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Appendix A Committee and Staff Biographies COMMITTEE MEMBERS Robert S. Detrick, fr. (Chair) obtained his Ph.D. in 1978 in Marine Geo- physics from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology/Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution Joint Program in Oceanography. Dr. Detrick has worked as a Senior Scientist at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Insti- tution (WHOI) since 1991. His research focuses on oceanic crustal struc- ture, thermal evolution of the lithosphere, tectonics of accretionary plate boundaries, and the dynamics of the oceanic upper mantle. Dr. Detrick is currently the Chair of the Department of Geology and Geophysics at Woods Hole. He served as Vice-chair on the previous National Research Council seafloor observatory study, officially called the Committee on Sea- floor Observatories: Challenges and Opportunities. Dr. Detrick is a former member of the Ocean Studies Board. Arthur B. Baggeroer received his Sc.D. from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in 1968. He is currently the Ford Professor of Engi- neering and holds the Secretary of the Navy/Chief of Naval Operations Chair for Ocean Science in the Department of Ocean and Electrical Engi- neering at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. His areas of exper- tise include applications of signal and array processing to ocean and struc- tural acoustics, sonar, ocean engineering, remote sensing, and geophysics. Dr. Baggeroer has been a member of the National Academy of Engineer- ing since 1995, and currently serves on the Ocean Studies Board and the 189

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190 APPENDIX A Naval Studies Board. In addition, he has served on several of The Na- tional Academies' committees and panels. He was the former Director of the Massachusetts Institution of Technology-Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution Joint Program for oceanography and ocean engineering. Edward F. DeLong holds a Ph.D. in Marine Biology from UC San Diego, Scripps Institution of Oceanography. He is a senior scientist and head of the microbial oceanography group at the Monterey Bay Aquarium Re- search Institute (MBARI). In addition, he is an adjunct professor at UC Santa Cruz and a Courtesy Professor at Stanford. Dr. DeLong's research interests include marine microbial biology, microbial evolution and ecol- ogy, and genomic approaches in environmental microbiology. Frederick K. Duennebier earned his Ph.D. in Geophysics from the Uni- versity of Hawaii in 1972. He is a geophysicist at the University of Hawaii. His research interests include seismic studies in remote locations, marine geophysical instrumentation, ocean floor observatories, and volcano seis- mology in the marine environment. He is currently involved with three ocean bottom observatory efforts (HUGO, H20, and ANZCAN-ALOHA). He has been the principal investigator on multiple deep-sea and seafloor studies sponsored by the National Science Foundation, the Office of Na- val Research, and the U.S. Navy. Ann E. Gargett earned her Ph.D. in Physical Oceanography from the University of British Columbia in 1970. She is currently a Professor of Oceanography at Old Dominion University. Her research interests in- clude ocean mixing processes and new observational techniques to mea- sure these processes, especially in coastal areas as well as biophysical interactions of planktonic organisms with turbulence. She is currently a member of the Scientific Steering committee for the Coastal Ocean Pro- cesses Project (CoOP) and the Scientific Steering Committee of Scientific Cabled Observatories for Time Series (SCOTS). In addition, she served on the Science Committee for NEPTUNE Canada during 1999-2001. G. Ross Heath obtained his Ph.D. in Oceanography from the Scripps Institution of Oceanography in 1968. He is a professor of Oceanography and Dean Emeritus of the College of Ocean and Fishery Sciences at the University of Washington. His research interests are in the geochemistry of deep-sea sediments and its application to paleoceanography, paleocli- matology, deep-sea ferromanganese nodules, and the interaction of ra- dioactive wastes with deep-sea sediments. He has worked on cabled deep- sea observatories and is a consultant on the NEPTUNE program. He has served on thirteen NRC committees and panels, including the Ocean Sci-

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APPENDIX A 191 ences Board (predecessor to the Ocean Studies Board), Board on Radioac- tive Waste Management, and as Chair of the Board on Ocean Science and Policy. lason l. Hyon received his Master of Science in Electrical Engineering (MSEE) from the University of Southern California in 1988. He is a deputy manager of the Earth Science Data Systems section at the let Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California. In this position, he oversees ground data system developments for NASA Earth science missions, including MISR and ASTER on Terra; AIRS on Aqua; TES on Aura; Topex/Poseidon; and SeaWinds on ADEOS. His interests include real-time system devel- opment, data distribution and archival mass storage system design, vol- ume and file structure standard, and Internet/Intranet-based multimedia database systems. He has developed and managed information manage- ment systems for the Department of Defense and Department of Energy. Thomas C. Johnson earned his Ph.D. in Oceanography from the Univer- sity of California at San Diego in 1975. He is a Professor of Geology and Director of the Large Lakes Observatory at the University of Minnesota- Duluth. His research interests are acoustic remote sensing of large lake basins using high-resolution seismic reflection profiling, side scan sonar and multi-beam sonar, sedimentary processes in large lakes, and paleocli- matology based on the analysis of lake sediment cores. He formerly served on the faculty of Duke University for eleven years. He was a Fulbright Scholar in 1993-1994 in France. He serves as a member of the Great Lakes Research Managers Council, International Joint Commission, and as a member of the Steering committee of the International Decade for East African Lakes (IDEAL). Andrew (Drew) Michel has over 35 years of technical and senior man- agement experience in deep water operations. He formed the first major commercial ROV operation in the offshore industry in 1976 and founded the first engineering consulting firm dedicated exclusively to ROV Tech- nology in 1986. He is the owner and principal consultant of ROV Tech- nologies, Inc., a partner and board member of the TSC Holdings Group of Companies and serves on the board of directors of Torch Offshore. He is a senior member of the IEEE and a fellow in the Marine Technology Society, serving as chair of the MTS ROV Committee. He is the co-chair of the annual Underwater Intervention Conference and was a steering com- mittee member in 2001 for the Society of Petroleum Engineers' annual North America Forum Series on Subsea Technology. He is vice chairman of the National Ocean Industries Association Technology Policy Commit- tee. He served on a previous NRC Committee on the Nation's Needs for

