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Appendix C Observatory Workshops and Workshop Reports RECENT WORKSHOPS & RESU LTI NG REPORTS Nearshore Research Workshop The Nearshore Research Workshop was sponsored by the NSF, NOAA, ONR, USACE, and USGS. Held in St. Petersburg, Florida on September 14-16, 1998, the workshop provided 68 scientists and engineers an oppor- tunity to assess the current state of nearshore science, and identify re- search strategies, important scientific questions, and the infrastructure needed to address these questions. Thornton, E., T. Dalrymple, T. Drake, E. Gallagher, R.Guza, A. Hay, R. Holman, I. Kaihatu, T. Lippmann, and T. Ozkan-Haller. 2000. State of Nearshore Processes Research: II. NPS-OC-00-001. Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, CA. [Online] Available: http://www.coastal.udel.edu/ coastal/nearshorereport/nrwreport/html [July 12, 2003~. OOPC and CLIVAR International Conference on Ocean Observing for Climate The OceanObs '99 Conference was held in Saint Raphael, France on Octo- ber 18-22, 1999. Participants discussed an international strategy for an ocean- and climate-observing system. Koblinsky, c.r., and N.R. Smith, eds. 2001. Observing the Oceans in the 21st Century. GODAE Project Office, Bureau of Meteorology, Melbourne, Australia, 604 pp. 206

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APPENDIX C UNOLS Workshop: Developing Submergence Science in the Next Decade (DESCEND) 207 The DESCEND workshop was held on October 25-27,1999 at the National Science Foundation in Arlington, Virginia. The workshop provided 119 scientists, engineers and federal agency representatives an opportunity to discuss deep submergence science and technology. Fryer, P., K. Becker, J. Bellingham, C. Cary, L. Levin, M. Lilley. 1999. DESCEND Meeting Workshop Proceedings. [Online] Available: http:// www.mlml.calstate.edu/unols/dessc/descend/descend.html [July 12, 2003~. The National Research Council Symposium on Seafloor Observatory The NRC Committee on Seafloor Observatories held a symposium on January 9-12, 2000 in Islamorada, Florida. Approximately 70 participants from all fields of earth and ocean science, engineering, and planetary exploration provided input on the scientific and technical needs associ- ated with the establishment of a network of seafloor observatories. National Research Council. 2000. Illuminating the Hidden Planet: The Future of Seafloor Observatory Science. National Academies Press, Washington, DC. [Online] Available: http://www.nap.edu/catalog/ 9920.html [July 12, 2003~. Integrated and Sustained Ocean Observing System Workshop The IOOS workshop was held on March 10-14, 2002 at Airlie Center in Warrenton, Virginia. Over 100 attendees worked from Sunday evening to Friday noon in intensive group sessions to complete a phased and priori- tized implementation plan. The documents below reflect the sessions of this workshop. Ocean.US. 2002a. An Integrated and Sustained Ocean Observing System (IOOS)for the United States: Design and Implementation. Ocean.US, Arlington, VA, 21pp. [Online] Available: http://www.ocean.us/ documents/docs/FINAL-ImpPlan-NORLC.pdf [July 12, 2003~. Ocean.US. 2002b. Building Consensus: Toward an Integrated and Sustained Ocean Observing System. Ocean.US Workshop Proceedings. Ocean.US, Arlington, VA, 175pp. [Online] Available: http:// www.ocean.us/documents/docs/Core_lores.pdf [July 12, 2003~.

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208 Office of Naval Research/Marine Technical Society Buoy Workshop 2002 APPENDIX C The Buoy Workshop 2002 was held on April 9-11, 2002 in Seattle, Wash- ington and was conducted with support from the Ocean Engineering and Marine Systems Group of the Office of Naval Research, and by the Marine Technology Society, based in Columbia, Maryland. For more information, s e e h t t p : / / w w w . w h 0 i . e d u / b u 0 y w 0 r k s h 0 p / 2 0 0 2 / p r 0 g r a m f i n a l . h t m I ~ J u 1 y 12, 2003]. Scientific Cabled Observatories for Time-series Workshop The SCOTS Workshop was sponsored by the NSF and held on August 26- 28, 2002 in Norfolk, Virginia. The workshop was convened to gain com- munity input to define the scientific problems that require or would most effectively be addressed by regional-scale cabled observatory networks. In addition participants were asked to analyze the impact and feasibility of scientific questions considering current and emerging technological capabilities, determine the optimum locations for cabled observatories, and develop a phased implementation plan for the establishment of cabled observatories. Dickey, T., and S. Glenn. 2003. Scientific Cabled Observatories for Time- series (SCOTS) Report. Draft. National Science Foundation, Arlington, VA, 92 pp. Coastal Ocean Processes and Observatories: Advancing Coastal Research The Coastal Observatory Science Workshop was held on May 7-9, 2002 in Savannah, Georgia and attended by 64 scientists from 20 states and Wash- ington, D.C. as well as Canada and Great Britain. A total of 35 universi- ties, government agencies, and other institutions were represented. A hard copy of the full report can be requested from the CoOP Office or can be attained via the internet (see below). ahnke, R., L. Atkinson, I Barth, F. Chavez, K. Daly, I Edson, P. Franks, I O'Donnell, and O. Schofeld. 2002. Coastal Ocean Processes and Observatories: Advancing Coastal Research. Skidaway Institute of Oceanography Technical Report TR-02-01. Skidaway Institute of Oceanography, Savannah, GA. [Online] Available: http:// starbuck.skio.peachnet.edu/coop [July 12, 2003~.

