ECLAMC

Estudio Colaborativo Latino Americano de Malformaciones Congénitas (Latin American Collaborative Study of Congenital Malformations)

ECV

External cephalic version

EmOC

Emergency obstetric care

EOC

Essential obstetric care


GDP

Gross Domestic Product

GNP

Gross National Product


Hg

Hemoglobin

HiB

Hemophilus influenza Type B

HIV

Human immunodeficiency virus


ICBDMS

International Clearing House for Birth Defects Monitoring Systems

ICD

International Classification of Diseases

IDD

Iodine-deficiency disorders

IDDM

Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus

IMCI

Integrated management of childhood illnesses

IMMAT

Deaths due to immaturity

IMMPACT

Initiative for maternal mortality programme assessment

IMPAC

Integrated management of pregnancy and childbirth

IMR

Infant mortality rate

INCLEN

International Clinical Epidemiology Network

IOM

Institute of Medicine of the U.S. National Academies

IPFD

Intrapartum fetal deaths

IU

International units

IUGR

Intrauterine growth restriction (formerly retardation)

IV

Intravenous


LBW

Low birth weight (less than 2.5 kilograms)


MCH

Maternal and child health

MMR

Maternal mortality rate


NGO

Nongovernmental organization

NIH

National Institutes of Health of the United States

NMR

Neonatal mortality rate

NTD

Neural tube defects

NVP

Nevirapine


PHC

Primary health care

PIH

Pregnancy-induced hypertension

PMR

Perinatal mortality rate

PPH

Postpartum hemorrhage

PTB

Preterm birth


RCT

Randomized, controlled trials

RTI

Reproductive tract infections


SGA

Small for gestational age



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