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FIGURE 2-8 Kind of alcohol consumed by high school seniors who are heavy drinkers, by gender.

NOTE: Heavy drinkers consumed five or more drinks in a row during the past 2 weeks.

SOURCE: Flewelling et al. (2004, Fig. 5).

California (Table 2-7), parties and outdoor venues were the most frequently reported drinking locations during the past year followed by cars (Walker et al., 2001). In this same survey, drinking in bars and restaurants was rare among younger adolescents, but increased substantially with age. Some studies suggest that drinking in supervised settings (i.e., at home with parent present) decreases with age, while drinking in unsupervised settings (i.e., parties, cars, and outdoors) increases with age (Harford, 1984). For young people, drinking in friends’ homes, bars, parties, cars, and parking lots and other outdoor locations is related to higher frequency of intoxication, drinking and driving, and riding with drinking drivers than drinking in the home (Jones-Webb et al., 1997; Lee et al., 1997; Snow and Landrum, 1986; Walker et al., 2001).

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