December 7, 1975: Indonesian army forces invade East Timor. July 17, 1976: Indonesian President Soharto signs the bill of integration incorporating East Timor as Indonesia's 27th province. 1975-1999: Struggle for independence initially under the leadership of FRETILIN and from 1987 under the National Council of the Maubere Resistance (CNRM) followed by the National Council of Timorese Resistance (CNRT) from 1998. The armed struggle is carried out by National

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Initial Steps in Rebuilding the Health Sector in East Timor September 15, 2001: Inauguration of the Constituent Assembly of East Timor. September 20, 2001: Establishment of the Second Transitional Government of East Timor and its Council of Ministers. March 22, 2002: Approval of the Constitution of the Democratic Republic of East Timor by the Constituent Assembly representatives in plenary session. May 20, 2002: East Timor proclaims its independence. SELECTED DEVELOPMENTS IN THE HEALTH SECTOR, 2000-2001 February 16, 2000: Establishment of the Interim Health Authority (IHA) by UNTAET. April 2000: First Joint Donor Mission led by the World Bank and IHA. August 2000: The IHA evolves into the Division of Health Services (DHS) following the formation of the First Transitional Government of East Timor and the associated East Timor Transitional Administration (ETTA). November 2000: Second Joint Donor Mission for the health sector. May 2001: Third Joint Donor Mission for the health sector. September 20, 2001: Dr. Rui Maria de Araujo is appointed as the first minister of health of East Timor following the establishment of the Second Transitional Government.

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Initial Steps in Rebuilding the Health Sector in East Timor   September 15, 2001: Inauguration of the Constituent Assembly of East Timor. September 20, 2001: Establishment of the Second Transitional Government of East Timor and its Council of Ministers. March 22, 2002: Approval of the Constitution of the Democratic Republic of East Timor by the Constituent Assembly representatives in plenary session. May 20, 2002: East Timor proclaims its independence. SELECTED DEVELOPMENTS IN THE HEALTH SECTOR, 2000–2001 February 16, 2000: Establishment of the Interim Health Authority (IHA) by UNTAET. April 2000: First Joint Donor Mission led by the World Bank and IHA. August 2000: The IHA evolves into the Division of Health Services (DHS) following the formation of the First Transitional Government of East Timor and the associated East Timor Transitional Administration (ETTA). November 2000: Second Joint Donor Mission for the health sector. May 2001: Third Joint Donor Mission for the health sector. September 20, 2001: Dr. Rui Maria de Araujo is appointed as the first minister of health of East Timor following the establishment of the Second Transitional Government.