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Appendixes 155

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A Committee and Staff Biographies COMMITTEE John Orcutt (Chair) is a Professor of geophysics and Deputy Director at Scripps Institution of Oceanography and Interim Dean of Marine Sciences at the University of California, San Diego. Dr. Orcutt earned his under- graduate degree in mathematics and physics at the U.S. Naval Academy, a M.Sc. in physical chemistry as a Fulbright Scholar at the University of Liverpool, and a Ph.D. in geophysics from the University of California, San Diego-Scripps Institution of Oceanography. His research focuses on the internal structure of ocean spreading centers, the use of information tech- nology in integrating real-time data from a wide variety of sensors using wireless networks, and ocean seismo-acoustics including rough seafloor scattering and the use of small arrays. Dr. Orcutt is the President-Elect of the American Geophysical Union and is a Secretary of the Navy/Chief of Naval Operations Oceanography Chair. He is a member of the American Philosophical Society and served briefly as Interim President of the Ocean Drilling Program in 2000. Dr. Orcutt is a former member of the Ocean Studies Board and has served on numerous NRC committees. Shirley Pomponi (Vice-Chair) is the Vice President and Director of Research at Harbor Branch Oceanographic Institution. Dr. Pomponi earned a Ph.D. in biological oceanography from the University of Miami. Her research focuses on the development of methods for sustainable use of marine resources for drug discovery and development, and in particular, on devel- oping cell lines of bioactive marine invertebrates and determining the role of associated microorganisms in the production of bioactive secondary metabolites. Dr. Pomponi is a member of the Society for In Vitro Biology, the Society for Biomolecular Screening, the American Society for Cell Biology, and the American Geophysical Union. Dr. Pomponi served on the 157

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158 APPENDIX A President's Panel on Ocean Exploration and the NRC's Committee on Marine Biotechnology: Development of Marine Natural Products. Tundi Agardy is the Founder and Executive Director of Sound Seas, which works to promote effective marine conservation by utilizing both science and sociology, and works as the interface between public policy and community-based conservation efforts. Dr. Agardy earned a Ph.D. in bio- logical sciences in 1987 from the University of Rhode Island. She was a Senior Scientist at the World Wildlife Fund and Senior Director of the Global Marine Program for Conservation International. Dr. Agardy has been a member of numerous organizations, such as the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources Commission on National Parks and Protected Areas and Species Survival Commission. George Bass is a Distinguished Professor Emeritus of Anthropology at Texas A&M University. Dr. Bass earned a Ph.D. in classical archaeology in 1 964 from the University of Pennsylvania. His research focuses on classical and nautical archaeology. Dr. Bass has received many honors, including the Archaeological Institute of America's Gold Medal for Distinguished Archaeological Achievement, a National Geographic Society Centennial Award, and the National Medal of Science. Earl Doyle is presently a consultant who retired from Shell Oil where he was a Senior Staff Civil Engineer working in the area of ocean engineering. Mr. Doyle earned a M.S. in ocean engineering in 1968 from the University of Rhode Island. He is a current member of the Ocean Studies Board. Terry Garcia is Executive Vice President of the National Geographic Soci- ety. Mr. Garcia earned a J. D. i n 1 980 from George Wash i ngton U n iversity. He is responsible for the Society's core mission programs and is a member of the Society's Executive Management Council and Committee for Re- search and Exploration and a trustee of the Society's Education Foundation. Prior to joining the Society in 1999, Mr. Garcia was the Assistant Secretary of Commerce for Oceans and Atmosphere, U.S. Department of Commerce, and Deputy Administrator of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Ad- ministration. In his role he directed and coordinated all domestic and international coastal and ocean programs of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. From 1994 to 1996, Mr. Garcia was the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's general counsel. Prior

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APPENDIX A to enter) ng govern ment service, Mr. Garcia was a Partner i n the law fi rm of Manatt, Phelps & Phillips in Los Angeles. Bruce Gilman is retired from Sonsub Inc. where he worked in the areas of engineering, operations and management of programs, projects and organi- zations dealing with the offshore and marine environment including manned diving, manned submersibles and unmanned remotely operated vehicles. Mr. Gilman earned a B.S. in aeronautical engineering from Polytechnic University. He is a registered Professional Engineer, Marine Technology Society Fellow, member of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers and Society of Petroleum Engineers, serves on the Texas Sea Grant College Program Advisory Committee, and holds several patents relating to the offshore industry. Susan Humphris is a Senior Scientist in the Department of Geology and Geophysics and Director of the Earth-Ocean Exploration Institute at Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. Dr. Humphris earned a Ph.D. in chemical oceanography i n 1 977 from the Massach usetts I nstitute of Tech nology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution Joint Program. She taught under- graduates and served as Dean at the Sea Education Association for 13 years before returning to Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. Her research focuses on volcanic and tectonic controls on the distribution and character- istics of hydrothermal activity at mid-ocean ridges, the geochemistry of rock-water interactions, and the role of the associated hydrothermal fluxes in global geochemical mass balances. From 1 996 to 1 998, Dr. Humphris was Chair of the Science Committee for the Ocean Drilling Program. She has also served on some NRC committees. Isao Koike is the Director of the Ocean Research Institute of the University of Tokyo. Dr. Koike earned a Ph.D. in microbiology in 1975 from the University of Tokyo. His research focuses on marine biogeochemistry, especially dynamics of dissolved and colloidal organic matter in the ocean, microbial nitrogen and carbon transformation, and nutrient dynamics in tropical lagoon. Dr. Koike joined many cruises to the Western Pacific Ocean and the Bering Sea as Principal Investigator, and also performed field surveys in the Pacific Islands and Southeast Asia. He is the Secretary of the Japanese National Scientific Committee for the International Geosphere- Biosphere Programme and the Treasurer for the Executive Board of the International Council for Science of the International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme. 159

