Measured by value, the cargo transported by the international liner shipping industry constitutes about two-thirds of the total U.S. foreign waterborne trade. In 2002, the liner shipping industry carried roughly 6 million containers of imported cargo to the United States and approximately 3.3 million containers of export cargo being shipped from more than 202,000 American businesses. The total is roughly $500 billion worth of goods, or more than $1.3 billion worth of goods per day through U.S. ports (World Shipping Council 2002). Some details on the information technology used by the international liner shipping industry are offered in Appendix A.

Data from DOT’s Bureau of Transportation Statistics indicate revenues in 1999 of $24.5 billion for domestic and international freight (coastal waterways, Great Lakes, locks and channels, and inland waterways) (BTS 2002).



BTS Bureau of Transportation Statistics

FHWA Federal Highway Administration

Association of American Railroads. 2003. Fact About Railroads. Policy and Economics Department, Jan. 10.

Bureau of the Census. 2001a. 1997 Economic Census: Transportation and Warehousing. EC97T48S-SM. March.

Bureau of the Census. 2001b. Statistical Abstract of the United States. Washington, D.C.

BTS. 2002. National Transportation Statistics 2001. BTS02-06. U.S. Department of Transportation, Washington, D.C.

Chopra, S., and P. Meindl. 2001. Supply Chain Management: Strategy Planning and Operation. Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, N.J.

The Economist. 1997. Delivering the Goods. Nov. 13.

The Economist. 2002. Container Trade: When Trade and Security Clash.

FHWA. 2002. The Freight Story: A National Perspective on Enhancing Freight Transportation. U.S. Department of Transportation, Washington, D.C.

World Shipping Council. 2002. Partners in America’s Trade. Brochure. Washington, D.C.

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