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81 .~ EW ~~. .. ChemML is an application that uses XML (or XHTML) allowing developers to use and present science content on the Web and in various other applications. Some additional details can be found at . ~ IJ 4. ~ ~ ~ 0~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ar ~ ar L~~3L~L~L~ This is a collaborative, community-driven approach to authoring, teaching, and learning developed at Rice University. Connexions seeks to provide high-quality educational content to anyone in the world. More details can be accessed at . CW. s-~ ~ ~ %~ ~ .~ ~~ ~~ AL ~'L. ~ ~ ~ ^~L*~L^~L ~L~L~P Creative Commons is a non-profit corporation offering the public a set of copyright licenses free of charge. This group is also working to build an "intellectual property conservancy" that waif protect works of special public value from exclusionary private ownership. Details can be found at . D~. ~ ~ ~ ~ gin' .L was Al eras ~ ~ - Lit Dspace is an open source software platform that allows institutions to capture, preserve, and distribute digital information over the Tnternet. Details on the initiative can be found at . IEEE I Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Incorporated is a professional society of electrical, electronic, and computer engineers and technicians. Details about the organization can be found at . The Tnternet Engineering Task Force is an international community of network designers, operators, vendors, and researchers concerned with the operation and evolution of the Tnternet. Details about this organization can be found at . 45

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46 IlMlE; I act - jaw ~ IT-Based Educational Materials: Workshop Report Instructional Management Systems Global Learning Consortium, Tnc. in an organization that develops and promotes open specifications to facilitate online distributed learning activities. Additional details can be found at . International Organization for Standardization. Details can be found at burl ~ ~ ~ ~~e . alar L _ in ~~ ~~ ~ Computer routine that performs an educational function or service. [ath~lL MathML is an application of XML that facilitates the use and re-use of mathematical and scientific content on the Web, and in other applications including print typesetting and voice synthesis. Details can be found at . Multimedia Educational Resource for Learning and Online Teaching (MERLOT) is a free resource designed primarily for faculty and students of higher education. More details can be found at . ~ ~ a: ~ ~~ ~~ ~llfflb Metadata is data that describes other data. The term is often used to refer to any items that describe data, like the contents of HTML mete tags or title fields. N~ 3R ~ AL, ~ National Science, Mathematics, Engineering, and Technology Education Digital Library, an NSF initiative to establish a digitally based repository of educational materials that can be shared and utilized by faculty and other educators. OCW Open courseware (OCW) is a large-scale, web-based electronic publishing initiative to provide free course materials for educators and to encourage

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Glossary 47 standards for courseware published on the Tnternet. More details on the initiative can be found at . O. .~ The Open Knowledge Initiative is developing open architectural specifications to support the development of educational software. More details are available at . S_ . ^~ ~ . Sharable Content Object Reference Model defines a structure for combining content for Web-based learning. % short - = or ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~r~r. Ar ~~ lBl"~l ~~ ll' ~ ~ A design structure for organizing material based on content rather than presentation. S~W4b~ `~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 9U 9~' ~ ~ ~L~L^~L^~dL~ ~ ~ ~ IF The WE in collaboration with many researchers and industrial partners is developing this abstract representation of data on the World Wide Web. it is based on content-oriented standards. More details can be found at . SMETE is an acronym for science, mathematics, engineering, and technology education. The SMETE Open Federation in an organization dedicated to promoting the teaching and learning of science, mathematics, engineering and technology at all levels. More details about the Federation are available at . W~ ~ ~ Ba`T ~ aF ~ AIL Or Web DAV stands for 'Web-based Distributed Authoring and Versioning' which extends the rules of the current HTTP standard to allow multiple users to edit source material through the Tnternet. More details are available on the Web DAV Resource page .

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48 X=, ". , l, -. ~ IT-Based Educational Materials: Workshop Report XML is an acronym for extensible Markup Language, a flexible text format derived from SGML (TSO 887g), and originally designed to meet the challenges of large-scale electronic publishing. XML is also playing an increasingly important role in the exchange of a wide variety of data on the Web and elsewhere. X~$ F' as. a. ~ XSET is an acronym for extensible Stylesheet Language for Transformations, a language for transforming XML documents into other XML documents.