Medicine Committee on the Work Environment for Nurses and Patient Safety and presented to the Committee.

Medicare Payment Advisory Commission. 2001. Report to the Congress: Medicare Payment Policy. [Online]. Available: [accessed February 24, 2003].

Mitchell P, Shortell S. 1997. Adverse outcomes and variations in organization of care delivery. Medical Care 35(Supplement 11):NS19–32.

Morris J, Murphy K, Nonemaker S. 1995. Long Term Care Resident Assessment Instrument User’s Manual, Version 2.0. Baltimore, MD: Health Care Financing Administration, U.S. DHHS.

Narumi J, Miyazawa S, Miyata H, Suzuki A, Kohsaka S, Kosugi H. 1999. Analysis of human error in nursing care. Accident Analysis & Prevention 31(6):625–629.

Needleman J, Buerhaus P, Mattke S, Stewart M, Zelevinsky K. 2002. Nurse-staffing levels and the quality of care in hospitals. The New England Journal of Medicine 346(22):1715–1722.

Norrish B, Rundall T. 2001. Hospital restructuring and the work of registered nurses. Milbank Quarterly 79(1):55.

O’Shea E. 1999. Factors contributing to medication errors: A literature review. Journal of Clinical Nursing 8(5):496–505.

Pabst M, Scherubel J, Minnick A. 1996. The impact of computerized documentation on nurses’ use of time. Computers in Nursing 14(1):25–30.

Perrow C. 1984. Normal Accidents. New York, NY: Basic Books.

Prescott P, Phillips C, Ryan J, Thompson K. 1991. Changing how nurses spend their time. Image 23(1):23–28.

Reason J. 1990. Human Error. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Reason J. 1997. Managing the Risks of Organizational Accidents. Burlington, VT: Ashgate Publishing Company.

Reason J. 2000. Human error: Models and management. British Medical Journal 320(7237): 768–770.

Rhoades J, Krauss N. 2001. Chartbook #3: Nursing Home Trends, 1987 and 1996. [Online]. Available: [accessed October 4, 2003]. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality.

Ritter-Teitel J. 2002. The impact of restructuring on professional nursing practice. The Journal of Nursing Administration 32(1):31–41.

Roberts K. 1990. Managing high reliability organizations. California Management Review Summer:101–113.

Roberts K, Bea R. 2001. When systems fail. Organizational Dynamics 29(3):179–191.

Rogers A. 2002. Work Hour Regulation in Safety-Sensitive Industries. Paper commissioned by the Institute of Medicine Committee on the Work Environment for Nurses and Patient Safety. Washington, DC: IOM.

Rousseau D, Libuser C. 1997. Contingent workers in high risk environments. California Management Review 39(2):103–123.

Rubenstein L, Chang B, Keeler E, Kahn K. 1992. Measuring the quality of nursing surveillance activities for five diseases before and after implementation of the drug-based prospective payment system. In: Patient Outcomes Research: Examining the Effectiveness of Nursing Practice. Proceedings of the State of the Science Conference. Bethesda, MD: NIH, National Center for Nursing Research. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Seago J. 2001. Nurse staffing, models of care delivery, and interventions. In: Shojania K, Duncan B, McDonald K, Wachter R, eds. Making Health Care Safer: A Critical Analysis of Patient Safety Practices. Evidence Report/Technology Assessment No. 43. Rockville, MD: AHRQ.

The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement