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Appendix D Invited Speakers' Biographical Information Gordon Betcherman, a Canadian national, is a World Bank expert on labor standards and social protection. He joined the World Bank in August 1998 and is currently responsible for leading research, policy, and opera- tional support activities in a variety of areas including industrial relations, core labor standards, labor law, active labor market policies, and support for unemployed workers. Prior to joining the World Bank, he was one of the leading researchers and policy analysts on employment issues in Canada where he held senior positions in think tanks and the private sector. He has published widely in the fields of labor economics and industrial relations and has been a frequent speaker and media commentator. Dr. Betcherman is a visiting fellow at the School of Policy Studies, Queen's University; di- rector of the Canadian Policy Research Networks; and a member of the Statistics Canada Advisory Committee on Labour Statistics and the edito- rial board of the Canadian Business Economics Journal. He obtained his Ph.D. from the University of California, Los Angeles. Drusilla Brown is an associate professor of economics at Tufts Univer- sity. She has published extensively on international economic issues, in- cluding international trade and labor standards. Dr. Brown's recent research includes studies on the effects of multinational production on wages and working conditions in developing countries, the linkage of trade to labor standards, child labor and human capital, and multilateral and regional trading arrangements. Her research activities have been supported by the lapan Foundation, the Ford Foundation, the National Science Foundation, 44

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APPENDIX D 45 and the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID). She holds a doctorate in economics from the University of Michigan. Deborah Levison is an economist and demographer; much of her research focuses on the work and schooling of Third World children in the context of the household. Recent projects include analyses of microdata from surveys in urban Brazil and Egypt. She has also worked on projects examining child work in India from an industry perspective. Other re- search areas include child care and women's employment. She earned a doctorate in economics from the University of Michigan, where she also trained at the Population Studies Center. She spent two years as a postdoctoral fellow at Yale University's Economic Growth Center before joining the University of Minnesota in 1992. She is an associate professor at the University of Minnesota's Hubert H. Humphrey Institute of Public Affairs. Ray Marshall currently holds the Austere and Bernard Rapoport Cen- tennial Chair in Economics and Public Affairs at the University of Texas, Austin, and is president of Ray Marshall, Inc., a research and consulting firm. He served as U.S. Secretary of Labor under President limmy Carter. He has a Ph.D. in economics from the University of California, Berkeley, and honorary degrees from Rutgers University, the University of Maryland, Millsaps College, St. Edward's University, Bates College, Tulane University, Cleveland State University, and Utah State University. He has also held positions on the U.S. State Department Advisory Council on Labor Diplo- macy and the Council on Foreign Relations. Board memberships include National Center on Education and the Economy (chair), Industrial Rela- tions Research Association (national president, 1976-1977), National Alli- ance of Business, and American Economic Association and Labor Advisory Board of the American Income Life Insurance Company. Dr. Marshall has served on a number of task forces and commissions concerned with labor and economic policy. Some of the most recent include chair of the Austin Equity Commission; co-chair of the Commission on the Skills of the American Workforce; member of the Clinton Administration's Commis- sion on the Future of Worker-Management Relations (chair of the Interna- tional Working Group); the Council on Foreign Relations' Task Force on International Financial Architecture; and chair, Carnegie Corporation of New York's Action Council on Minority Education. Michaela Meehan is the senior labor advisor for USAID attached to the Office of Democracy and Governance. In this capacity, she is respon- sible for advising on all labor-related policies and the implementation of

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46 HUMAN CAPITAL INVESTMENT labor programs throughout the developing world. Immediately prior to joining USAID, Ms. Meehan was the deputy director of technical coopera- tion at the U.S. Department of Labor's Bureau of International Labor Af- fairs. During her tenure at the Department of Labor, Ms. Meehan's portfo- lio at times included corporate social responsibility, national skill standards, and core labor standards. She has a B.A. in international relations from Brown University and an M.A. in management from Brandeis University. Steve Moodily is a legislative assistant for Congressman George Miller, Ranking Member of the Education and Workforce Committee. Mr. Moody covers international relations, national security, health, and other issues for the congressman. Last spring, he visited Ecuador on the congressman's be- half to investigate claims of labor rights abuses in the Ecuadorian banana industry. In August 2002, he accompanied Congressman Miller to Johannesburg for the World Summit on Sustainable Development. Mr. Moody has an undergraduate degree in international relations from the College of William and Mary and an advanced degree in American history from George Mason University. Roland Schneider is currently senior policy advisor at the Trade Union Advisory Committee (TUAC) to the Organisation for Economic Co-op- eration and Development (OECD) in Paris. TUAC is the interface for labor unions with the OECD. It is an international trade union organiza- tion with members in all OECD countries. TUAC has consultative status with the OECD and its various committees. Following an apprenticeship as a toolmaker, Mr. Schneider completed studies in mechanical engineer- ing as well as in political science. From 1981 to December 1985, he con- ducted research projects at the Economic and Social Research Institute of the German federation of trade unions (DGB), located in Duesseldorf. In 1986 he joined the DGB as head of the department of new technology and humanization of work. At TUAC, which he joined in 1998, he works on employment, labor market, and social policy issues as well as education and . . . tralnlng Issues. Elliot Schrage is a lawyer and business strategist with extensive experi- ence working on private corporate matters and public policy issues. He currently serves as adjunct senior fellow in Business and Foreign Policy at the Council on Foreign Relations, where his work focuses on the growing role of U.S. courts in holding multinational companies accountable for human rights abuses arising from globalization. Prior to his appointment, Mr. Schrage served as senior vice president of global affairs for Gap Inc., with responsibility for government affairs, corporate communications, and

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APPENDIX D 47 corporate social responsibility. Before joining Gap, he served for 10 years as managing director of the New York office of Clark & Weinstock Inc., a public policy and management consulting firm. Mr. Schrage has repre- sented a wide variety of U.S. and foreign corporations in international trans- actions and served as consultant to several multinational corporations and trade associations, helping them draft corporate human rights "codes of conduct" and design programs to enforce them. As adjunct professor at Columbia University Business School and Columbia Law School, he teaches a seminar that explores the social consequences of economic global- ization. He has written and spoken widely on this and related topics before corporations, foundations, and trade associations. A member of the Coun- cil on Foreign Relations, Mr. Schrage has served on the American Associa- tion for the Advancement of Science's Committee on Scientific Freedom and Human Rights and on an advisory committee of the U.S. Department of Treasury. His board experience includes the Harvard Law School Asso- ciation of New York (trustee), the International League for Human Rights (director), and the Medicare Beneficiaries Defense Fund (director). Davitl Stern is professor of education at the University of California, Berkeley. From 1995 to 1999, he served as director of the National Center for Research in Vocational Education, based at Berkeley's Graduate School of Education. From 1993 to 1995, he was principal administrator in the Center for Educational Research and Innovation at the OECD in Paris. Since 1976, he has been on the faculty at Berkeley, teaching and conduct- ing research on the relationship between education and work and on re- source allocation in schools. Dr. Stern is the lead author of several books. The most recent include School to Work: Research on Programs in the United States (with N. Finkelstein, I. Stone III, I. Latting, and C. Dornsife, 19951; School-Based(Enterprise: Productive Learning in American High Schools (with I. Stone III, C. Hopkins, M. McMillion, and R. Crain, 19941; and Career Academies: Partnerships for Reconstructing American High Schools (with M. Raby and C. Dayton, 1992) . He is also lead editor of International Perspec- tives on the School-to-Work Transition (with D. Wagner, 19991; Active Learn- ingforStudentsandTeachers~with G.Huber, 19971; MarketFail?vreinTrain- ing (with I.M.M. Ritzen, 19911; and Adolescence and Work: Inf uences of Social Structure, Labor Markets and Culture (with D. Eichorn, 19891. Raymond Torres is head of the Employment Analysis and Policy Di- vision in the Directorate for Employment, Labour and Social Affairs of the OECD. Before joining the OECD, he was assistant professor of microeconomics at University of Paris I. He has worked as an economist in

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48 HUMAN CAPITAL INVESTMENT the Economics Department of OECD, notably as co-author of the annual economic review of Spain. In 1997-1999, he joined the International Labour Organization (ILO) as head of the Task Force on the Social Dimen- sions of Globalisation. He has produced several studies and articles on a variety of economic and social issues, notably trade and labor standards and employment policies and economic growth. Michael Urminsly is an official with the ILO's Multinational Enter- prises Programme. During his six years with the ILO, he has specialized in the employment and labor dimensions of multinational enterprises and conducted research in areas such as international labor standards and cor- porate policy, accreditation and certification of labor standards, corporate social disclosure, and various other topics in the field of corporate social responsibility. He has also overseen the development of management train- ing materials on the Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work for man- agers, and he oversees the testing and implementation of these materials. Prior to joining the ILO, he worked with human rights organizations such as Amnesty International Canada and conducted field research on human rights and development in Vietnam. He holds a postgraduate degree from the University of Essex's Human Rights Center where he specialized in economic relations and human rights. Wolfgang Frelherr von Richthofen studied law, economics, political science, and Indonesian anthropology at Berlin, Bonn, and Heidelberg uni- versities in Germany, and became a Barrister-at-Law at the High Court of Berlin in 1973. His professional career over the past 20 years has included the post of deputy director, Center for Socio-Economic Development, Ger- man Foundation for International Development, Berlin, and, in the ILO, senior labour administration specialist, former Labour Administration Branch, and coordinator, Development of Inspection Systems, SafeWork- ILO InFocus Programme on Safety and Health at Work and the Environ- ment. Over the years, he has been the author and editor of, and contributor to, numerous publications on labor inspection. He is a Member of the Jury of the StGB Work, Safety and Health Award in Germany. He is principal lecturer on labor inspection at the African Regional Labour Administration Centre, Harare, Zimbabwe, and also acts as visiting lecturer on compara- tive labor protection at Hanover University, Germany, and on labor admin- istration at the Department for Extramural Studies (Ruskin College), Ox- ford University, United Kingdom.