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192 APPENDIX A Undersea Vehicles. In 1990 he was a recipient of the Engineering News Record award for Outstanding Engineering Achievement. He was the 1997 recipient of the Lockheed-Martin Award for Ocean Science and En- gineering for his overall contribution to the development of ROV technol- ogy. Joan Oltman-Shay has a B.S. degree in Applied Physics and Electrical Engineering from the University of California, San Diego, an M.S. degree in Applied Ocean Sciences, and a Ph.D. in Oceanography from Scripps Institution of Oceanography. She is currently the president of NorthWest Research Associates, an earth-science research group owned and oper- ated by the Principal Investigators, and an affiliate in the School of Ocean- ography of the University of Washington. Dr. Oltman-Shay's research interests include nearshore fluid and sediment dynamics, remote sensing of the nearshore environment, design and application of sensor arrays for ocean wave directional measurements, and the design, development, and field testing of in situ sensor packages and real-time data acquisition systems. Her previous National Academies experience includes being a member of the Steering Committee for the Symposium of Oceanography for Naval Special Warfare, the Chair of a Committee to Review the USGS Coastal and Marine Geology Program, and a member of the Committee on High-Priority Science to Meet National Coastal Needs. Sylvie Pouliquen earned a Ph.D. in Computer Engineering from the Institut National des Sciences Appiquees in Rennes, France in 1983. She is currently the head of the Coriolis project at IFREMER (Institut franc~ais de recherche pour ['exploitation de la mer, or the French Research Institute for Exploitation of the Sea) located in Plouzane, France. The Coriolis project is a collaboration between 7 French institutions with the goal of building a real-time and delay mode in situ data center for several struc- tures to collect, validate, and distribute ocean data to scientific communi- ties and modelers. The Coriolis project also organizes data collection at sea from profilers, oceanographic vessels, drifting moorings. Dr. Pouli- quen's research interests include satellite altimetry and in situ data man- agement. Dr. Pouliquen also serves as the co-chair of the Argo Data Man- agement Committee, and as the head of one of the two Global ARGO Data centers in the world. Formerly, Dr. Pouliquen headed IFREMER's CERSAT Satellite Data Centre for nine years. Oscar M. E. Schofield obtained his Ph.D. in Biology from the University of California, Santa Barbara in 1993. He is currently a tenured associate professor at the Institute of Marine and Coastal Science at Rutgers Uni- versity. His research interests include the environmental regulation of

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APPENDIX A 193 primary productivity in aquatic ecosystems, ecology of phytoplankton and the implications for biogeochemical cycles in the oceans, hydrologi- cal optics, and developing integrated ocean observatories. In addition to being an invited scientist for several workshops on ocean observatories, he has been one of the principal investigators responsible for developing the shelf-wide ocean observation system in the Mid-Atlantic Bight. Robert A. Weller received his Ph.D. in 1978 from Scripps Institution of Oceanography. He is the Director of the Cooperative Institute for Climate and Ocean Research at Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution and has worked at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution since 1979. His research focuses on atmospheric forcing (wind stress and buoyancy flux), surface waves on the upper ocean, prediction of upper ocean variability, and the ocean's role in climate. He serves as the Secretary of the Navy Chair in Oceanography. He has been on multiple mooring deployment cruises and has practical experience with ocean observation instruments. NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL STAFF loanne C. Bintz earned her Ph.D. in Biological Oceanography from the University of Rhode Island Graduate School of Oceanography. Dr. Bintz has conducted research on the effects of decreasing water quality on eel- grass seedlings and the effects of eutrophication on shallow macrophyte- dominated coastal ponds using mesocosms. She has directed National Research Council studies on The Review of the Florida Keys Carrying Capac- ity and Chemical Reference Materials: Setting the Standardfor Ocean Science. Her interests include coastal ecosystem ecology and function, eutrophica- tion of coastal waters, seagrass ecology and restoration, oceanographic education, and coastal management and policy. Nancy A. Caputo received a master's of public policy from the University of Southern California and a bachelor's degree in political science/inter- national relations. During her tenure with the Ocean Studies Board, she has assisted with the completion of three reports: A Review of the Florida Keys Carrying Capacity Study (2002), Emulsified Fuels- Risks and Response (2002), and Decline of the Steller Sea Lion in Alaskan Waters Untangling Food Webs and Fishing Nets (2003~. Ms. Caputo has previous professional experience researching fisheries management in the northeastern and northwestern United States, socioeconomic assistance programs for fish- ing communities, and habitat restoration programs. Her interests include marine policy and science, oceanographic education, coastal management, and habitat restoration.