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Appendix C Detailed Classification of Material Inputs* Domestic extraction (used) Fossil fuels Hard coal Lignite (brown coal) Crude oil Natural gas Other (crude oil gas, peat for combustion, oil shale, etc.) Minerals Metal ores Iron ores Nonferrous metal ores Bauxite Copper ores Other Industrial minerals Salts Special clays Special sands Peat for agricultural use Other Construction minerals *From Table 6, Economy-Wide Material Flow Accounts and Derived Indicators: A Meth- odological Guide (Eurostat, 2001~. 117

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118 APPENDIX C Sand and gravel Crushed stones (including limestone for cement making) Common clays (for brick making, etc.) Dimension stones Other Biomass (including biomass extractedfor own final use) Biomass from agriculture Biomass from agriculture reported by harvest statistics Cereals Roots and tubers Pulses Oil crops Vegetables Fruits Tree nuts Fiber crops Other crops Biomass from agriculture as a by-product of harvest Crop residues used as fodder Straw usedfor economic purposes Biomass from grazing of agricultural animals Grazing on permanent pastures not harvested Grazing on other land (including alpine pastures) Biomass from forestry Wood Coniferous Non con iferous Raw materials other than wood Biomass from fishing Marine fish catch Inland waters (freshwater) fish catch Other (aquatic mammals and other) Biomass from hunting Biomass from other activities (honey, gathering of mushrooms, berries, herbs, etc.) Imports Raw materials Fossil fuels Minerals ilmport (and export) data should be organized at a more detailed level in parallel to the classification of domestic extraction to the extent possible, to allow aggregation.

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APPENDIX C Biomass Secondary raw materials Semimanufactured products From fossil fuels From minerals From biomass Finished products Predominantly from fossil fuels Predominantly from minerals Predominantly from biomass Other products Other products of abiotic kind Other products of biotic kind Other products national emissions ceiling Packaging material imported with products Waste importedforfinal treatment and disposal Memorandum items for balancings 119 Oxygen for combustion (of Carbon, Hydrogen, Sulfur, Nitrogen, etc.) Oxygen for respiration Nitrogen for emissions from combustion Airfor other industrial processes (liquefied technical gases, polymer- ization, etc.) Unused domestic extractions Unused extractionfrom mining and quarrying offossilfuels Unused extraction from mining and quarrying of minerals Unused biomassfrom harvest Wood harvesting losses Agricultural harvesting losses Other (discarded by-catch, etc.) Soil excavation and dredging Excavation for construction activities Dredging materials Memorandum items for balancing are not to be included when compiling indicators. 3Soil erosion could be shown as an optional memorandum item of unused domestic ex- traction and unused extraction associated with imported products but is not to be included when compiling indicators.

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120 Indirect flows associated to imports Raw material equivalent of imported products4 Fossil fuels Minerals Biomass Unused extraction of imported products3 Unused extraction from mining and quarrying of fossil fuels Unused extraction from mining and quarrying of minerals Unused biomass from harvest Soil excavation and dredging APPENDIX C 4The indirect flows (of used materials) are compiled as raw material equivalents minus the weight of the imports.