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160 APPENDIX A Richard Lutz is the Director of the Center for Deep-Sea Ecology and Bio- technology at Rutgers University. Dr. Lutz earned a Ph.D. in 1975 from the University of Maine. His research focuses on shellfish ecology and biology of deep sea hydrothermal vents. Dr. Lutz participated in the first biological expedition to the Galapagos Rift vents in 1979. He served on the Steering Committee for the Workshop on the Mid-Oceanic Ridge: A Dynamic Global System. Marcia McNutt is the President and Chief Executive Officer of the Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute, which is privately funded by the David and Lucile Packard Foundation to develop better technology for ocean research and apply it to outstanding problems through teamwork between scientists and engineers. Dr. McNutt earned her Ph.D. in earth sciences in 1978 from Scripps Institution of Oceanography. Her own research focuses on the use of marine geophysical data to study the physical properties of the Earth beneath the ocean. Dr. McNutt has received the Macelwane Award from the American Geophysical Union and fellowship in the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. She is a past President of the American Geophysical Union and served as Chair of the President's Panel on Ocean Exploration. John Norton Moore is the Walter L. Brown Professor of Law at the Univer- sity of Virginia School of Law and Director of the University's Center for Oceans Law and Policy. In addition to his scholarly career, Professor Moore has a distinguished record of public service. Among seven presiden- tial appointments, he served as Chairman of the National Security Council Interagency Task Force on the Law of the Sea, Ambassador and Deputy Special Representative of the President to the Law of the Sea Conference, and as a member of the National Advisory Committee on Oceans and Atmosphere. Professor Moore has served as Chairman of the Marine Educa- tion and Policy Division of the Marine Technology Society (MTS) since 1979, was an MTS Fellow in 1983, and received the MTS-sponsored "Com- pass Distinguished Achievement Award" for 1994. He is also a co-founder of the international Rhodes Academy of Oceans Law and Policy. Walter Pitman, 111 is a Special Research Scientist at Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory at Columbia University. Dr. Pitman earned a Ph.D. from Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory at Columbia University. His research focuses on past sea-level changes, both short- and long-term, their causes

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APPENDIX A and effects on the sedimentary record, climate change, and human history. He is a member of the National Academy of Sciences. torn Thiede is the Director of the Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research. Dr. Thiede earned a Ph.D. in geology in 1 971 from Kiel University. His research focuses on marine sediments and arctic geology. In 1 998, Dr. Thiede received the Murchison Medal from the United Kingdom Geological Society and is the current Chairman of the European Polar Board. He served on the NRC Committee on Arctic Solid-Earth Geosciences and was recently elected as a foreign member of the Russian Academy of S. clences. Victor Vicente-Vidal Lorandi is Professor and Head of the Oceanography Studies Group at the Centro de Investigacion en Ciencia Aplicada y Tecnolog~a Avanzada of the Instituto Politecnico Nacional. Dr. Vicente- Vidal Lorandi earned a Ph.D. in oceanography in 1978 from the University of California, San Diego-Scripps Institution of Oceanography. His research focuses on coastal circulation, modeling of coastal discharges, mesoscale circulation phenomena associated with Loop Current ring interactions with topography, and water mass distribution within the Intra-Americas Sea. Dr. Vicente-Vidal Lorandi served on the OSB's Academia Mexicana de Ciencias-National Research Council Joint Working Group on Ocean Sciences. STAFF Jennifer Merrill earned a Ph.D. in marine and estuarine environmental science from the University of Maryland Centerfor Environmental Science. Dr. Merrill is a Senior Program Officer for the Ocean Studies Board and staffs a broad range of topical studies. Studies completed at the NRC include Ocean Noise and Marine Mammals (2003), Oil in the Sea 111~2003), and Marine Biotechnology in the Twenty-First Century: Problems, Promise, and Products (20021. Her research interests include watershed and wetland management, geochemistry, and nutrient cycling in coastal systems. Jodi Bachim serves as a Senior Project Assistant for the Ocean Studies Board. She received a B.S. in zoology from the University of Wisconsin- Madison in 1998. Since starting with the Ocean Studies Board in May 1999, Ms. Bachim has worked on several studies regarding fisheries, geology, nutrient over-enrichment, and marine mammals. 161