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INSTITUTE OF MEDICINE 500 Fifth Street, N.W. Funding: This document was produced using internal IOM funds. Washington, DC 20001 The National Academy of Sciences is a private, nonprofit, self-perpetuating society of distinguished scholars engaged in scientific and engineering research, dedicated to the furtl~er- ance of science and technology and to their use for the general welfare. Upon the authority of th charter granted to it by the Congress in ] 863, the Academy has a mandate that requires it to advise flee federal government on scientific arid technical matters. Dr. Bruce M. Alberts is president of the National Academy of Sciences The National Academy of Engineering was established in 1964, under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences, as a parallel organization of outstanding engineers. It is autonomous in its administration and in the selection of its members, sharing with tl~e National Academy of Sciences the responsibility for advising the federal government. The National Academy of Engineering also sponsors engineering programs aimed at meeting national needs, encourages education and research' arid recognizes the superior achievements of engineers. Dr. Wm. A. Wulf is president of the National Academy of Engineering. Tile institute of Medicine was established in 1970 by the National Academy of Sciences to secure the services of eminent members of appropriate professions in the examination of policy matters pertaining to the health of the public. The Institute acts under the responsibility givers to the National Academy of Sciences by its congressional charter to be an adviser to the federal government alla' upon its own initiative, to identify issues of medical care? research, and education. Dr. Harvey V. Fineberg is president of the Institute of Medicine. The National Research Council was organized by the National Academy of Sciences in 1916 to associate the broad community of science and technology with the Academy's purposes of furthering knowledge and advising the federal government. Fu~ctioni~g in accordance with general policies determined by the Academy, the Council has become the principal operating agency of loath the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering in providing services to the government, the public, arid the scientific and engineering communities. The Council is administered jointly by both Academies arid the Institute of Medicine. Dr. Bruce M. Alberts arid Dr. Win. A. Wulf are chair and vice chair' respectively, of the National Research Council. Copyright 2003 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. Printed in the United States of America

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ADE/~/ES Shaping 1h~ Future 10r Health

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The Institute of Medicine: Adviser to the Nation Highlighted Reports Global Health and Infectious Disease Health Sciences ant] the Research Enterprise Ensuring Food Safety and Proper Nutrition Assuring the Public's Health Health Care Delivery System and Performance Capabilities H u m an Secu rity an c] e i oterrori s m Military Personnel and Veterans Robert Wood Johnson Health Policy Fellowships Program Senior Nurse Scholar Program Recent ant' Upcomi ng Reports 5 23 33 49 63 81 101 113 125 129 131

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