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APPENDIX C 209 SELECTED REPORTS/DOCUMENTS ON OCEAN OBSERVATORY SCIENCE Bleck, R., A. Bennett, P. Cornillon, D. Haidvogel, E. Harrison, C. Lascara, D. McGillicuddy, T. Powell, E. Skyllingstad, D. Stammer, and Ad. Wallcraft (The OITI Steering Committee). 2002. An Information Technology Infrastructure Plan to Advance Ocean Sciences. Office of Naval Research, and the National Science Foundation, Arlington, VA. [Online] Available: http://www.geo-prose.com/projects/ pdfs/oiti_plan_lo.pdf [July 12, 2003~. Brink, K.H., r.M. Bane, T.M. Church, C.W. Fairall, G.L. Geernaert, D.S. Gorsline, R.T. Guza, D.E. Hammond, G.A. Knauer, C.S. Martens, r.D. Milliman, C.A. Nittrouer, C.H. Peterson, D.P. Rogers, M.R. Romand, and PA. Yoder. 1990. Coastal Ocean Processes (CoOP): Results of an Interdisciplinary Workshop. Contribution No. 7584. Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA, 51pp. Brink, K.H., r.M. Bane, T.M. Church, C.W. Fairall, G.L. Geernaert, D.E. Hammond, S.M. Henrichs, C.S. Martens, C.A. Nittrouer, D.P. Rogers, M. R. Roman, r. D . Roughgarden, R. L . Smith, L . D . Wright, and r.A. Yoder. 1992. Coastal Ocean Processes: A Science Prospectus. Technical Report WHOI-92-18. Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA, 88pp. Clark, H.L. 2001. New Seafloor Observatory Networks in Support of Ocean Science Research. National Science Foundation, Arlington, VA, 6pp. [Online] Available: http://www.coreocean.org/ Dev2Go.web?id=232087&rnd=5565 [July 12, 2003~. Consortium for Oceanographic Research and Education (CORE). A National Initiative to Observe the Oceans: A CORE Perspective. Consortium for Oceanographic Research and Education, Washington, DC. [Online] Available: http://www.coreocean.org/ resources/nopp/initiative.pdf [July 12, 2003~. DEOS Moored Buoy Observatory Working Group. 2000. DEOS Moored Buoy Observatory Design Study. Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA. [Online] Available at: http:// obslab.whoi.edu/buoy.html [March 26, 2003~. Dickey, T., and S. Glenn. 2003. Scientific Cabled Observatories for Time Series (SCOTS) Report. Draft. National Science Foundation, Arlington, VA, 92pp. Frosch, R., and the Ocean Observations Task Team. 2000. An Integrated Ocean Observing System: A Strategyfor Implementing the First Steps of

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210 a U.S. Plan. National Oceanographic Partnership Program, Washington, DC. [Online] Available: http://www.nopp.org/ Dev2 Go. web ? id=22 0672 ~rnd=2 032 8. Henrichs, S., N. Bond, R. Garvine, G. Kineke, and S. Lohrenz. 2000. APPENDIX C Coastal Ocean Processes: Transport and Transformation Processes over Continental Shelves with Substantial Freshwater Inflows. Coastal Ocean Processes (CoOP) Report No. 7. University of Maryland Technical Report UMCES TS-237-00. University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science, Cambridge, 131pp. Klump, r.v. K.W. Bedford, M.A. Donelan, By. Eadie, G.L. Fahnenstiel, and M.R. Roman. 1995. Coastal Ocean Processes: Cross-Margin Transport in the Great Lakes. Coastal Ocean Processes (CoOP) Report No. 5. UMCES TS-148-95. University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science, College Park, MD, 133pp. NEPTUNE Phase 1 Partners (University of Washington, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, ret Propulsion Laboratory, Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory). 2000. Real-time, Long-term Ocean and Earth Studies at the Scale of a Tectonic Plate. NEPTUNE Feasibility Study prepared for the National Oceanographic Partnership Program. University of Washington, Seattle. [Online] Available: http://www. neptune. washington. ecu/pub/documents/ documents.html#Anchor-NEPTUNE-33869 [March 26, 2003~. Smith, R.L., and K.H. Brink. 1994. Coastal Ocean Processes: Wind-Driven Transport Processes on the U.S. West Coast. Coastal Ocean Processes (CoOP) Report No. 4. Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution Technical Report WHOI-94-20. Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA, 134pp. The Marine Research and Related Environmental Research and Development Programs Authorization Act of 1999. H.R. 1552. The Oceans Act of 2000. Public Law 106-256, 2000. S. 2327. University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science.1998. Coastal Ocean Processes: Wind-Driven Transport Science Plan. Coastal Ocean Processes. CoOP Report No. 6. UMCES TS-170-98. University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science, Cambridge, 18pp. Vincent, C.L., T.C. Royer, and K.H. Brink. 1993. Long Time-series Measurements in the Coastal Ocean: A Workshop. Coastal Ocean Processes (CoOP) Report No. 3. Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution Technical Report WHOI-94-20. Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA, 96pp.