TABLE 1-1 Federal Air Quality Management Legislation

Date

Legislation

Authorization

1955

Air Pollution Control Act

Provided funds to local and state agencies for research and training

1959

Air Pollution Control Act Extension

Extended the 1955 act

1960

Motor Vehicle Exhaust Study

Authorized the Public Health Service (PHS) to study automotive emissions and health

1962

Air Pollution Control Act Extension

Extended 1955 act and required PHS to include auto emissions in their program

1963

Clean Air Act

Research at the federal level

Aid to states for training

Federal authority to abate interstate pollution

Matching grants to local/state agencies for air pollution control

1965

Motor Vehicle Air Pollution Control Act

National standards for auto emissions

Coordinated pollution control between United States, Canada, and Mexico

Research into SO2 and auto emissions

1967

Air Quality Act

Air quality control regions (AQCRs)

Air quality criteria

Control technology documents

State implementation plans (SIPs)

Separate automotive emission standards for California

President Nixon (1970) created the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) by Executive Order

1970

Clean Air Act Amendments

National ambient air quality standards (NAAQS)

SIPs to achieve NAAQS by 1975

New source performance standards (NSPS)

National emission standards for hazardous air pollutants (NESHAP)

Aircraft emission standards to be developed by EPA

Automotive emission standards for hydrocarbons and CO for 1975 models and for NOx for 1976 models

States allowed to adopt air quality standards more stringent than federal standards

Motor vehicle emissions inspection and maintenance (I/M) program

Citizens allowed to sue for air pollution violations

1977

Clean Air Act Amendments

Geographic regions (Classes I, II, III) to preserve air quality

EPA-sanctioned emission offsets and emission banking within nonattainment regions

State permits that require prevention of significant deterioration (PSD) studies



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement