Flora Brovina, Kosovo

Flora Brovina is an ethnic Albanian pediatrician, noted poet, and activist for the rights of women and children. She is president of the League of Albanian Women of Kosova, a nonpolitical organization she founded in 1992 to assist ethnic Albanian women, particularly in health-related matters. Dr. Brovina also directs the Center for the Rehabilitation of Women and Children, a clinic for displaced women and children in Pristina, Kosovo. She established the Center in March 1998 and continued to run it during the 1999 NATO air campaign until her arrest by members of the Serbian militia in April 1999. Two days before NATO troops entered Kosovo, Dr. Brovina was transferred to a prison in Serbia. She was charged with conspiring against the government to commit terrorism during the NATO air campaign in Kosovo and sentenced to 12 years’ imprisonment. On October 31, 2000, Dr. Brovina was released from prison by presidential order. She immediately returned to Pristina and resumed her work with the Center and the Albanian League. Since her release, she has been a vocal advocate for the Kosovars, calling in particular for the release of all ethnic Albanian political prisoners still held in Serbian jails. Dr. Brovina is the recipient of numerous awards for her writing and humanitarian work.

Barbara Ibrahim, Egypt

Barbara Ibrahim, a native of the United States, has lived and worked in Egypt since 1975. She earned graduate degrees in sociology from the American University of Beirut (M.A.) and Indiana University (Ph.D.). Dr. Ibrahim is regional director for West Asia and North Africa of the Population Council, based in Cairo. She serves on the board of directors of the currently-banned Ibn Khaldun Center for Development Studies. Her husband, Egyptian sociologist Saad Eddin Ibrahim—who is director and chairman of the board of the Center—was arrested on June 30, 2000, and detained for 45 days. He was subsequently charged with illegally accepting foreign funds, conspiracy to bribe, embezzlement, forgery, and dissemination of false information harmful to Egypt. His trial is ongoing.

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