TABLE C-1 A Comparison of Work Hour Limitations in Selected Safety-Sensitive Industries

Occupational Group

Regulatory Body and Type of Regulation

Maximum WorkHours in 24-Hour Period and/or 7-Day Period

Minimum Rest Period

Other Provisions

Health Care Professionals

Registered nurses

No federal regulations

May not work more than 16 hours in any 24-hour period, with some exceptions for emergencies and rural hospitals (Oregon)

If a nurse works more than 12 hours, must be given at least 10 hours off before the next shift assignment (Maine)

 

  • Mandatory overtime beyond 8 hours/day or 40 hours/week prohibited unless declaration of emergency or natural disaster (California)

  • 12-hour shifts allowed for hospital employees; employee may be required to stay 13th hour if someone fails to show up for work, but cannot be mandated to work more than 16 hours per shift (California)

  • Employees cannot be mandated to work more than 80 hours of overtime in any consecutive 2-week period (Maine)

  • Nurses cannot be required to work more than 12 consecutive hours (Maine)

  • Nurses cannot be required to work more than 2 hours beyond their regularly scheduled shift (Oregon)

Physicians

No federal regulations

May not work more than 80 hours/week or 24 consecutive hours (New York)

Must have at least 8 nonworking hours between shifts (New York)

 

  • Guidelines of the Association of American Medical Colleges suggest that residents work no more than 80 hours/week.

  • No prohibitions on working extra hours (moonlighting)



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