Click for next page ( 104


The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement



Below are the first 10 and last 10 pages of uncorrected machine-read text (when available) of this chapter, followed by the top 30 algorithmically extracted key phrases from the chapter as a whole.
Intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text on the opening pages of each chapter. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

Do not use for reproduction, copying, pasting, or reading; exclusively for search engines.

OCR for page 103
References Adriaanse, A., S. Bringezu, A. Hammond, Y. Moriguchi, E. Rodenburg, D. Rogich, and H. Schutz. 1997. Resource Flows: The Material Basis of Industrial Economies. Washington, D.C.: World Resources Institute, 66 pp. Allenby, B., J. Ciccarelli, I. Artaki, J.R. Fisher, D. Schoenthaler, T.A. Carroll, A.M. Lyons, D.W. Dahringer, Y. Degani, T.E. Graedel, J.T. Plewes, R.S. Freund, C. Gherman, H. Solomon, C. Melton, G. C. Munie, and N. Socolowski. 1992. An Assessment of the Use of Lead in Electronic Assembly. Northbrook, Ill.: IPC-Association Connecting Electron- ics Industries, 37 pp. Appleby, A.J. 1999. The electrochemical engine for vehicles. Scientific American 281~1~: 74-79. Brown, III, W.M., G.R. Matos, and D.E. Sullivan, eds. 2000. Materials and Energy Flows in the Earth Science Century: A Summary of a Workshop held by the USGS in November 1998. USGS Circular 1194. Denver, Colo.: U.S. Geological Survey, 71 pp. Bureau of Economic Analysis. 1999. Interactive Access to Input-Output Accounts Data. Washington, D.C: Department of Commerce. Available at: . Bureau of Economic Analysis. 2003. BEA's Economic Accounts. Washington, D.C.: Depart- ment of Commerce. Available at: . Costanza, R., C. Neill, S.G. Leibowitz, J.R. Fruci, L.M. Bahr, Jr., and J.W. Day, Jr. 1983. Eco- logical Models of the Mississippi Deltaic Plain Region: Data Collection and Presenta- tion. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, 340 pp. de Cerreno, A.L.C., M. Pancero, and S. Boehme. 2002. Pollution Prevention and Manage- ment Strategies for Mercury in the New York/New Jersey Harbor. New York: New York Academy of Sciences, 47 pp. Dorfman, M.H., and M. Wise. 1997. Tracking Toxic Chemicals: The Value of Materials Ac- counting Data. New York: INFORM, Inc., 80 pp. Dyer, C.K. 1999. Replacing the battery in portable electronics. Scientific American 281~1~: 88-93. EIA (Energy Information Agency). 2002a. Monthly Energy Review: December 2002. Wash- ington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Energy, 46 pp. 103

