Brown, A.L. 1997 Transforming schools into communities of thinking and learning about serious matters. American Psychologist 52:399-414.

Brown, A.L., J.D. Bransford, R.A. Ferrara, and J.C. Campione 1983 Learning, remembering, and understanding. Pp. 78-166 in Handbook of Child Psychology: Volume 3 Cognitive Development (4th edition), J.H. Flavell and E.M. Markman, eds. New York: Wiley.

Budiansky, S. 2001 The trouble with textbooks. Prism (February).


Carey, S. 2001 Evolutionary and ontogenetic foundations of arithmetic. Mind and Language 37-55.

Carey, S., R. Evans, M. Honda, E. Jay, and C. Unger 1989 An experiment is when you try it and see if it works: A study of grade 7 students’ understanding of the construction of scientific knowledge. International Journal of Science Education 11:514-529.

Carpenter, T., and M. Franke 2001 Developing algebraic reasoning in the elementary school. Pp. 155-162 in Proceedings of the 12th ICMI Study Conference (Vol. 1), H. Chick, K. Stacey, J. Vincent, and J. Vincent, eds. Melbourne, Australia: The University of Melbourne.

Carpenter, T., E. Fennema, and M. Franke 1996 Cognitively guided instruction: A knowledge base for reform in primary mathematics instruction. Elementary School Journal 97(1):3-20.

Carroll, G.R., and M.T. Hannan 2000 The Demography of Corporations and Industries. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Case, R., and R. Sandieson 1987 General Development Constraints on the Acquisition of Special Procedures (and Vice Versa). Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, Baltimore, April.

Chi, M.T.H., and M. Bassok 1989 Learning from examples via self-explanations. In Knowing, Learning, and Instruction: Essays in Honor of Robert Glaser, L.B. Resnick, ed. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Chi, M.T.H., P.J. Feltovich, and R. Glaser 1981 Categorization and representation of physics problems by experts and novices. Cognitive Science 5:121-152.

Clay, M.M. 1993 Reading Recovery: A Guidebook for Teachers in Training. Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann.

Clement, J. 1982 Students’ perceptions in elementary mechanics. American Journal of Physics 50:66-71.

Cobb, P., K. McClain, and K. Gravemeijer 2003 Learning about statistical covariation. Cognition and Instruction 21(1):1-78.

Cohen, D.K., and H.C. Hill 2000 Instructional policy and classroom performance: The mathematics reform in California. Teachers College Record 102(2):294-343.



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement