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:~. Private Contributions 29

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2002 PRIVATE CONTRIBUTIONS We gratefully acknowledge the support of private contributors to the National Academy of Sciences, Institute of Medicine, and National Research Council. Contributions to the National Academy of Engineering are recognized in the NAB Program Report and The Bridge. The Elkan Blout Society of the National Academy of Sciences The Elkan Blout Society, founded in 1993, honors one of the Academy 's leading philanthropists and recognizes living members of the National Academy of Sciences and individuals who have made cumulative lifetime contributions of $20,000 or more, as well as planned gifts of any size. Arnold 0. Beckman Cecil H. Green Bruce Alberts John Abelson Eleanor Barschall Elkan R. Blout Robert McC Adams John D. Baldeschwieler Paul Berg Elwyn R. Berlekamp R. Stephen Berry Lewis M. Branscomb Ellis Cowling Stephen H. Crandall $1,000,000 or More Daniel E. Koshland, Jr. $100,000 to $999,999 Daniel Branton Emanuel Epstein T. H. Geballe William T. Golden G. Lewis Meyer Paul M. Doty Mildred S. Dresselhaus Ernest L. Eliel Richard L. Garwin Norman H. Giles William E. Gordon Hermann A. Haus Norman H. Horowitz $20,000 to $99,999 Norman F. Ness C. Kumar N. Patel Allen E. Puckett Simon Ramo Martin G. Larrabee Maclyn McCarty Kenneth G. McKay Arnold G. Motulsky Philip Needleman Frank Press Dominick P. Purpura Frederic M. Richards The TOM Society of the Institute of Medicine Hinda G. Rosenthal Bernard G. Sarnat Alexander Rich William J. Rutter Paul R. Schimmel P. Roy Vagelos Charles M. Rick, Jr* Rudi Schmid Robert Louis Sinsheimer H. Guyford Stever Edward C. Stone Lubert Stryer John Archibald Wheeler Jean D. Wilson The IOM Society, founded in 1997, recognizes living members of the Institute of Medicine and individuals who have made cumulative lifetime contributions of $20,000 or more, as well as planned gifts of any size $100,000 or more Elkan R. Blout Jerome H. Grossman William W. McGuire * Recently Deceased Alexander Rich Hinda G. Rosenthal Bernard G. Sarnat P. Roy Vagelos Alejandro Zaffaroni

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Jack D. Barchas Paul Berg Lewis M. Branscomb Roger J. Bulger Colleen Conway-Welch William H. Danforth Worth B. Daniels, Jr. $20,000 to $99,999 Richard L. Garwin Gerald D. Laubach Edithe J. Levit Maclyn McCarty Robert W. Miller Arnold G. Motulsky Mary O'Neill Mundinger Rosette Society Phillip Needleman Quigg Newton Gilbert S. Omenn John T. Potts, Jr. Dominick P. Purpura Henry W. Riecken Frederick C. Robbins Stephen J. Ry an Charles A. Sanders Rudi Schmid Kenneth I. Shine C. Kern Wildenthal Jean D. Wilson Recognizing individuals who contributed $5,000 or more to the National Academies in 2002. Bruce Alberts Jack R. Anderson Wyatt W. Anderson John D. Baldeschwieler Jack D. Barchas Warren L. Batts Roger N. Beachy Elwyn R. Berlekamp Kenneth I. Berns Diane Bernstein Norman Bernstein R. Stephen Berry Lewis M. Branscomb Roger J. Bulger Malin Burnham Fletcher L. Byrom Wiley N. Caldwell John K. Castle James McConnell Clark Andreas Acrivos Robert McC. Adams Dyanne D. Affonso Harold M. Agnew Bobby R. Alford Clarence R. Allen Ron J. Anderson Thomas D. Barrow Stephen W. Barthold * Recently Deceased Howard E. Cox, Jr. Stephen H. Crandall James F. Crow William H. Danforth Worth B. Daniels, Jr. Paul M. Doty Charles W. Duncan, Jr. Richard H. Egdahl John Everets, Jr. Harvey V. Fineberg Scott E. Forbush* Raymond E. Galvin Eugene Garfield Jack M. Gill William T. Golden Bradford H. Gray Jerome H. Grossman Michael Held Robert S. Ingersoll Robert L. James Kenneth A. Jonsson William F. Kieschnick William I. Koch Jill Howell Kramer Gerald D. Laubach Burton J. McMurtry Hon. G. William Miller George P. Mitchell Joe F. Moore Robert W. Morey, Jr. Philip Needleman Guy W. Nichols Ralph S. O'Connor Peter O'Donnell, Jr. Jack S. Parker Edward E. Penhoet Fred Plum Frank Press Allen E. Puckett Charter Sociely Recognizing individuals who contributed between $1,000 and $4,999 to the National Academies in 2002. Berkley Bedell Steven C. Beering H. A. Bethe Ernest Beutler William Bevan E. Milton Bevington Dennis M. Bier Lutz Birnbaumer Richard A. Bloch George B. Rathmann Charles W. Robinson Hinda G. Rosenthal Stephen J. Ryan Jillian Sackler Rudi Schmid Sara Lee Schupf Dorothea P. Simon* Herbert A. Simon* Maxine F. Singer Georges C. St. Laurent, Jr. Lubert Stryer Samuel O. Thier P. Roy Vagelos Irving L. Weissman Torsten N. Wiesel C. Kern Wildenthal Jean D. Wilson Charles Yanofsky Enriqueta C. Bond John F. Bookout Jo Ivey Boufford E. Cabell Brand Robert H. Brook John H. Bryant Louis W. Cabot Eugenio Calabi George Campbell, Jr. Hampton L. Carson Marvin H. Caruthers Charles P. Casey David R. Challoner Purnell W. Choppin Ralph J. Cicerone M. T. Clegg Leighton E. Cluff Arthur D. Code ~ 1

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Jordan J. Cohen Dollie Cole Barry S. Coller Robert E. Connick Nancy E. Conrad R. James Cook Nicholas R. Cozzarelli Pedro M. Cuatrecasas Edward E. David, Jr. Karen Davis Michael E. DeBakey Haile T. Debas R. Gordon Douglas, Jr. Ronald W. Estabrook Harold J. Fallon M. Judah Folkman George M. Foster, Jr. Marye Anne Fox Hans Frauenfelder Carl Frieden Edward A. Frieman William D. Fullerton Yuan-Cheng B. Fung John Brooks Fuqua Valentin Fuster Joseph G. Gall Norman F. Gant Michael A. Gimbrone, Jr. Robert J. Glaser George Gloeckler David V. Goeddel M. L. Goldberger Avram Goldstein Joseph L. Goldstein Antonio M. Gotto, Jr. Ronald L. Graham Norman Hackerman Sen-itiroh Hakomori Beatrix A. Hamburg David A. Hamburg William M. Haney, III Samuel F. Heffner, Jr. W. Conyers Herring S. R. [Iill, Jr. Leroy Hood Norman H. Horowitz William W. Howells A. James Hudspeth Peter Barton Hutt Suzanne T. Ildstad Shinya Inoue Thomas S. Inui Michael M.E. Johns Howard W. Johnson Richard T. Johnson Michael M. Kaback Thomas Kailath Alice Kandell Walter Kauzmann Mary-Claire King David M. Kipnis Irving M. Klotz James S. Langer Thomas W. Langfitt Elaine L. Larson I. Robert Lehman Jeffrey M. Leiden James S. Lieberman Hans W. Liepmann Rodolfo R. Llinas Ruth W. Lubic R. Duncan Luce George D. Lundberg Adel A. Mahmoud Maclyn McCarty Roger O. McClellan Richard A. McCray Frank B. McDonald Steven L. McKnight Robert L. Metzenberg Albert I. Meyers James K. Mitchell Mario J. Molina David T. Morgenthaler Arno G. Motulsky Darla Mueller George E. Mueller Royce W. Murray Woodrow A. Myers, Jr. Robert M. Nerem Patricia S. Nettleship Quigg Newton Masayasu Nomura Stuart H. Orkin Morton B. Panish Robert G. Petersdorf Ronald L. Phillips Mitchell T. Rabkin Simon Ramo Helen M. Ranney Mark A. Ratner Peter H. Raven Frederic M. Richards Lorrin A. Riggs Paul Grant Rogers Robert D. Rogers Neil R. Rolde Anatol Roshko Lewis P. Rowland David C. Sabiston, Jr. Harvey S. Sadow The Presidents' Circle Charles A. Sanders Randy Schekman Joseph E. Scherger Andrew M. Sessler Richard B. Setlow Eric M. Shooter Stephen M. Shortell Edward H. Shortliffe Dorothy Simpson David H. Solomon William N. Spellacy Kurt C. Stange Charles M. Stein H. Guyford Stever Patrick Suppes August G. Swanson David J. Tollerud Daniel C. Tosteson Charles H. Townes Karl K. Turekian Michael S. Turner Wylie Vale George F. Vande Woude Harold E. Varmus Martha Vaughan Andrew J. Viterbi Peter K. Vogt Cheves Walling Peter A. Ward Gail L. Warden Willis H. Ware Julia R. Weertman M. Donald Whorton Margaret S. Wilson Tadataka Yamada Michael Zubkoff The Preside'~ts' Circle is a support group of individuals from the private sector who advocate a greater aware~ess of science and technology in our society and a better understanding of the work of the Ncltio'Zal Academy of Sciences, National Academy of Engineering, and Institute of Medicine. Bruce Alberts Jack R. Anderson Barbara Barrett * Recently Deccased 32 Thomas D. Barrow Warren L. Batts Berkley Bedell Diane Bernstein R. Stephen Berry E. Milton Bevington Richard A. Bloch Elkan R. Blout E. Cabell Brand

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Malin Burnham Dan W. Burns Fletcher L. Byrom Louis W. Cabot Wiley N. Caldwell George Campbell, Jr. David R. Challoner James McConnell Clark Dollie Cole W. Dale Compton Nancy E. Conrad Howard E. Cox, Jr. Charles W. Duncan, Jr. George C. Eads John Everets, Jr. Harold J. Fallon James L. Ferguson Harvey V. Fineberg George M. C. Fisher Harold K. Forsen William L. Friend Robert E. Fuisz John Brooks Fuqua Raymond E. Calvin Robert W. Galvin Ronald L. Graham Cecil H. Green Ruth H. Grobstein Jerome H. Grossman Norman Hackerman William M. Haney, III Samuel F. Heffner, Jr. Jane Hirsh Robert S. Ingersoll M. Blakeman Ingle Robert L. James Howard W. Johnson Kenneth A. Jonsson Philip Jonsson Alice Kandell John F. Keane, Sr. William F. Kieschnick William I. Koch Jill Howell Kramer John H. Krehbiel, Jr. James S. Langer Gerald D. Laubach Steve Lazarus Fred W. Lyons, Jr. Gloria C. L. Ma Richard J. Mahoney Thomas J. Malone Robert H. Malott Thomas A. Mann Ernest Mario Burton J. McMurtry Charles H. McTier Kamal K. Midha G. William Miller George P. Mitchell Joe F. Moore David T. Morgenthaler Darla Mueller Dianne Ferrell Neal Patricia S. Nettleship Guy W. Nichols Ralph S. O'Connor Peter O'Donnell, Jr. Jack S. Parker Jody Potts Frank Press Robert A. Pritzker Allen E. Puckett George B. Rathmann Other Individual Donors Charles W. Robinson Robert D. Rogers Neil R. Rolde Hinda G. Rosenthal F. Sherwood Rowland Jillian Sackler Harvey S. Sadow Charles A. Sanders Collin W. Scarborough Sara Lee Schupf H.R. Shepherd Kenneth I. Shine Dorothy Simpson Georges C. St. Laurent, Jr. Deborah Szekely Robert V. Waltemeyer* Robert H. Waterman W. Hall Wendel, Jr. Susan E. Whitehead Sheila E. Widnall Margaret S. Wilson Wm. A. Wulf Tadataka Yamada Alejandro Zaffaroni Recognizing individuals who contributed up to $999 to the National A cad emies in 2002. Francois M. Abboud Faye G. Abdellah Herbert L. Abrams Julius Adler Nancy E. Adler Stephen L. Adler John E. Affeldt P. Bai Akridge Yvette Alex-Assensoh Joel J. Alpert Lawrence K. Altman Sidney Altman Javier Alvarez Harold Amos* Carol Anderson Kinsey A. Anderson Theodore W. Anderson Nancy C. Andreasen * Recently Deceased Marcia Angell Philip S. Anton Susan Anton Edward M. Arnett Kenneth J. Arrow Arthur K. Asbury Nancy L. Ascher John P. Atkinson Dennis A. Ausiello K. Frank Austen W. Gerald Austen Joan K. Austin Robert Austrian Mary Ellen Avery Myrtle K. Aydelotte Oaniel L. Azarnoff Howard L. Bailit Paul T. Baker John R. Ball Robert M. Ball Robert W. Balluffi William A. Bardeen Grigory I. Barenblatt Clyde F. Barker Jeremiah A. Barondess Manuel Barrera Elizabeth Barrett-Connor George A. Bartholomew Robert W. Bartlett Stanley Baum William J. Baumol Gordon A. Baym John C. Beck Richard E. Behrman Helmut Beinert Marlene Belfort Baruj Benacerraf Shanna G. Benjamin J. Claude Bennett Michael V. L. Bennett John A. Benson, Jr. Edward J. Benz, Jr. Paul Berg Robert G. Bergman Bobbie A. Berkowitz Marisol Berrios-Miranda Jerome A. Berson J. Michael Bishop Mina J. Bissell Robert L. Black Stacy D. Blake-Beard Allison Blakely Helen M. Blau Dan G. Blazer 33

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Floyd E. Bloom Clara D. Bloomfield Baruch S. Blumberg Thomas F. Boat Allan G. Bogue Stuart Bondurant Richard J. Bonnie William H. Bowen Francis R. Boyd Allan M. Brandt Edward N. Brandt John I. Brauman Jeane Breinig Robert L. Brent Jan L. Breslow Victoria R. Bricker W. F. Brinkman Adriana D. Briscoe William A. Brock Frederick P. Brooks, Jr. Harvey Brooks Claire V. Broome Byron Wm. Brown, Jr. Donald D. Brown Harold Brown Leonard L. Brown Gordon L. Brownell George Bruening Joan S. Brugge Thomas C. Bruice Thomas F. Budinger Martin J. Bukovac Theodore H. Bullock Benjamin S. Bunney William E. Bunney, Jr. Maurice B. Burg Ann W. Burgess Bernard F. Burke R. H. Burris Kim K. Burson Gay L. Byron John Cairns, Jr. Roberto R. Calderon Noah R. Calhoun Daniel Callahan Stephanie M. H. Camp Allan Campbell Lewis C. Cantley * Recently Deceased 34 Charles C. Capen M. Paul Capp William B. Carey Lynn P. Carmichael Charles C.J. Carpenter Vivian Carpenter William T. Carpenter, Jr. Marc A. Carrasco A. Welford Castleman, Jr. Webster K. Cavenee Constance L. Cepko Owen Chamberlain Robbin Chapman Mark R. Chassin John S. Chipman Francis V. Chisari Zang-Hee Cho Rita K. Chow Noreen M. Clark Linda Hawes Clever Jewel Plummer Cobb Michael D. Coe D. Walter Cohen Joel E. Cohen Marshall H. Cohen Morrel H. Cohen Morris Cohen Stanley N. Cohen Mildred Cohn Douglas L. Coleman Mary Sue Coleman Sidney R. Coleman R. John Collier Yolanda L. Comedy John J. Conger Eric E. Conn Allan H. Conney Colleen Conway-Welch Esther M. Conwell Philip J. Cook Max D. Cooper Erminio Costa Molly J. Coye Harmon Craig Ralph Crawshaw Jose R. Criado F. F. Crim John C. Crowell Robert F. Curl, Jr. James W. Curran James H. Curry Alexander Dalgarno G. Brent Dalrymple Jacqueline E. Darroch Heather D. Dashen William H. Daughaday David R. Davies Joanne Davila James O. Davis Mark M. Davis Raymond Davis, Jr. Carol B. Day Rheba de Tornyay Alexis Brooks De Vita Catherine D. DeAngelis Thomas DeFrantz Paul M. Densen Charles H. DePuy Robert A. Derzon Don E. Detmer Thomas Detre David K. Detweiler William H. Dietz David L. Dilcher Charles A. Dinarello Jualynne E. Dodson Patricia K. Donahoe Sarah S. Donaldson J. L. Doob Thaddeus P. Dryja Rhetaugh G. Dumas Clifton O. Dummett Floyd Dunn Donald N. Duvick Johanna T. Dwyer James L. Dye Isidore S. Edelman Brent H. Edwards Mickey S. Eisenberg Robert N. Eisenman Emest L. Eliel Mostafa A. El-Sayed Omar G. Encarnacion S. Walter Englander Robert M. Epstein W. G. Ernst Carroll L. Estes E. Harvey Estes, Jr. John H. Exton Claire M. Fagin Stefan S. Fajans Saul J. Farber Edgardo T. Farinas David S. Farrar Anthony S. Fauci Reyna Favis Don W. Fawcett Daniel D. Federman Rashi Fein Gary Felsenfeld William R. Felts* Tomas Fernandez Stanley Fields Clement A. Finch Gerald D. Fischbach A. Alan Fischer Edmond H. Fischer Delbert A. Fisher Michael E. Fisher Alfred P. Fishman Robert A. Fishman Charles D. Flagle Kent V. Flannery Juanita W. Fleming Gregory L. Florant Kathleen M. Foley Christopher C. Fordham III Spencer Foreman Daniel W. Foster Henry W. Foster, Jr. Alan B. Fowler T. Kenneth Fowler Jamie L. Franco Joseph F. Fraumeni, Jr. Irwin M. Freedberg Ronald Freedman Daniel H. Freeman Emil Frei III Dennis G. Fryback Robert F. Furchgott Steven G. Gabbe Mitchell H. Gail Mary K. Gaillard E. John Gallagher

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Elisabeth Gantt AnnaI. Hamada Peter M. Howley William B. Kerr Andres J. Garcia Charles B. Hammond William N. Hubbard, Jr. H. Gobind Khorana Jorge L. Garcia Robert L. Hampton Yvette M. Huet-Hudson Edwin D. Kilbourne Laura M. Garofoli Ruth S. Hanft James P. Hughes Sung Wan Kim Eva Marie Garroutte Susan Hanson John R. Huizenga Ivan R. King Stanley M. Gartler James G. Haughton Barbara S. Hulka Sheldon S. King Helene D. Gayle Robert M. Hauser John R. Hummel Todd R. Klaenhammer F. W. Gehring Richard J. Havel Betsy L. Humphreys Seymour J. Klebanoff E. Peter Geiduschek Elizabeth D. Hay Sian M. Hunter Claude B. Klee Robert J. Genco Michael Hayden Jerard Hurwitz Charles R. Kleeman John P. Geyman Rosetta R. Haynes Richard 0. Hynes Luella Klein Eleanor Jack Gibson* William R. Hazzard Kim Ingham Miles V. Klein Barbara A. Gilchrest Bernadine P. Healy Lonnie 0. Ingram Franklin W. Knight David Ginsburg Holly E. Heard Alex Inkeles Andrew H. Knoll Eli Ginzberg* Ruby P. Hearn Kurt J. Isselbacher Leon Knopoff John R. Giurgevich Jerris R. Hedges J. David Jackson Eric I. Knudsen Isar P. Godreau Alan J. Heeger James S. Jackson Alfred G. Knudson, Jr. Lewis R. Goldfrank D. S. Heeschen Lisa R. Jackson Peter 0. Kohler Paul Goldhaber Donald R. Helinski Danny 0. Jacobs C. Everett Koop Bernard D. Goldstein Robert W. Hellwarth Andre T. Jagendorf Neneh J. Kowai-Bell Angela A. Gonzales Maureen M. Henderson Sherman A. James Edward A. Kravitz Rhonda M. Gonzales Ernest M. Henley Dean T. Jamison Norman M. Kroll Robert A. Good John L. Hennessy Charles A. Janeway, Jr. Charlotte V. Kuh Ward H. Goodenough Jane E. Henney William P. Jencks Kristin Kuntz Duriseti Morris Goodman Theodore M. Hesburgh Thomas H. Jensen Sydney Kustu Enoch Gordis Howard H. Hiatt Ann A. Jerkins Cheryl J. La Roche Leon Gordis, P.H. Eve J. Higginbotham Kimberley Johnson Arthur Landy Eville Gorham Martha N. Hill Richard B. Johnston, Jr. Norma M. Lang Jack Gorski Robert L. Hill Lyle V. Jones Joseph Lamer Robert Graham Maurice R. Hilleman Jennifer A. Jordan Martin G. Larrabee Verne Grant Maude E. Hines Daniel D. Joseph Joyce C. Lashof Harry B. Gray Ada Sue Hinshaw Richard V. Kadison Judi Moore Latta Larry A. Green Ralph F. Hirschmann Jerome Kagan Judith R. Lave J. Lee Greene John P. Hirth Jerome Karle Robert S. Lawrence Sandra E. Greene Mahlon Hoagland Arthur Karlin Alexander Leaf Lazar J. Greenfield Henry M. Hoenigswald Robert W. Kates Robert S. Ledley Paul Greengard Julian T. Hoff Samuel L. Katz David M. Lee John S. Greenspan Joseph F. Hoffman Haig H. Kazazian, Jr. Philip R. Lee Tibor J. Greenwalt David S. Hogness Robert P. Kelch Anthony Leggett Robert B. Griffiths John R. Hogness EdmondJ. Keller Rudolph L. Leibel Paul F. Griner Jonathan S. Holloway K. I. Kellermann Patricia Davis Lemessy Ruth H. Grobstein Ralph T. Holman Arthur Kelman William J. Lennarz Ruth T. Gross Edward W. Holmes Amanda Kemp Nelson J. Leonard Michael Grossman Philip S. Holzman Hans J. Kende Aaron B. Lerner Melvin M. Grumbach Margaret K. Hostetter John B. Kendrick Alan I. Leshner Fernando A. Guerra James S. House David W. Kennedy Robert L. Letsinger Laurie M. Gunter Hendrik S. Houthakker Charles F. Kennel Johanna M. H. Levelt Sengers Charles R. Halpern Roger Howe James P. Kennett Myron M. Levine * Recently Deceasecl ~ c

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C. S. Levings, III Norman G. Levinsky Lawrence S. Lewin Samella S. Lewis Elliott H. Lieb Olga F. Linares Susan L. Lindquist Dan L. Lindsley, Jr. W. Carl Lineberger Iris F. Litt Gwilym S. Lodwick, II Irving M. London Laszlo Lorand Francis E. Low Nicole Lurie Joanne Lynn Reynaldo F. Macias Robert W. Mahley Maureen E. Mahon Margaret E. Mahoney Anthony P. Mahowald Thomas F. Malone Julianne Malveaux Henri R. Man"sse, Jr. Robert W. Mann Vincent T. Marchesi Rudolph A. Marcus Alexander R. Margulis Paul A. Marks George M. Martin Joseph B. Martin Oscar J. Martinez Ramiro Martinez Shelly H. Martinez Teresita Martinez-Vergne Ida M. Martinson Douglas S. Massey Luigi Mastroianni, Jr. John C. Mather Sandra Matthews Donald R. Mattison Ingeborg G. Mauksch Portia Maultsby Phyllis M. May-Machunda Angela Barron McBride * Recently Deceased 36 Edward R.B. McCabe Charles A. McCallum Marie C. McCormick Hugh O. McDevitt James L. McGaugh J. Michael McGinnis Nellie Y. McKay Christopher F. McKee Lionel W. McKenzie Barbara J. McNeil Merrill Meadow Sherman M. Mellinkoff Richard A. Merrill Henry Metzger Terrence R. Meyer Josef Michl Ronald E. Mickens Cindy S. Miller Edward D. Miller I. George Miller, Jr. Janice M. Miller Ronald D. Miller Celeste O. Milligan Jacob Mincer Beatrice Mintz Paul Mischler Mortimer Mishkin Dayo N. Mitchell James J. Mongan Michael J. Montoya Harley W. Moon C. Bradley Moore Peter B. Moore Victoria Mora James M. Moran Cathleen S. Morawetz Joan L. Morrison Edward A. Mortimer* Aron Arthur Moscona Wilson J. Moses Frederick Mosteller Van C. Mow John H. Moxley, III Sezaki K. Mtingwa Fitzhugh Mullan Walter H. Munk Alicia H. Munnell Ed A. Munoz David G. Nathan Renee M. Ned Masatoshi Nei Alan R. Nelson Graciela P. Nemes Eric J. Nestler Norman D. Newell Joseph P. Newhouse Michelle R. Neyman Elena O. Nightingale Louis Nirenberg Charles P. O'Brien Margaret E. O 'Kane Daniel A. Okun Jerrold M. Olefsky Jack E. Oliver Michael W. O'Mahoney Gilbert S. Omenn Gordon H. Orians June E. Osborn Douglas D. Osheroff Michael L. Owens George E. Palade Herbert Pardes Robert G. Parr John A. Parrish George W. Parshall Barbara H. Partee Sally G. Pasion Robert E. Patricelli William A. Peck Koraly E. Perez-Edgar David D. Perkins Edward B. Perrin J. Warren Perry Anne C. Petersen Daniel W. Pettengill Gordon H. Pettengill Theodore L. Phillips William H. Pickering Chester M. Pierce Roy M. Pitkin James A. Pittman, Jr. Jeffrey L. Platt Stanley A. Plotkin Mary Lake Polan Deborah E. Powell William H. Press Ronald F. Probstein Darwin J. Prockop Curtis Prout Theodore T. Puck Joyce Purnell Dale Purves Frank W. Putnam Howard K. Rabinowitz Paul H. Rabinowitz J. E. Rall Paul G. Ramsey John G. Ratcliffe Marina Ratner Victor J. Raymond George G. Reader E. Albert Reece Lester J. Reed Richard J. Reed Clifford E. Reid Arnold S. Relman Kenneth A. Ribet Alexander Rich Charles C. Richardson William C. Richardson Julius B. Richmond Burton Richter Matilda White Riley David L. Rimoin Frederick C. Robbins Phillips W. Robbins Doris E. Roberts Eugene Roberts John D. Roberts Leslie E. Robertson Lee N. Robins Renato Rosaldo, Jr. Leon E. Rosenberg Mark L. Rosenberg Murray Rosenblatt

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Mark R. Rosenzweig Cornelius Rosse Irving Rouse Thomas C. Rozzell Harry Rubin James M. Ruiz Louise B. Russell Vernon W. Ruttan Jeremy A. Sabloff David H. Sachs Murray B. Sachs Tess Samuel George J. Sanchez Otto S ante Ana Sonia Santa Anna Myriam P. Sarachik Alan C. Sartorelli David Satcher Charles H. Sawyer John A. Schellman Harold A. Scheraga Gerold L. Schiebler Richard M. Schoen William R. Schowalter Robert W. Schrier Steven A. Schroeder John H. Schwarz Thomas L. Schwenk Matthew P. Scott Nevin S. Scrimshaw William R. Sears* Sheldon J. Segal George E. Seidel, Jr. Donald W. Seldin Andrea D. Sewell Donna E. Shalala Kathryn Shanley Iris R. Shannon Harold T. Shapiro Larry J. Sh`~piro Aaron J. Shatkin Todd C. Sh`~w Bennett A. Shaywitz John F. Sherman * Recently Deceasec! Charles J. Sherr Kenneth I. Shine Gen Shirane Noenoe K. Silva George A. Silver Robert M. Silverstein Jeanne C. Sinkford Robert Louis Sinsheimer G. William Skinner Gary Smith Mary A. Smith Robert R. Sokal Louis Sokoloff Albert J. Solnit* Hugo F. Sonnenschein Gabriela Soto Laveaga Peggy D. Southard Harold C. Sox, Jr. Robert D. Sparks Patricia G. Spear Frank E. Speizer Charles C. Sprague Peter J. S tang Barbara Starfield Nathan J. Stark* Zena A. Stein Robert Steinberg Donald F. Steiner Ralph M. Steinman Joan A. Steitz Judith S. Stern John D. Stobo W. H. Stockmayer Susanne A. Stoiber James E. Strain Robert Straus F. William Studier Paul K. Stumpf Albert J. Stunkard Federico Subervi Mervyn W. Susser Norman Sutin Morton N. Swartz John A. S wets Herbert Tabor Paul Talalay Alvin R. Tarlov Katherine Tate Palmer W. Taylor Susan S. Taylor Thomas N. Taylor Owsei Temkin* TY P. Kawika Tengan Charles B. Thomas, Jr. Gareth Thomas George A. Thompson Gerald E. Thomson David J. Thouless M. Tinkham Carlos A. Toro-Diaz George H. Trilling Susan Turner-Lowe J. Anthony Tyson William N. Valentine Angela Valenzuela William Velez Diego Vigil Ellen S. Vitetta Paul A. Volberding Joseph J. Volpe Peter H. von Hippel Kenneth W. Wachter Paul E. Waggoner David B. Wake Corey D. Walker Leland J. Walker Edward E. Wallach Kenneth E. Warner Celeste M. Watkins Patty Jo Watson I. Bernard Weinstein Bryce Weir Herbert Weissbach Michael J. Welch Kenneth B. Wells Gilbert F. White Kerr L. White Raymond P. White, Jr. Benjamin Widom Carl E. Wieman Margaret B. WiLkerson David E. Wilkins James T. Willerson Walter C. Willett David A. Williams Maria P. Williams T. Franklin Williams Charles B. Wilson Donald E. Wilson Frank H. Wilson Ruby L. Wilson William J. Wilson Warren Winkelstein, Jr. Bruce D. Winstein Evelyn M. Witkin Bernhard Witkop Owen N. Witte Edward Witten Gerald N. Wogan Maurice Wood H. Boyd Woodruff Charles E. Woodward Mary McEnerney Woolley H. E. Wright, Jr. Carl Wunsch James B. Wyngaarden Asa G. Yancey, Sr. Richard Yarborough Samuel S.C. Yen Anne B. Young Linda R. Young Vernon R. Young Rafia Zafar Patricia C. Zambryski Warren M. Zapol Maria E. Zavala Jan A. D. Zeevaart E-an Zen Elias A. Zerhouni Mary L. Zoback Huda Y. Zoghbi George D. Zuidema . 37

