Appendix C
Acronyms


ALH

designation for meteorites collected in Allan Hills, Antarctica

APXS

Alpha Proton X-ray Spectrometer (on NASA Sojourner rover);

Alpha Particle X-ray Spectrometer (on NASA Mars Exploration Rover)

ASI

Agenzia Spaziale Italiana (Italian space agency)

ASPERA

Energetic Neutral Atoms Analyzer (on ESA Mars Express spacecraft)

ATHENA

integrated science package carried by NASA Mars Exploration Rover mission

ATMIS

surface meteorology package (on European NetLander spacecraft)


CNES

Centre National d’Etudes Spatiales (French space agency)

COMPLEX

Committee on Planetary and Lunar Exploration (of the Space Studies Board)

CPBCE

Committee on Planetary Biology and Chemical Evolution (of the Space Science Board)


DLR

Deutsches Zentrum für Luftund Raumfahrt (German space agency)


FMI

Finnish Meteorological Institute


GAP

gas-analysis package—Gas Chromatograph-Mass Spectrometer (on U.K. Beagle 2 spacecraft)

GRS

Gamma-Ray Spectrometer (on NASA Mars Odyssey spacecraft)


HEDS

Human Exploration and Development of Space

HRSC

High Resolution Stereo Camera (on ESA Mars Express spacecraft)


IMP

Imager for Mars Pathfinder (NASA)

IR

infrared


JPL

Jet Propulsion Laboratory


LREE

light rare-earth element

LST

local solar time



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Appendix C Acronyms ALH designation for meteorites collected in Allan Hills, Antarctica APXS Alpha Proton X-ray Spectrometer (on NASA Sojourner rover); Alpha Particle X-ray Spectrometer (on NASA Mars Exploration Rover) ASI Agenzia Spaziale Italiana (Italian space agency) ASPERA Energetic Neutral Atoms Analyzer (on ESA Mars Express spacecraft) ATHENA integrated science package carried by NASA Mars Exploration Rover mission ATMIS surface meteorology package (on European NetLander spacecraft) CNES Centre National d’Etudes Spatiales (French space agency) COMPLEX Committee on Planetary and Lunar Exploration (of the Space Studies Board) CPBCE Committee on Planetary Biology and Chemical Evolution (of the Space Science Board) DLR Deutsches Zentrum für Luftund Raumfahrt (German space agency) FMI Finnish Meteorological Institute GAP gas-analysis package—Gas Chromatograph-Mass Spectrometer (on U.K. Beagle 2 spacecraft) GRS Gamma-Ray Spectrometer (on NASA Mars Odyssey spacecraft) HEDS Human Exploration and Development of Space HRSC High Resolution Stereo Camera (on ESA Mars Express spacecraft) IMP Imager for Mars Pathfinder (NASA) IR infrared JPL Jet Propulsion Laboratory LREE light rare-earth element LST local solar time

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MARCI Mars Color Imager (on NASA Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter mission) MARIE Mars Radiation Environment Experiment (on NASA Mars Odyssey orbiter spacecraft) MaRS Radio Science Experiments (on ESA Mars Express spacecraft) MARSIS Subsurface Sounding Radar/Altimeter (on ESA Mars Express spacecraft) MCO Mars Climate Orbiter (NASA mission, lost) ME ESA Mars Express mission MEP Mars Exploration Program (NASA) MEPAG Mars Exploration Payload Assessment Group (NASA) MER Mars Exploration Rover (NASA mission) MGS Mars Global Surveyor (NASA mission) Mini-TES Miniature Thermal Emission Spectrometer (on NASA Mars Exploration Rover) MO Mars Observer (NASA mission, lost) MOC Mars Orbiter Camera (on NASA Mars Global Surveyor spacecraft) MOLA Mars Orbiter Laser Altimeter (on NASA Mars Global Surveyor spacecraft) MPL Mars Polar Lander (NASA mission, lost) MRO Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (NASA mission) MSL Mars Science Laboratory (NASA mission) MSR Mars sample return MVACS Mars Volatiles and Climate Surveyor (integrated payload on lost Mars Polar Lander) NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration NASDA National Space Development Agency (Japan) NRC National Research Council OMEGA Infrared Mineralogical Mapping Spectrometer (on ESA Mars Express spacecraft) PFS Planetary Fourier Spectrometer (on ESA Mars Express spacecraft) PI principal investigator PMIRR Pressure-Modulator Infrared Radiometer (on lost NASA Mars Observer and Mars Climate Orbiter spacecraft) PMIRR-MkII Pressure-Modulator Infrared Radiometer (on NASA Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter mission) SNC subset of meteorites that derive from Mars (shergottites, nakhlites, chassignites) SOFIA Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (NASA/DLR airborne observatory) SPICAM Ultraviolet and Infrared Atmospheric Spectrometer (on ESA Mars Express spacecraft) SSB Space Studies Board (after 1988), Space Science Board (before 1988) TES Thermal Emission Spectrometer (on NASA Mars Global Surveyor spacecraft) THEMISThermal Emission Imaging System (on NASA Mars Odyssey Orbiter spacecraft)