OCR for page 103
04 MATERIALS COUNT EIA. 2002b. Annual Energy Review 2001. Washington, D.C: U.S. Department of Energy, 429 pp. Available at: . Elvidge, C.D., K.E. Baught, E.A. Kihn, H.W. Kroehl, E.R. Davis, and C. Davis. 1997. Relation between satellite observed visible-near infrared emissions, population, economic activity, and electric power consumption. International Journal of Remote Sensing, 18(6):1373-1379. EPA (Environmental Protection Agency). 1988. National Survey of Solid Waste (Municipal) Landfill Facilities. Washington, D.C.: EPA, 74 pp. EPA. 1990. Characterization of Municipal Wastes in the United States: 1990 Update. EPA- 530-SW-90-042. Washington, D.C.: EPA, 130 pp. EPA. 1992. Characterization of Municipal Wastes in the United States: 1992 Update. EPA- 530-R-92-019. Washington, D.C.: EPA, 135 pp. EPA. 2003. EPA Toxic Release Inventory Program. Available at: . European Parliament and the Council of the European Union. 2002. Sixth Community Envi- ronment Action Programme. Decision No. 16/2002/EC. July 22. Available at: . Eurostat. 2001. Economy-Wide Material Flow Accounts and Derived Indicators: A Method- ological Guide. Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Commu- nities, 92 pp. Fitch, ICBA, Duff & Phelps, LLC. 2001. GASB 34: A New Look and New Tools for Municipal Credit Analysis. New York: Fitch IBCA, 6 pp. Gediga, J., H. Beddies, H. Florin, M. Schuckert, K. Saur, and R. Hoffmann. 1998. Life-cycle engineering of a three-way catalyst system as an approach for government consulta- tion. Pp. 477481 in 1998 Proceedings of the Total Life Cycle Conference, Graz, Austria, December 1998. Warrendale, Pa.: Society of Automotive Engineers. Graedel, T.E., and B.R. Allenby. 1995. Industrial Ecology. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice Hall, 416 pp. Graedel, T.E., D. van Beers, M. Bertram, K. Fuse, R.B. Gordon, A. Gritsinin, A. Kapur, R. Klee, R. Lifset, L. Memon, H. Rechberger, S. Spatari, and D. Vexler. 2003. The multiscale cycle of anthropogenic copper. Environmental Science & Technology, submitted. Grubler, A. 1998. Technology and Global Change. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 462 pp. Hannon, B. 1973. The structure of ecosystems. Journal of Theoretical Biology 41: 53546. Hegedas, L.L., and J.J. Gumbleton. 1980. Catalysts, computers, and cars: A growing symbio- sis. Chemtech 10: 630-642. H. J. Heinz III Center for Science, Economics and the Environment. 2002. The State of the Nation's Ecosystems: Measuring the Lands, Waters, and Living Resources of the United States. New York: Cambridge University Press, 220 pp. Howard, J.K. 1997. The U.S. Timber Production, Trade, Consumption, and Price Statistics 1965-1997. USDA Forest Service General Technical Report FPL-GTR-116. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Forest Service, 76 pp. Available at: . Institute of Scrap Recycling Industries. 2001. Mercury rising. Scrap (Sept/Oct): 3242. International Trade Administration. 1995. U.S. Industrial Outlook. Available at: . Isard, W., C.L. Choguill, J. Kissin, R.H. Seyfarth, and R. Tatlock. 1972. Ecologic-Economic Analysis for Regional Development. New York: The Free Press, 170 pp. ISO (International Organization for Standardization). 1997. ISO 14040: Environmental Man- agement Life Cycle Assessment Principles and Framework. Geneva, Switzerland: ISO, 12 pp.

OCR for page 103
REFERENCES 105 Japanese Environmental Agency. 1992. Quality of the Environment in Japan 1992. Tokyo: Japanese Environmental Agency, 85 pp. Kimbrough, D., P. Wong, J. Biscoe, and J. Kim. 1996. A critical review of photographic and radiographic silver recycling. Journal of Solid Waste Technology and Management 23(4): 197-207. Kleijn, R., R. Huele, and E. van der Voet. 2000. Dynamic substance flow analysis: The delay- ing mechanism of stocks, with the case of PVC in Sweden. Ecological Economics 32: 241-254. Lebow, S. 1993. Leaching of Wood Preservative Components and Their Mobility in the En- vironment: Summary of Pertinent Literature. General technical report FPL-GTR-93. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Agriculture, 36 pp. Levin, S.A., B. Grenfell, A. Hastings, and A.S. Perelson. 1997. Mathematical and computa- tional challenges in population biology and ecosystems science. Science 275~5298~: 334- 343. Lindeman, R.L. 1942. The trophic-dynamic aspect of ecology. Ecology 23~4~: 399418. Llewellyn, T.O. 1992. Cadmium Materials Balance. Washington, D.C.: Bureau of Mines, 20 PP Matos, G., and L. Wagner. 1998. Consumption of materials in the United States, 1900-1995. Annual Review of Energy and the Environment 23~1~: 107-122. Matthews, E., C. Amann, S. Bringezu, M. Fischer-Kowalski, W. Huttler, R. Kleijn, Y. Moriguchi, C. Ottke, E. Rodenburg, D. Rogich, H. Schandl, H. Schutz, E. van der Voet, and H. Weisz. 2000. The Weight of Nations: Material Outflows from Industrial Econo- mies. Washington, D.C.: World Resources Institute, 126 pp. Mlynarski, K.W. 2000. Survey methods for nonfuel minerals. Pp. 2.1-2.4 in USGS Mineral Yearbook. Reston, Va.: U.S. Geological Survey. Moriguchi, Y. 2002. Material flow analysis and industrial ecology studies in Japan. Pp. 301- 310 in R. Ayres and L. Ayres, eds., A Handbook of Industrial Ecology. Northhampton, Mass.: Edward Elgar. Moriguchi, Y., ed. 2003. Material Flow Data Book: World Resource Flows around Japan, Second Edition. CGER-D033-2003. Toyko: National Institute for Environmental Stud- ies, 41 pp. Available at: . Non-Ferrous Metals Sustainable Development Forum. 2002. Report on Policy Making, Non- Ferrous Metals and Life Cycle Studies. Science, Research and Development Working Group, Subgroup on Life Cycle Assessment. Available at: . NSF (National Science Foundation) Advisory Committee for Environmental Research and Education. 2003. Complex Environmental Systems: Synthesis for Earth, Life, and Soci- ety in the 21st Century. Arlington, Va.: NSF, 80 pp. Norris, G.A. 1998. Direct and Upstream Emissions of Carbon Dioxide from Fossil Fuel Com- bustion: An Input/Output-based Assessment and Comparison of Sectors in the U.S. Economy. Research Project 159614 for National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, Colo. Patterson, M.G. 2002. Ecological production based pricing of biosphere processes. Ecologi- cal Economics 41~2002~: 457478. President's Materials Policy Commission (Paley Commission). 1952. Resources for Freedom, 5 volumes. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 819 pp. Reid, R. 1999. High tech, low grade recycling. Scrap 56~3~: 76-80. Rejeski, D. 1998. Mars, materials, and three morality plays: Materials flows and environmen- tal policy. Journal of Industrial Ecology 1~4~: 13-18.

OCR for page 103
06 MATERIALS COUNT Shimoda, Y., Y. Takahara, and M. Mizuno. 2002. Estimation and impact assessment of en- ergy flow in urban area. Pp. 727-730 in Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on EcoBalance, Tsukuba, Japan, November 6-8, 2002. Tokyo: Society of Non-Traditional Ecology. Spencer, V.E. 1978. Raw materials in the United States Economy 1900-1977. Technical Paper 47. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Bureau of Mines, 98 pp. .. Steurer, A. 1992. Stoffstrombilanz Osterreich 1988 (Substance Flow Balance for Austria). Schriftenreihe Soziale Okologie Band 26. Vienna: Universitaten Wien, Instituts fur interdisziplinare Forschung und Fortbildung. Stilwell, D.E., and K.D. Gorny. 1997. Contamination of soil with copper, chromium, and arsenic under decks built from pressure treated wood. Bulletin of Environmental Con- tamination and Toxicology 58~1~: 22-29. United Nations. 2003. Official UN Website for the Johannesburg Summit 2002. Available at: . USDA (U.S. Department of Agriculture). 2003. Agricultural Statistics. Available at: . U.S. Bureau of the Census. 1997. Materials Summary 1997. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Depart- ment of Commerce, 153 pp. USBM (U.S. Bureau of Mines). 1989. The New Materials Society, Volume I: New Materials Market and Issues. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 141 pp. USBM. 1990. The New Materials Society, Volume II: New Materials Science and Technology. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 274 pp. USBM. 1991. The New Materials Society, Volume III: Material Shifts in the New Society. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 147 pp. USGBC (United States Green Building Council). 2003. Homepage. Available at: . USGS (U.S. Geological Survey). 2001. Obsolete Computers, "Gold Mine," or High-Tech Trash? Resource Recovery from Recycling. Fact Sheet 060-01. Reston, Va.: USGS, 4 pp. USGS. 2002a. Mineral Commodity Summaries 2001. Reston, Va.: USGS, 197 pp. Available at: . USGS. 2002b. Minerals Yearbook. Available at: . USGS. 2003a. Fluorspar Statistics and Information. Available at: http://minerals. usgs.gov/ minerals/pubs/commodity/fluorspar>. USGS. 2003b. Mineral Commodity Summaries. Reston, Va.: USGS, 197 pp. Available at: . U.S. Interagency Working Group on Industrial Ecology, Material and Energy Flow. 2000. Industrial Ecology Material and Energy Flows in the United States. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 95 pp. van Beers, D., and T.E. Graedel. 2003. The magnitude and spatial distribution of in-use cop- per in Cape Town. South African Journal of Science 99~1/2~: 61-74. Wagner, L.A. 2002. Materials in the Economy: Materials Flows, Scarcity, and the Environ- ment. Circular 1221. Reston, Va: U.S. Geological Survey, 34 pp. Wilburn, D.R., and T.G. Goonan. 1998. Aggregates from Natural and Recycled Sources: Eco- nomic Assessments for Construction Applications A Materials Flow Analysis. USGS Circular 1176. Reston, Va.: U.S. Geological Survey, 40 pp. World Business Council for Sustainable Development. 2002. The Cement Industry Sustainability Initiative: Our Aagenda for Action. Geneva, Switzerland: World Busi- ness Council for Sustainable Development, 40 pp. World Commission on Environment and Development (Brundtland Commission). 1987. Our Common Future. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, 398 pp.