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APPENDIX B Acronyms and Abbreviations AAMC Association of American Medical Colleges AAU Association of American Universities ACC Autism Coordinating Committee ACD Advisory Committee to the Director ADAMHA Alcohol, Drug Abuse, and Mental Health Administration AHRQ Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality AIDS Acquired immune deficiency syndrome ARAC Administrative Restructuring Advisory Committee CDC Centers for Disease Control and Prevention cDNA Complementary DNA CGAP Cancer Genome Anatomy Project CIT Center for Information Technology C} Congressional Justification Budget COPR Council of Public Representatives CSR Center for Scientific Review DARPA Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency DHHS Department of Health and Human Services DOD Department of Defense External Advisory Committee of the Director's Advisory Committee 139

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140 Enhancing the Vitality of the National Institutes of Health FDA Food and Drug Administration FIC Fogarty International Center for Advanced Study in the Health Sciences FY Fiscal Year GCRC General Clinical Research Center GPRA Government Performance and Results Act GS Government Service HOP Human Genome Project HIPAA Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act HUPO Human Proteome Organization IC Institutes and centers IOM Institute of Medicine IRG Integrated/Initial Review Group IRP Intramural Research Program MGC Mammalian Gene Collection NASULGC National Association of State Universities and Land Grant Colleges NCI National Cancer Institute NCCAM National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine NCMHD National Center on Minority Health and Health Disparities NCRR National Center for Research Resources NEI National Eye Institute NHLBI National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute NHGRI National Human Genome Research Institute NIA National Institute on Aging NIAAA National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism NIADDK National Institute of Arthritis, Diabetes, and Digestive and Kidney Diseases NIAID National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases NIAMS National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases NIBIB National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering NICHD National Institute of Child Health and Human Development NIDA National Institute on Drug Abuse NIDCD National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders NIDCR National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Disorders NIDDK National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases NIEHS National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences NIGMS National Institute of General Medical Sciences NIH National Institutes of Health (National Institute of Health 1930-1948)

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Appendix B NIMH National Institute of Mental Health NINCDS National Institute of Neurological and Communicative Disorders and Stroke NINDB National Institute of Neurological Diseases and Blindness NINDS National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke NINR National Institute of Nursing Research NIOSH National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health NLM National Library of Medicine NSF National Science Foundation OAM Office of Alternative Medicine OAR Office of AIDS Research OBB Office of Bioengineering and Bioimaging OBSSR Office of Behavioral and Social Sciences Research OD Office of the Director ODP Office of Disease Prevention ODS Office of Dietary Supplements OMAR Office of Medical Applications of Research OMB Office of Management and Budget ORD Office of Rare Diseases ORMH Office of Research on Minority Health ORWH Office of Research on Women's Health PA Program announcement PhARMA Pharmaceutical Research and Manufacturers of America PHS Public Health Service PHSA Public Health Service Act P.L. Public Law R&D Research and development R01 Traditional individual investigator research grant RFA Request for application RMS Research Management and Support SARS Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome SEP Special Emphasis Pane! SES Senior Executive Service SGER Small Grants for Exploratory Research WHI Womens' Health Initiative 141

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