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Foundations Atlantic Philanthropies (USA) Inc. The Breast Cancer Research Foundation Burroughs Wellcome Fund The California Endowment California HealthCare Foundation Cargill Foundation Carnegie Corporation of New York Charitable Gift Fund The Commonwealth Fund The Camille and Henry Dreyfus Foundation, Inc. Community Foundation for Southeastern Michigan The Ellison Medical Foundation The Ford Foundation Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation Greenwall Foundation The Carl J. Herzog Foundation, Inc. The William and Flora Hewlett Foundation Howard Hughes Medical Institute International Life Sciences Institute Research Foundation Jewish Federation of St. Louis The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Corporations ABIM Foundation ABB Lummus Global, Inc. American Petroleum Institute Amgen, Inc. AT&T Foundation The AYCO Charitable Foundation Austin Community Foundation Aventis Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Battelle Memorial Institute Best Foods Blue Cross and Blue Shield Association Boston Scientific Corporation BP Amoco Inc. Bristol-Myers Squibb Company The Capital Group Companies, Inc. 38 Kansas Health Foundation W. M. Keck Foundation W.K. Kellogg Foundation Richard Lounsbery Foundation The John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation Machiah Foundation Josiah Macy, Jr. Foundation The Mars Foundation Robert R. McCormick Tribune Foundation The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation The John Merck Fund National Fish and Wildlife Foundation The David and Lucite Packard Foundation Rockefeller Brothers Fund, Inc. The Rockefeller Foundation Russell Family Foundation The Schwab Fund for Charitable Giving Sealark Foundation The Seattle Foundation The Spencer Foundation The Wellcome Trust Castle Harlan, Inc. ChevronTexaco Corporation CSX Corporation The Dow Chemical Company E. I. du Pont de Nemours & Company Florida Clinical Practice Association Glaxo Wellcome Inc. Harlan Sprague IEEE Intel Corporation Johnson & Johnson Kellogg Company Mead Johnson Nutritionals Merck & Company, Inc. Merck Company Foundation Metropolitan Life Foundation Microsoft Corporation MitoKor Monsanto Company J.P. Morgan Chase Foundation Novartis Pharmaceuticals Corporation Partners HealthCare System, Inc. Pfizer, Inc. Pharmacia CoIporation Philip Morris Companies, Inc. Research Corporation SmithKline Beecham United HealthCare Corporation The World Bank Wyeth-Ayerst Laboratories, Inc.

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Other Organizations The Agouron Institute Allegheny Conference on Community Development American Chemical Society American Farmland Trust American Feed Industry Association, Inc. American Institute of Chemical Engineers American Medical Association American Society for Microbiology American Veterinary Medical Association Association for Computing Machinery, Inc Association of Academic Health Centers Association of American Medical Colleges Association of Primate Veterinarians The Cooper Union for the Advancement of Science and Art FARME Institute, Inc. Fetzer Institute To IASCP ICLAS-CCPA Symposium International International Council for Science The Johns Hopkins University Maryland Sea Grant College The Metropolitan Washington Council of Governments National Asphalt and Pavement Association National Association for Biomedical Research National Environmental Policy Institute New York University Medical Center Nuclear Threat Initiative Society for Human Ecology Southeast Compact Commission University of California, Oakland University of Richmond University of Virginia 39

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